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Tuesday, May 31, 2016

Summary Of Death Be Not Proud By John Donne

This article in naijapoets.com will be summarizing one of the famous poem of John Donne:- "Death, Be Not Proud"
From line 1-2, the poet confronted death and said: Death, even though some people believe you're fearful and mighty, don't be proud at all because you're not.
Line 3-4, the poet told death that those he thought to have killed didn't die neither had he had power over him. "For those whom thou think'st thou dost overthrow/ Die not, poor Death, nor yet canst thou kill me"
Line 5-7, the poet reduced dying to a mere sleep and reclining longer in length, through it, humans rest their mortal bodies from the burdens on earth and tender their souls.
Line 9-10, death was called a slave or messenger that possessed poison, war, and epidemic. The poet made the readers understood that death is enslaved by destiny, coincidence, powerful and desperately wicked people. "Thou art slave to fate, chance, kings, and desperate men/ And dost with poison, war, and sickness dwell,"
Line 11-12, charms or sedatives can as well do wh

Summary Of Loser Of Everything By David Diop

As I have said in many of my African poetic analysis that most of the well celebrated African poets share a certain theme in common, which is the initiatory pattern of Africa into westernization; in this wise, their poems are either referring to the African slavery or the encroachment of civilization.
Loser of Everything by David Diop is not an exception. Based on the context of the poem, the poem-speaker speaks of the recollection of his freedom, innocence or liberty; when his hut was worth a palace to him, his loving wives adored him, his children were satisfied and free and skilled out of monotony to swim rivers with dangerous depths. The poem speaker also recollected how his fishing career was not questioned by any authority except common predators (the crocodiles). Their moon dances accompanied by melodious drum beats were part of the pleasures they enjoyed until suddenly they were enslaved and his story began to roll in opposite direction; his wives were forcefully taken by the slave master, David Diop put it this way: "My women crushed their painted mouths/ On the thin hard lips of steel-eyed conquerors" (line 14-15). All the freedom his children enjoyed were taken away, all the freedom he enjoyed were also taken away. He became bound with the chains of slavery and his "children left their peaceful nakedness/ For the uniform of iron and blood." The last three lines of the poem were zeugma; "The irons of slavery tore my heart to pieces/ Tomtoms of my nights, tomtoms of my fathers." which means that the slavery took his peace, pleasure and cultural heritage; and made him loser of everything.

The poem has a rural riverine colonial setting due to the instances on slavery, hut, canoe and swimming of naked children. The twenty line poem is divided into 10 lines each stanza. No obvious rhythm, no specific end rhyme scheme but flows from up to down with easy to comprehend dictions and reasonable figures of speech. The tone of the poem was sad and self which made poem-speaker wrote from a first person point of view. The themes are slavery, freedom, pre-colonial African lifestyle. The sun is personified in line 1 "The sun used to laugh in my hut", line 3 has simile comparing the love from the poem speaker's wives to that of palm tree blowing evening breeze, "Of deadly depths" in line 5 is an imagery with an image of sight, "steel-eye conqueror" symbolized wicked dictator, "And my canoes would battle with crocodile" could be consider metaphor or personification or hyperbole.



Saturday, May 14, 2016

Summary Of Africa By Raphael Armattoe

THE SUMMARY:-
Raphael in the poem "Africa", was addressing a lady who he taught was sad but the response of the lady made him realise that she wasn't sad but sick and dying due to arrogance and nonchalance of the people around. If the poem is to be viewed from its connotative meaning, the lady Armattoe was addressing is Africa, and Africa (as the mother of Africans) was feeling cold and numb because her children were dying as a result of not listening to the ways of their mother, Africa. The poem is a prove of Raphael Armattoe's vast imaginative reasoning. Since the poet could imagine that if Africa happened a human being, what would her complains be?
Simplicity has been the poetic trait of Raphael Armattoe. All his poems are simple but deep, including this one. The poem took the form of a very short dialogue with repetitions at the end of the first two lines. The tone of the poet at the first four lines is rhythmically sweet like that of a guy who wants to woo a lady but the remaining lines of the poem have a plaintiff tone complaining. The maiden is a metaphor for Africa as suggested by the title of the poem. Besides the use of metaphor, alliterations are as well obvious in the poem. In line 2, "sitting by the wayside, sad and lonely" in line 6, "deaf amid dumb".
Armattoe used maiden instead of mother as a suspense and also to show that Africa is never aging but her children grow old and die.
The simple message the poem is passing is that Africans should embrace more<!--more--> of their own culture and be safe.
THE POEM:-
I once saw a maiden dark and comely,
Sitting by the wayside, sad and lonely.
Oh! Pretty maiden, so dark and comely
Why sit by the wayside, sad and lonely?
‘I am neither sad nor lonely,’ She said,
‘But living, sir, among the deaf amid dumb;
Relentlessly watching these shameless dead,
Makes my warm heart grow very cold and numb.’
Copyright © Raphael Armattoe
all rights reserved.
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)





Analysis Of Not My Business By Niyi Osundare

The very first time I saw Not My Business By Niyi Osundare, I so much liked it. Not My Business is far beyond a poem, a poem sculptured by a professional poetic artist which recalled a past experience. Niyi narrated the poem through the third and the first person point of view. As a Nigerian or anyone who has witnessed military oppression, the poem is an easy recap of unjust governance; where fundamental human rights are trampled upon_ no free movement, no free association, no freedom of speech, etc. Like a folk tale, the poem shows the implication of neighbors not standing up to assist their neighbour in need of help. The poem has a Nigerian setting as regards the the names of victims mentioned by the poem-speaker; Akanni (a Yoruba name) Danladi (a Hausa name) Chinwe (an Igbo name).

Few of the figures of speech in the poem are:
1) Simile is figure of speech in which one thing is compared to another, in the case of English generally using like or as. Example from the poem is "Beat him soft like clay" in line 2.
2) Refrain is a figure of speech that repeats a certain line or stanza in a literary work of art in order to create musical effect. Example from the poem is;
"What business of mine is it
So long they don’t take the yam
From my savouring mouth?"
3) Symbolism is a figure of speech that uses the representation of a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or qualities to represent such object. Example from the poem is Akanni, Danladi, and Chinwe which symbolized the three major ethnic groups in Nigeria. "a lengthy absence" in line 11 is a symbolic imagery which means a long imprisonment.
4) Metaphor is a figure of speech that uses a word or phrase to refer to something that it isn’t, invoking a direct similarity between the word or phrase used and the thing described, but in the case of English without the words like or as, which would imply a simile. Example from the poem is "A knock on the door froze my hungry hand" where knock at the door was compared to very cold weather.
5) Alliteration is the repetition of consonants at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals. Example from the poem is "hungry hand" "went to work" "sack for a stainless record".
6) Personification is a figure of speech, prosopopeia, in which an inanimate object or an abstraction is given human qualities. Example from the poem is "Only to find her job was gone" in line 16, "And stuffed him down the belly/ Of a waiting jeep" in lines 3-4.

The theme in the poem are:
1) Victimization; many lines of the poem shows how different poetic characters suffer different forms of injustices. Akanni beaten for no reason, Danladi jailed without due process, Chinwe suffered job insecurity.
2) Tyranny and dictatorship; all the acts of brutality in the poem are clear traits of a tyrant dictator. And following the context of the poem, the poet reminded the readers of the Nigerian military brutality (which has now become a once-upon-a-time story)
3) What goes around comes around; is also another theme of the poem which teaches the lesson of oneness and unity. Many victims in the poem suffered abuses because there is no unity among people of such country; everyone is living for himself/herself alone. When every others are brutalised, the poem-speaker felt unconcerned until he was brutalised as well.

READ MORE POETIC ANALYSIS >>>

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)









Sunday, May 8, 2016

Relate The Panic Of Growing Older By Lenrie Peters To A Stitch In TimeSaves Nine

A stitch in time saves nine, is an idiomatic expression which means that whatever needs to be done should be done immediately before it gets worsened, like a hole in a cloth that requires stitching but is not stitched; in later time, holes in such cloth will become nine.
The Panic Of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters is a poem where the poet is preoccupied with varying expected achievements that should accompany each stage of human adulthood. Lenrie Peters stated his observation between the age range of twenty (where worries of achievement is very mild) to the older stages of human adulthood (where worries of achievement is at the higher level).
As opinions may vary from person to person, naijapoets.com is of the opinion that the line 1-4 of the poem, suits the idiomatic expression that says: "a stitch in time saves nine"
"The panic/ of growing older/ spreads fluttering winds/ from year to year" which means that the panic, a person has towards his/her aging process will always increase year in year out; and according to the idiomatic expression, if such a person does not do what is expected of him/her at each stage of his/her adulthood, situations will pile up and get worsen.
Lenrie Peters says that "At twenty" a person is full of hope for "gigantic success" but starting from age thirty, it's a different ball game where such person will start developing unnecessary troubles that even laboratory tests won't detect. As hope does not level up with achievements, the panic increased the more the person remembers that humans have no certainty of living.
Lenrie Peters was born in the year 1932; he was a Gambian writer, poet, singer, broadcaster and a surgeon. He studied in Gambia, Sierra Leone and England.
He published his collection of poems titled Satellites in 1967. Though renowned for his poems, he has a novel to his credit titled The Second Round; he later died in the year 2009.

MUST  NOT MISS:-
>>>the Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters
>>>Preoccupation of Lenrie Peters in the Panic of Growing Older
>>>Relate the Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters to a Stitch in Time Saves Nine
>>>Factual Analysis of We Have Come Home by Lenrie Peters
>>>The Use of Imagery in We Have Come Home by Lenrie Peters
>>>Simple Summary of the Fence by Lenrie Peters
>>>Homecoming by Lenrie Peters

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)





Saturday, May 7, 2016

Analysis Of Freetown By Sly Cheney Coker

Cheney-Coker picked his pen and paper to write about how Africans are trying, in every form, to change their African color and race to something else. As a wise African poet, he began his poetry by showering praises on Africa while accepting the fact that he had been far away from home like the biblical prodigal son by comparing himself to a wandering Fulani cow:
"Africa I have long away from you
wandering like a Fulani cow
but every night
amidst the horrors of highway deaths
and the menace of neon-eyed gods
I feel the warmth of your arms
centrifugal mother reaching out to
your sons
but all calling you mother womb of
the earth" (from line 1-8).
From line 9, Sly Cheney-Coker generalized that Africans were living with differences_ not excluding himself. Though he didn't condemn civilisation but he felt it was part of the sins, Africans had committed. Part of the things he complained about were that he had been fond of travelling out of Africa, African ladies and women were bleaching their black skins to white, black African men were not living the African way; he put it like this "and I think of my brothers with ”black skin and white masks” ( I myself am one heh heh heh)". The poet's heart was so heavy because he could not describe Africa, the African way:
" my heart becomes a citadel of disgust
and I am unable to write the poem of your life
my creation haunts me behind the mythical dream
my river dammed by the poisonous weeds in its bed".
If you do not understand the structure of this poem "Freetown" by Sly Cheney-Coker, then let me try and table it based on my own understanding. The poem is not broken into stanzas, it has simple dictions wit

Friday, May 6, 2016

Analysis: To An Athlete Dying Young By A. E. Housman

One among the many well recognised poems of A. E. Housman is "To An Athlete Dying Young". The poem is an elegy mixed with antithesis to heighten the feeling of sympathy from the readers.
The detail of the poem is about an undisclosed athlete who died very young after few athletic victories. In the poem, it is seen that the same way the athlete was lifted "shoulder-high" during his victories was the same way he was lifted "shoulder-high" at his time of death. The poet is of the believe that to be showered with roses is better than to be worn with laurel; he also believes that the young athlete has made a very wise choice to have died very young when the eyes of the world was still on him, compared to those that outgrow their honours and watch their fame die before their eyes.
Except for the last stanza, the poem has five lines for each stanza and with clear end rhyme pattern of AABBCCDD. The comparison between dying young with fame and dying old with faded fame preoccupied Housman and made him write or compose the poem in a praise tone than sober or sorrowful. There are no much figuratives, imageries, alliterations: "road all runners"(line 5), "Townsman of a stiller town"(line 8), "silence sounds"(line 15), "fleet foot"(line 22), personification: "the name died before the man"(line 20), repetition: "shoulder-high", "runners", "town", "man".
Line 1-5, I remembered the time when everyone was full of cheer, they lifted you up, carried round the town for winning trophy for the town.
Line 5-10, smart boy, you've realized that athletic glories don't last so much long; now your remains is carried shoulder-high to your dwelling.
Line 11-15, a youthful laurel will surely wither faster than rose placed in a coffin, and a dead athlete will not have to agonize when his record his beaten.
Line 16-20, now that you're dead, you won't be part of those athletes who outlived the honours or the renowned athletes whose names died before they died.
Line 21-28, now you're laid with your laurel and your championship trophy for the public to see the hero you were.
According to wikipedia article, "A. E. Housman (Alfred Edward Housman 26 March 1859 – 30 April 1936), was an English classical scholar and poet, best known to the general public for his cycle of poems A Shropshire Lad. Lyrical and almost
epigrammatic in form, the poems wistfully evoke the dooms and disappointments of youth in the English countryside. Their beauty, simplicity and distinctive imagery appealed strongly to late Victorian and Edwardian taste, and to many early 20th-century English composers both before and after the First World War."

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying) 









Examine The Relationship Between Man And Nature In The Solitary ReaperBy William Wordsworth

Question:- Examine the relationship between man and nature in The Solitary Reaper.
Answer:- The poem by William Wordsworth; "The Solitary Reaper" is such that gives expression to the overwhelming influence that nature exercises on a romantic poet, especially William Wordsworth. The poem is about the attraction and effects the song from a farming lady had on the poet.
According to the question, "the relationship between man and nature" should be interpreted as "the relationship between human being and his or her environment". This can be viewed in two ways, the relationship between "the solitary reaper"(the lady farmer singing) and her environment, the relationship between the listener(William Wordsworth) and his environment.
Both the singer and Wordsworth(the listener) got united to nature(their present natural environment) with the beauty of music or musical melody. The solitary reaper used her singing to suppress all worries that were assumed by the poet in the context of the poem while the poet, on the other hand, show

Monday, May 2, 2016

Analysis Of Young Africa's Plea By Dennis Osadebay

Are you thinking of having a clearer idea of the poem "Young Africa's Plea" by Dennis Osadebay? Here isnaijapoets.com review regarding to the poem.
The poet:-
Dennis Osadebay is a Nigerian author, poet, and lawyer. He received his university education in the United Kingdom, where he was called to Bar. At a certain point, Osadebay was the Premier of the Mid-West Region of Nigeria.
The surface meaning:-
As the title of the poem suggests, the poem speaker is seen begging for his freedom of choice and his freedom of association. The is culturally inclined and somewhat relates to the issue of human race and difference in colour.
The poem speaker addresses some abstract subjects (the African rulers) warning them not to push his culture aside like something out-of-date in other "to suit" an alien culture. The poem speaker further pleads for the opportunity to be allowed to live with both culture on a balanced scale; believing that in such way he will "have untrammelled growth" and his friends will not regret he did leave with both culture because he will always keep them in the best part of his mind.
The Line-By-Line Summary:-
Line 1-3, you should not throw my culture, customs and believes into the bin like something expired so as to favor the colonialists customs.
Line 4-6, because such newly imbibed colonialists culture can never be better than mine.
Line 7-9, allow me to work with both customs and ideologies by managing the new culture with my African sense of reasoning.
Line 10-13, this way I'll easily be able to mingle and level up with the whole world and be a very better human.
Line 14-16, have you ever wondered why those who look down on me in public fear my strength in private of their hearts? It's because they know I have abilities and "I am no less a man"
Line 17-20, allow me this freedoms, and I'll make sure that my friends don't regret I'm living with two different cultural ideologies.
The Style, Preoccupation and Structure:-
Young Africa's Plea by Dennis Osadebay is another beautiful cultural poem. It gives in line with poems like Piano and Drums by Gabriel Okara, Anvil and the Hammer by Kofi Awoonor; what differentiated this poem is that it begs for the opportunity to live with both cultures amicably. It has a simple style and the dictions are very easy to understand. Dennis Osadebay was so preoccupied with the fear of loosing the values in his African culture to the European culture and from the second person point of view, he begged to be allowed the privilege to live with both cultures than favoring one for the other. The poem is structured with no specific end rhyme pattern or rhythm. It is a straight single stanza poem of 20 lines that flow from head down to toe.
The Figures of Speech:-
It is no doubt that poetic devices are one among the flavors of any good poem and this poem has loads of beautifying figures of speech. "Let me" is a repetition in the poem used to emphasize the mood of the poem, there as well, there is a simile in line 2, "As some fine curios", imageries, symbolisms "white historians" which implies the European colonialists and the "black man" which implies an African, plenty of alliterations; line 7, 8, etc.
Few words in the poem to be explained are:-
1) curios in line two, they are things which serve as a reminder of the past.
2) tastes in line three, means likings.
3) talents in line thirteen, means the natural abilities.
4) untrammelled growth in line seventeen, the opportunity to develop without restraints of any kind.
The Themes:-
The theme of cultural differences, where the poets doesn't deny the usefulness of the new culture but requests the two be used together to make him a better man. The theme of friendship, where the poets aims his actions towards things that will gladden his friends and make them proud of him. The theme of colonialism and volatility of African leadership in such era: "Don't preserve my customs/ As some fine curios/ To suit some white historian's tastes" (line 1-3)
The Poem:-
Don't preserve my customs
As some fine curios
To suit some white historian's tastes.
There's nothing artificial
That beats the natural way,
In culture and ideals of life.
Let me play with the white man's ways,
Let me work with the black man's brains,
Let my affairs themselves sort out.
Then in sweet rebirth
I'll rise a better man,
Not ashamed to face the world.
Those who doubt my talents
In secret fear my strength;
They know I am no less a man.
Let them show their noble sides,
Let me have untrammelled growth.
My friends will never know regret
And I, never once forget.
Copyright © Dennis Osadebay, all rights reserved.
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)














Factual Analysis Of We Have Come Home By Lenrie Peters

The poem "We Have Come Home" by Lenrie Peters has the following issues in discussion: slavery, civilization, Africanism, etc. Some people believe that the poem is about some Africans who returned home to Africa after schooling in the overseas but frankly speaking, it's not (irrespective of how anybody coin it to resemble such).
Issue of slavery and the other aforementioned are very glaring in the poem. The act of slavery is truly a massacre of the soul and the survival for freedom is like a bloodless war. Even the poet or the poem speaker personified their tiny prisoners' cells to be like a human being full of pride for massacring many humans souls. They finally got their freedoms after the price for it has been paid "When we have asked/ What does it cost/ To be loved and left alone". On the issue of civilization, the poem speaker made the readers to realise that when they got back to Africa, they met environmental change which was still in its dawn but the change on ground was the doing of their slave masters who now parade their lands in military uniform (something the poet symbolized to be "The death march"). Let's look at the issue of Africanism in t<!--more-->he poem, there are sweet images of Africa, her customs and believes. "The gurgling drums/ Echo the stars/ The forest howls/ And between the trees/ The dark sun appear" and the superstitious African believe in the roaming of spirits "the thundering rain/ The famine the drought/ The sudden spirit/ Lingers on the road"
We have come home
From the bloodless wars
With sunken hearts
Our booths full of pride-
From the true massacre of the
soul
When we have asked
‘What does it cost
To be loved and left alone’
We have come home
Bringing the pledge
Which is written in rainbow
colours
Across the sky-for burial
But is not the time
To lay wreaths
For yesterday’s crimes,
Night threatens
Time dissolves
And there is no acquaintance
With tomorrow
The gurgling drums
Echo the stars
The forest howls
And between the trees
The dark sun appears.
We have come home
When the dawn falters
Singing songs of other lands
The death march
Violating our ears
Knowing all our loves and tears
Determined by the spinning
coin
We have come home
To the green foothills
To drink from the cup
Of warm and mellow birdsong
‘To the hot beaches
Where the boats go out to sea
Threshing the ocean’s harvest
And the hovering, plunging
Gliding gulls shower kisses on
the waves
We have come home
Where through the lightening
flash
And the thundering rain
The famine the drought,
The sudden spirit
Lingers on the road
Supporting the tortured
remnants
of the flesh
That spirit which asks no
favour
of the world
But to have dignity.
Copyright © Lenrie Peters

MUST NOT MISS:-
>>>the Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters
>>>Preoccupation of Lenrie Peters in the Panic of Growing Older
>>>Relate the Panic of Growing Older by Lenrie Peters to a Stitch in Time Saves Nine
>>>Factual Analysis of We Have Come Home by Lenrie Peters
>>>The Use of Imagery in We Have Come Home by Lenrie Peters
>>>Simple Summary of the Fence by Lenrie Peters
>>>Homecoming by Lenrie Peters

    READ MORE POETIC ANALYSIS >>>

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)






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