Search Naijapoets Contents Here

Translate Naijapoets Content

Enter Niajapoets Classroom Free

Saturday, November 18, 2017

Discuss Kofi Awoonor's "The Anvil and the Hammer" As A Metaphor Of Two Cultures


Question:-

Discuss Kofi Awoonor's "The Anvil and the Hammer" As A Metaphor Of Two Cultures [NECO GCE NOV/DEC 2017]

Answer:-

“The Anvil and the Hammer” by Kofi Awoonor is a 21 line poem of free verse (void of end rhyme and static rhythms). Though the stanzas are unequal in length, the message of the poet is well digested with aid of carefully employed poetic recipes such as repetition “songs” “washed”, alliteration “tender and tenuous”, symbolism “the anvil and the hammer”, metaphor “sew the old days for us”, etc.

Human Cruelty On Birds And The Schoolboy In William Blake Poem

Question:

Give an account of various forms of human cruelty on birds and the schoolboy as depicted in William Blake's "The Schoolboy" [NECO GCE NOV/DEC 2017]

Answer:

“The Schoolboy” is a beautiful poem crafted by William Blake (1757-1827) to portray children’s perspective to formal education (i.e. classroom learning ). He tabled his thought through the voice of a certain schoolboy whose parents were so keen about the little boy’s acquisition of formal education, on the contrary, the little boy saw learning through nature (the things happening around) as the most suitable way of learning.

Blake even exaggerated the schoolboy’s outlook towards attending school_ pointing that the little boy likened the actions of his parents towards him to that of a bird kept in a cage. According to lines 21-30, the schoolboy also likened himself to things such as a shutting bud, a blossom flower, a summer season, etc; so as to justify that the action of his parents were rash.

There are so many themes in the poem “The Schoolboy” by William Blake; they are (i) freedom or freewill (ii) beauty of nature (iii) informal education is better than formal education (iv) parental control.

Monday, October 30, 2017

Analysis of They Too Are The Earth by Niyi Osundare



The Background 
"They too are the earth" is a poem addressing many factors such as poverty, inhumanity, inequality, neglect, etc. The poem speaker felt that if earth is truly for all, why has many lived as if they do not deserve to live on earth_ the beggars, the labourers (carrying heavy loads day and night), the victims of kidnap, the aged abandoned mothers, the scavenger kids, the wanderers, etc.


The Stanzas
In stanza one, the beggars begging by the filthy gutters, pedestrian shoes and halted vehicle tyres are also part of this earth. Stanza two pointed that the sweating muddy labourers that hew woods and hurl water all through the day are also part of this earth. (Stanza three) Many unfortunate souls kidnapped and kept in unknown undergrounds for rituals are part of this earth. (Stanza four) All the figdeting old women who are abandoned in villages are also part of this earth. The fifth stanza of the poem was crafted with the instrument of rhetorical questions inquiring: Are the lazy ones, the unambitious ones, the waif and stray part of this earth? And are the evil doers who thrive through destruction part of this earth?

Friday, October 20, 2017

Analysis of Unholy Marriage by David Holbrook

Analysis of Unholy Marriage by David Holbrook
naijapoets.com.ng
photo from telegraph,co,uk

ABOUT THE POET
The poem “Unholy Marriage” was written by David Holbrook who lived between 1923 and 2011. His career record showed he was more than a poet but a well-known academician. According to Wikipedia record, “From 1989 he was an Emeritus Fellow of Downing College, Cambridge.”

ABOUT THE POEM
The poem narrated an evening vehicle accident that took the life of a careful virgin girl. Though a virgin she was but ironically in what looked like "Unholy Marriage" or "Unwilling Marriage" her virtuous body was compressed with that of a strange man when a truck collided with the vehicle she boarded causing both their "blood and brain and bone" to mix while their naked bodies were pieced everywhere so hard to recognise. The poem speaker then blamed and mocked the girl for her own misfortune; she was blamed for not realizing how senseless and insensible vehicles had always been, and she was mocked for trading her pleasurable youthfulness for abstinence which had never assured anyone certainty of reward.

[ Similar poem is Analysis Of A Taxi Driver On His Death By Timothy Wangusa ]


STRUCTURED AND STANZA SUMMARY 
Unholy Marriage is a seven stanza poem with a regular end rhyme scheme. Narrated from a third person point of view, each stanza is six lines in count with perfect imageries and simple diction. The events of the poem set at a foggy night and were climatic, flowng as follows: In stanza one, she was a very well nurtured virgin lady who had never shared "Cool soft anointment of her breasts". In stanza two, she would have been so sweet in bed_ imagining her bridegroom sweating while receiving the benediction of her breasts_ yes, because she truly kept herself for the best. In stanza three, the piece of her body are gathered like blown sheets of papers. In stanza four and five, she failed to realise "No wheel has built-in sense, she shared a vehicle seat with a strange man and suddenly like unholy marriage, her virgin blood mixed with that of a stranger. Stanza six and seven go thus:

"Anointed only by the punctured oil
poured like unleashed wind or fire from bag
Sold by some damned magician out to spoil
The life that girded in this young girl's breast,
Now never to unfurl her flag
And march love's happy quest.

Her mother hears the clock; her sighs,
Takes off his boots: she's late tonight 
I hope she's careful virgin: men have eyes
For cherished daughters growing in the breast.
Some news? They hear the gate.
A man comes: not the best."

THEMES AND POETICS
The poem has the following themes_ Death, Virginity, Accident, Uncrtainty, etc. Death cannot be ruled out of the journey of earthly living because uncertainty is one among the limitations in mortal beings, the poet saw virginity as an expensive foolishness and that was his reason for mocking the virgin girl who lost her lost not only her life but her virginity to a terrible vehicle accident.

CONTINUE READING >>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma Samuel aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo With Wings Flying)

Saturday, October 7, 2017

Analysis of Fame Is A Food That Dead Men Eat by Henry Austin Dobson

this photo is from wikimedia,org

About The Poet

“Fame Is A Food That Dead Men Eat” is a poem written by Henry Austin Dobson, an English poet and critic. According to Wikipedia article, Dobson was born in Plymouth on the 19th of January, 1840. It is noted that he decided to focus on literature around 1864_ creating splendid poetry and prose. He was responsible for the first original ballade written in English language. He died on the 2nd of September of 1921.

Denotation

Here, in the poem titled “Fame Is A Food That Dead Men Eat”, two important elements are juxtaposed; fame and friendship. In the poet’s debate, he clearly chose a side_ picking friendship over fame. Looking at both, fame in most cases attracts huge friendship though most friendship attained outside of fame are more cordial and long lasting than that which fame brought. This is probably the reason why the poem speaker denied fame as uttered in line 2 of the poem:  “I have no stomach for such meat”.

Sunday, October 1, 2017

Analysis of The Companion by Yevgeny Yevtushenko


Picture from ohehs.org
SUMMARY OF THE POEM
The battle was very tense and near the clinkers of the rail was a little girl named Katya, "sitting on the rough embankment" wearing a hat bigger than her head. She was nine years of age and we were "cut off from our grandmothers/ while the Germans were dive-bombing the train". I could not stand the idea of leaving her behind yet did not know what to do with her "but doubt quickly dissolved to certainty" as the sounds of exlosion were no longer at close range.

Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Analysis Of Hurrah For Thunder by Christopher Okigbo

the photo is from a youtube video
Hurray For Thunder is a classic African poem written by Christopher Okigbo, born 1930 but waved goodbye to this cruel earth in the year 1967 as a result of murder. He was a Nigerian poet and author. This day, he makes the list of Nigerian poets who died fighting for the masses such as Ken Saro Wiwa (see poetic analysis about Ken Saro Wiwa). The poem "Hurray for Thunder" is a political poem which led the poet to the use of symbols to paint his messages. Relating the context of the poem to the poet's time of death, it is clear that the poem subject around the leadership in Nigeria around 1960-1966. Okigbo was of the believe that the government of the time was unfair with the distribution of the national wealth.

Whatever happens to the elephant, let's give praise to the thunder; though the elephant is a very mighty animal, its threads are mortal to everything most especially the grasses. Now that the elephant has fallen dead, let's give praise to the thunder that announced the fall of the mighty elephant because the hunters are already sharing the meet without considering the thunder that played a vital part.

[Another poem about Elephant: Poetic Devices In Salute To The Elephant By Solomon Adeboye Babalola]


Empty promises are worthless, considering what will be the future outcome of the sharing. "The eye that looks down will surely see the nose/ The finger that fits should be used to pick the nose" so let the meat be properly shared accordingly. Okay, Okigbo, the town-crier, it time to keep your mouth shut or be put into troubles for this your advice.

The poet seemed like spoke in parable in his attempt to advice some certain group of people. The whole mentioned in the poem are symbols for instance "thunder" "elephant" "hunter" "meet" "grasses" .because of the danger associated with speaking directly to the group which brought the fearful tone used by the poet at the end of the poem:
"If I don’t learn to shut my mouth I’ll soon go to hell,
I, Okigbo, town-crier/ together with my iron bell."

The line 4-5 "With a wave of the hand/ He could pull four trees to the ground;" is a personification where the elephant is give hand like humans. The line 15, "Today-for tomorrow, today becomes yesterday" is a paradox. The line 16 "How many million promises can ever fill a basket..." is a rhetorical question.
Continue Reading >>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Friday, September 22, 2017

Analysis of A Description of A City Shower by Jonathan Swift

the pics is taken from wallpaperscraft website

Naijaoets.com.ng has analyzed some poems relating to London and the poem "A Descrition of A City Shower" is another instance of classic poems written about London. The poet described the messy state of his city during the rainy season. The mental images painted in the poem might not match the present day London but it gave the readers a clear view of what London was in the year 1710 when the poem was crafted by the poet, Jonathan Swift.The poem divided into multi-stanzas has its summary shown that when its about to rain, their would be a heavy cloud, a thicker odious environment and the cats will be seen so moody, and the poet's advice to stay at with wine than attempt to go for a diner (according to the first stanza of the poem which has a total of twelve lines). 

What follows is the effect of the rain on the people around_ running here and there to hide from the rain: 
"To Shops in Crouds the daggled Females fly (which is metaphor)
Pretending to cheapen Goods, but nothing buy
The Templer spruce, while ev'ry Spout's a-broach (the templer: law student from Temple, London)
Stays till 'tis fair, yet seems to call a Coach. (alliteration found in the line)
The tuck'd-up Semptstress walks with hasty Strides
While Streams run down her oil'd Umbrella's Sides
Here various Kinds by various Fortunes led (various is repeated, Kind = people, Fortunes = ambitions)
Commence Acquaintance underneath a Shed."

From the above quote, the rain changed the course of humans intentions which led to most of them acting wierd and fake; many who wouldn't have been friendly force started friendly conversations with other fellows camped by the sudden rain under a tiny roof, ladies run into shops are seen making enquiries about products they wouldn't buy, the students kept calling the cabs but not with the intention of leaving unless the rain stops, the dressmaker was working hasty under her umbrella as if she would be late for a certain appointment (according to the third stanza of the poem). The fourth stanza is an end-rhyming lines of eleven in total. It gave a detailed description of the flood; its smelly nature, how it navigated its ways through the city (They, as each Torrent drives, with rapid Force/ From Smithfield, or St Pulchre's shape their Course/ And in huge Confluent join at Snow-Hill Ridge/ Fall from the Conduit prone to Holborn-Bridge), and how the flood swiftly travel with any helpless things that fall into its path (examples seen in the poem are "Drown'd Puppies", "stinking Sprats", "Dead Cats", "Turnip-Tops").


The author of Gullivers Travels, Jonathan Swift lived between 30th November, 1667 and 19th October, 1745. He was born in Republic of Ireland and did attend University of Oxford. Swift, during his lifetime was known as a poet and Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin among other things. 
Continue Reading>>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aks samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Analysis Of Profit And Loss By Sly Cheney-Coker


Profit and Loss

For Ken Saro-Wiwa

"Benevolent Gods, you honeyed tongues!
You give us gifts to pass on to our children:
Good genes, moral convictions, a passion
for the arts and a curiosity about the mysteries
of the planets. In the great depths of oceans
your splendid hands touch us, we watch the shark's
cunning, giant whales breathe fire!

But other Gods, contemptuous of us,
with a knowledge of how spendthrift
we shall become, have given us the lure of gems,
lush perishables of wildlife and forests,
and deltas where the soul drowns in oil:
Curses to men and women who, freelancing
in every known vice, tempted your hands
until you threw them out of paradise!"
©Copyright: Sly Cheney-Coker.

Profit and Loss is a Sly Cheney-Coker's poem written in memory of Ken Saro-Wiwa (a Nigerian poet and activist who lived from 1941-1995. His death came as a result of fighting against the encroachment in his homeland; the Ogoniland). Sly Cheney-Coker is a Sierra Leonean poet and teacher who stepped off his mother's womb on the 28th of June in the year 1945.

[It must be noted that naijaoets.com.ng has endeavor to post some poetic analysis which are as interesting as the poem titled "Profit and Loss" and here are five exampples: (1)Analysis of When This Carnival Finally Closes , (2)Analysis of Living Is A Fire, (3)Analysis of Ololu: Egungun, (4)Analysis of Living Ancient , (5)Analysis of In Bazaars of Hyerabad ]

The poem speaker juxtaposed two gifts which are the marvelous gifts from Gods to human beings and the mineral resources. The first stanza is absolute profit to human beings The use of "Gods" in the poem a symbols where in stanza 1, any unseen forces that control the affairs of human are referred to as "Gods" while "Gods" in stanza 2, stood for land, oceans, and any other earthly elements that provide mineral resources for the benefits of mankind. The stanza 2 speaks of the mineral materials deposited for human benefits but human beings on the other hand misused those resources and turned the earth into many lands of oil spill because of their greeds and selfishness.

Not only that the poem is short (a mere two stanza poem_ total fifteen lines), the theme of the poem is quite simple as well. The first is the everlasting gift of God to man which is the ability to understand right from wrong. Another theme relates to how human greed backfires_ by siting the Niger Delta crude oil pollution as a meaningful illustration.

"Curses to men and women who, freelancing
in every known vice, tempted your hands
until you threw them out of paradise!"
The above quote which concludes the lines of the poem is a biblical allusion to the Adam and Eve evacuation off the Garden of Eden and the allusion was aimed at symbolizing human beings and their sinful traits.
Continue Reading>>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Monday, September 18, 2017

Analysis of The Moon by Robert Louis Stevenson

wikimedia image of Louis Stevenson and his family

THE POEM
“The moon has a face like the clock in the hall
She shines on thieves on the garden wall
On streets and fields and harbour quays
An d birdies asleep in the forks of the trees
The squalling cat and the squeaking mouse
The howling dog by the door of the house
The bat that lies in bed at noon
All love to be out by the light of the moon
But all the things that belong to the day
Cuddle to sleep to be out of her way
And flowers and children close their eyes
Till up in the morning the sun shall rise.”

[Other Interesting Poem To Read Is The Night Wind By Emily Bronte]

 THE POET AND PREOCCUPATION
Accoding to a wikipedia article about the poet, Robert L. Stevenson (1850-1894) was a Scottish poet and author; one among his famous book is Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. He was born in Edinburgh on the 13th of November, 1850 into the family of a Scottish lighthouse engineer named Thomas Stevenson.

The poet aims to remind us that there is time for everything on earth. Using the moon as the sample for  his illustration, the moon only appears at night with its own benefits which some living things he mentioned in the poem dimmed necessary to harness and enjoy while others deny themselves of the moon in order to attain their needed night rest.

THE DEEPER ANALYSIS
The dominant devices in the poem are sibilance and onomatopoeia (squalling, squeaking and howling in lines 5-6) but the presence of the moon was well appreciated by the poet that he compared it appearance with the use of simile to a clock on the wall whose impact are felt through the streets and fields and harbours. “Birdies asleep in the forks of trees” is a line in the poem that contained assonance in attempt to describe the tree creatures enjoyed the moon while “howling dog by the door” contained alliteration. “The bat that lies in bed at noon” is a hyperbole exaggerating the state of the bat in their comfort zones. “Flowers and children close their eyes” is not only a personification but a zeugma where the verb “close” is used for both “flowers” and “children” that share no direct relationship.

[Must Read: Analysis Of Vultures By Simon Pederek ]


This straight single verse poem has a total of 12 lines with end rhymes in couplet form. It possessed a very simple diction, a very calm tone in a relaxed mood. And the subject clearly declared the poem’s place of occurrence which is under a full moon. The moon whose face is like the “clock in the hall” is seen performing some nightly obligation such as securing the environment which the poet referred to as “shines on thieves on the garden wall”. The birdies, the squalling cat, the squeaking mouse, the howling dog, the bat are all glad to see the moon shine on them but most things active during the day_ flowers and children close their eyes sleeping to deny themselves the presence of the moon.

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)


Analysis of Wind by Ted Hughes

The Image of Ted Hughes is from BrainPickings.org
                                                        
THE POET: Ted Hughes, the husband of Sylvia Plath, lived bewteen 1930 and 1998. He was an English poet also known for writing content that fits the children category.

THE POEM BACKGROUND: Hughes particular sailing experience is shared in the poem titled “Wind” though the word related to travelling was never seen in the poem (a prove that Ted Hughes is a very talented writer) but the mental images and repeated use of “Wind” in the poem tells the reader there was a journey going on. The first stanza had scenes of night time, while the second stanza was in the morning, there was also seedy scene to prove that the events in the poem were in motion_ take for example the forth stanza:
“The fields quivering, the skyline a grimace,
At any second to bang and vanish with a flap:
The wind flung magpie away, and a black”

SUMMARY: In the first stanza, the poet sailed through the wet rainy night with a fierce wind. The poem still portrayed the heaviness of the wind in the second stanza of the poem though it was already daytime and sun created an orange sky. In the third stanza, the poem speaker strolled around the ship at noon but the fifth and the last stanza showed Hughes state of relationship with his companion (a fellow traveller).

SETTING AND DICTION: The diction is simple and the setting is in the ship or referrably on the sea, sailing.

THE CATEGORY OF THE POEM:  It falls under travel based on the fact that the events in the poem detailed the poet’s sailing experience but from another angle, the poem belongs to nature where many natural things are given attention; the wind which at a point in the poem was considered stampeding, the hills which were booming, the sky which was also referred as orange, etc.  It is important to also note that the poem reveals the supremacy of the inanimate over the animates with the wind (the inanimate) tormented the poet (the animate) and another classic poem that glorifies the inanimate over the animate is “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats where the urn held love far longer than two lovers who’s love are easily vanished by death.

THE MESSAGE IN THE POEM: The message of the poem is traced to the title “Wind” as it is mentioned multiple times in the poem “Wind stampeding the fields under the window” as seen in line three of the poem, “Through the brunt wind that dented the balls of my eyes” in line eleven of the poem, “The wind flung a magpie away, and a black” in line fifteen. So many factors called for the title of the poem and the first remains the impact it had on the journey. The second is how the wind influenced the poets relationship with his accompanied traveller as seen in the fifth stanzas of the poem “In chairs, in front of the great fire, we grip/ Our hearts and cannot entertain book, thought/ Or each other.”

[ Don't Miss: Deep Analysis Of Lullaby By W H Auden ]

THE FIGURES OF SPEECH: I try look through the poet’s choice of beautifying words and I felt like the line 20-21 have a zeugma where the word “entertain” seems overused “...cannot entertain book, thought/ Or each other”. Others are “This house” in line one is a synecdoche used for representing the whole ship, “the stones cry out” is a personification, “wind wielded” is an alliteration, “orange sky” is a symbolism for a sunny afternoon, “flexing like the lens of a mad eye” is a simile, “burnt wind” is an oxymoron, “blade-light” is an imagery.

Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry

(the Leo with wings flying)

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Analysis of A Name In The Sand by Hannah Flagg Gould




Overview Of The Poem
"A Name in the Sand" is a poem written named Hannah Flagg Gould, an American poet and the daughter of an American soldier. According to bartleby article, she was "Born in Lancaster, Mass in1789 but died at Newburyport, Mass in1865". The poem is about humans' futile efforts on earth. The poem spoke on the subject via a first person singular point of view_ by using herself as an character in the poem. Hannah felt that her works on earth might be easily forgotten but her sole motivation was that God would forever keep her earthly track records (either good or bad).

[You Must Not Miss Analysis of Enterprise by Nissim Ezekiel  ]

I was walking alone at the shore then stooped and wrote my name, the date and the year in the sand with the pearly shell in my hand. After I took just a stride, I looked back and saw a wave swiftly washed my handwriting away (says stanza one). The I thought in my mind that soon the wave of dark unknown sea will wash my handwriting on the sand of time away; leaving no track nor trace (says stanza two). But with God I have a lasting record of my deeds on earth which are both of glory and of shame (says stanza three).

Other vital points in the poem are:
(1) "One lingering look behind I cast" has alliteration.
(2) "Where I have trod the sandy shore/ Of time, and been, to be no more," has both assonance, alliteration and enjambment.
(3) It is a poem of 3 stanzas; 8 lines per stanza
(4) "For glory or for shame" is an antithesis.
(5) "And yet, with Him who counts the sands/ And holds the waters in his hands" has hyperbole, symbolism, end-rhyme and rhythm.
Continue Reading >>> 

Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Analysis of Evening Hymn by Richard Chenevix Trench


Evening Hymn is a poem written by Richard Chenevix Trench (1807-1886), an English poet born in Dublin; he was an Anglican Archbishop and lived with his wife and fourteen children in the church residence during his service years. Trench authored many anthologies and in one of his books appeared this poem titled "Evening Hymn". A poem that eulogized the evening time. Where the evening of each given day was likened to a bell that alerts every living things on earth (humans, plants and animals) about the greater thing ahead which is nighttime. The message of the evening time is always so universally understood by all.

[Have Read At The Close Of A Day by Thomas Hardy]

Whenever the birds and animals are seen rushing back to their nests and dens, such is a prove of evening time (line 1-4) and in such time, a sailor voyaging on the sea does fill his brain with the memory of his home ( line 5-8). Evening time is "a still and holy time!" (so says line 9 of the poem) because the twilight creates an image of what is used to happen only in dreams.

The structure of the poem is of single verse with patterned end rhyme scheme. "Beasts" in line 3 is a metonymy, "tearful memory of home" in line 6 is an imagery, "far-off barren foam" in line 8 is a metaphor, "sunset seems" in line 10 is an alliteration, "like a pathway to a clime" in line 11 is a simile.

There are two deeper messages in the poem which are (1) Evening is a powerful messenger (2) Home is the best place. In the opening line of the poem, the poet referred to evening as a bell that sounds aloud: "To the sounds of evening bells" and such sounds controled the actions of the birds, humans and other animals. It also goes far as affecting the emotion of the sea travellers. 
"...power to bring
Tearful memory of home
To the sailor wandering..."
The above excerpt from the poem shows how important home is to everyone including the sailor enjoying his ride through the wide sea.

Continue Reading >>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Analysis of The Golden Chalice by Sly Cheney-Coker

this image is from ohio university website


BACKGROUND OF THE POEM
Though it is prosaic in form, The Golden Chalice is a poem of seven stanzas written by Sly Cheney-Coker_ Sierra Leonean poet and educator whose great efforts in literature has earned many awards such as the Commomwealth Writer's Prize (Africa's Best Book Region). "The Golden Chalice" is a poem that addressed the suffering of the homeless and orpans in Sierra Leone which was as a result of the civil war that happen the country. 


[Read: Simple Summary of The Fence by Lenrie Peters]

SURFACE REVIEW
According to the first stanza, after it all, without glorious crown to show and the colonialists (the gem diggers) back to their base; the orphans are still feeling the scar. Then in the second stanza that says, "God, their last hope was your golden chalice." the poet felt the hope of the orphans. The orphans' sorrowful hearts impacted the earth "but a rogue leader sold their laurels to a thirsty desert, where a djinn swallowed them when no saints were watching". By the time the poem extends to stanza four, the suffering of the orphans was further personified as "cold breeze kissed their foreheads" yet Christ didn't come to their aids. They refused to give up; they remained dogged and "stubborn souls" Until they found happiness once again as the poem speaker threw his arms around them in stanza six; the poem speaker even compared himself to the river that enlivened the orphans:

"My soul was that river on whose fiery banks
the orphans sang relentlessly for their lost mother.
Now I am waiting for a songbird to come
in the morning with a trill from its golden voice to ease their pain,
as they return, gasping to that cup of Christ that is the river!"


DEEPER REVIEW
The Golden Chalice is a poem that sends out the message about the negative effects of war on children and the helpless orphans who turn overnight scavengers roaming the earth. The poet's voice is filled with the ills of the selfish war which was of no good to the people. He expressed his unhappiness by painting a clear image of the helpless orphans. In under-developed countries where the surge of poverty seem almost permanent couple with deep rooted corruption, it is very hard to address the plights of the homeless and the orphans which are victims of circumstances. The poet also tends to show that God takes longer time to intercede or intervene on the evil caused by humans inhumanity which the whole stanza two was about:

"Children of your creation, all, God, their last hope
was your golden chalice. Now it is bitter and inchoate,
even as they pray for your great presence.
Fervent believers all, they were singing those meandrous songs
that did not reach your ears: it was a ritual. Ah, the Wretched 
of The Earth- those not so very innocent children of Sierra Leone!". 

The poem is set in the poet's country and possesses imageries and enjambments. Other notable poetic recipes are "diadems of diamond" in line 1 which is alliteration, "breeze kissed their foreheads" in line 21 which is personification, "On a cloudy horizon, Christ sat watching their profuse deliriums" in line 25 which is a perfect example of imagery in the poem. 



Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying) 

Monday, September 4, 2017

Analysis Of Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock


Analysis of Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock

(1) Introduction:- In terms of the message from the poem, Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock shares similarity with the following classics: The World Is Much For Us by William Wordsworth, and Report To Wordsworth by Boey Kim Cheng. I will personally categorize the poem under life and living considering the varied setting of the poem which moved from archaic to the present era of ours.

[Readable: Overview Of Alone by Edgar Allan Poe]

(2) Background:- Five Ways To Kill A Man is a poem written by Edwin Brock (1927 - 1997) an English poet. The five stanza poem shows the following themes_ human wickedness, modern day atmospheric and ecological danger. Not only that the diction can easily be understood, it also embodies the common poetic devices such as metaphor, alliteration, personification, and the use of allusion to the Bible story of crucifixion.

(3) Vital Sources:- There are other external links that can also be of help;



(4) Overview:- The poet attempts to show his displease about many unspeakable acts of humans inhumanity to other humans. With the instrument of allusion, he showed the sympathetic Jesus Christ's crucifixion. he also revealed the epic wars of horses, swords and arrows. Followed by the modern destructive war which entailed the use of bomber jets. Brock was so keen about those insane act by arranging them one after the other in a timely order of occurrences. The five different ways to kill a man (as the title itself suggested), from the poet's perspective, four of the ways being cumbersome while the last one seems the easiest. He presented the five ways in the following forms: (1) Allusion to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. (2) The act of war with horses and swords. (3) The use of bombs and fighter jets for mass destruction. (4) The simplest way is to live in this modern era of immense environmental pollution.

Continue Reading >>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Tuesday, August 8, 2017

Analysis Of Phenomenal Woman By Maya Angelou


From Naijapoets' Perspective
The battle for male and female equality is been longer and longer than journey. And so is the battle for skin color equality which has devoured many decades and countless of centuries. Yet, such menace has not aged or waned in this present era because books and poetry still address the subject. A Google search will come up with countless poetry about inequality such as "In Discrimination" by Gajanan Mishra, "The Damage of Discrimination" by John Westlake, "Discrimination" by Adelaide Rhead, just to mention few.

What Is The Summary of Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou?
In the poem, "Phenomenal Woman" by Maya Angelou, the poet successfully trampled upon racial and gender inequalities by portraying herself as an immunity. Angelou, in the poem, boastfully painted herself as an unavoidable commodity_ seeing her beauty with Shakespearian eye "Beauty is even more than skin deep”, she saw here carriage far better than the fashion models and described her waist and strike as mesmerizing. The poem is a free verse dominated with refrains and repetition of lines and phrases such as the reoccuring use of of "I say". Other poetic devices are "the sun of my smile" in line 39 is an alliteration, "it in the click of my heels" in line 52 is an assonance and "A hive of honey bee" in line 20 is both metaphor and alliteration.


Are You Keen To Have Comprehensive Knowledge of Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou?
The truth remains that if you are deeply hungry to have overall understanding of the poem, then you will have it. Reading this analysis will be the link between you and the understanding of the poem because other useful sources are listed below:
  1. There is Audio Analysis at Mypo Blog, if you like to listen.
  2. If you're a fan of visual analysis then I'm certain that you will enjoy the prezi's Analysis of Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou
  3. Poetryfoundation has the perfectly written and error-free Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou
  4. There's also a YouTube video title: Interpretation of Poem Phenomenal Woman 
  5. The quiz: Phenomenal Woman by Maya Angelou
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Monday, August 7, 2017

All Poetic Analysis On This Website Are Listed Below:-

Sunday, August 6, 2017

Analysis Of Enterprise By Nissim Ezekiel


How To Understand Enterprise by Nissim Ezekiel
In the poem, Enterprise by Nissim Ezekiel, the poet created a unique symbolism where earthly endeavour is an enterprise (a very complex project). Metaphorically, humans are pilgrims on a pilgrimage. The sequence of the poem flow where human journey starts with delight, then weariness sets in, followed by disagreement and separation in terms of earlier set goals. Now that you know the deeper message of the poem, at the surface, the poet narrated the journey of a set of people through an undisclosed desert not excluding himself since the use of first person singular is obvious in the poem_ take line 19 as an instance “I tried to prey”.

Wikipedia says and I, “Nissim Ezekiel was an Indian Jewish poet, actor and playwright. He was a foundational figure in postcolonial Indian history, especially for Indians writing in English.”

Sunday, July 30, 2017

Analysis Of Breaking Out By Marge Piercy


Looking through the poem, will I be damn correct to conclude the feeling of justification in the poet's mood?

Well, either you consider the above a rhetorical question or not, naijapoets.com is willing to analyze the poem further. In life, one of the though decisions to make is to break out of something or somewhere because it requires more efforts and planning not excluding teamwork in some cases_ just like in the case of Michael Scofield in the TV drama title "Prison Break". It took Andy a very solid and brave plan to break out in the movie titled "Shawshank Redemption" where he used a chess piece called Queen to dip through the prison wall.

Breaking Out is a poem written by Marge Piercy; an American poet and author born the 31st of March, 1936. She is considered one among the authors of feminism with many books to her credit. Her book "Gone To Soldiers" made the list of New York Times Best Sellers (it's worth mentioning though this present era has gone pass the craziness of Best Sellers tag)

The poet shared her childhood experience (not a pleasant one though). One of the things that children disliked in their tender ages is chores irrespective of the gender_ boy or girl. Marge Piercy, in this poem "Breaking Out", showed her childhood dislike for chores from a feminine point of view. She saw it as one of the most unfair things to the female gender by sympathising with her laborious "...mother removing daily/ the sludge the air lay down like a snail's track".

She further explained her mother's plight metaphorically in stanza four:
"so that when in school i read of Sisyphus
and his rock, it was her I
thought of, housewife scrubbing
on raw knees as the factory rained ash."

To further justify her hatred for chores, she pointed at the unwilling mangle that helplessly does ironing, an upright vacuum complaining via deflated sighs while the two opened doors gossip and mock them. As seen in the poem, the laziness of the poet was always corrected with beating.

In the semifinal stanza of the poem, the poet "broke out" by putting an end to the punishment of evading chores and referred to her victory as a power gained than a tale of innocence lost:
"When I was eleven, after a beating
I took the ruler and smashed it to kindling.
Fingering the splinters I could not believe.
How could this rod prove weaker than me?
It was not that i was never again beaten
but in destroying that stick that had measured my pain
the next day i was an adolescent, not a child."

What are other things of note? The setting which is home, the theme which are the children dislike for chores, and the inferiority of the female to the male gender. The poem is a free verse of nine stanzas written with the first person singular point of view_ the repeated use of "I". The stanza six is simile filled "When I had been judged truly wicked
that stick was the tool of punishment,
I was beaten as I bellowed like a locomotive
as if noise could ward off blows." Other figures of speech are enjambments, "stuffed sausage bag" is both imagery and alliteration, "Sisyphus" is a metaphor.

There's Further Poetic Analysis >>>

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo With Wings Flying)

Friday, July 21, 2017

Analysis Of In The Bazaars Of Hyperabad By Sarojini Naidu

Is there any poem that embodies the four "P"s of marketing (The Marketing Mix)? The answer is yes.

I have been privileged to see many poems with commerce or selling as its main subject but none has been so complete as Sarojini Naidu's poem titled "In The Bazaars of Hyderabad".

This poem by Sarojini Naidu is a gem crafted out of the tools of imageries and rhetorical questions. "What do you sell, O ye merchants?" in line 2, "What do you play, O ye musicians?" in line 22, and many other questions portray varying ongoing activities in that mystery market. Sarojini Naidu is one of the notable voice in Indian literature; also referred to as the Nightingale of India, she lived from 1879 to 1949.

Saturday, July 8, 2017

Analysis Of Alone By James Joyce

                                      
Alone by James Joyce
photo from:- comicvine.com
This is a simple 8 line poem sending the message of nightly beauty in her calmness and the importance of having a companion. It sets at night near a lake, Joyce divided the poem into 2 equal stanzas of 4 lines each and well arranged with intersecting rhyme scheme_ the first stranza described the appearance of the lake as caused by the clouded moon. While in the second stanza, the emotion of the poet was revealed as of “...delight/ A swoon of shame.”
  • “The noon’s greygolden meshes make (the moon is referred to as greygolden)
  • “All night a veil” (means the community was covered with darkness as veil)
  • “The shorelamps in the sleeping lake” (lake which the poet personified has a light reflection from its shore and a plant trailing in)
  • “And all my soul is a delight” (‘soul’ is a metonymy in place of body and ‘delight’ for romantic feeling)
  • “A swoon of shame” (the line has alliteration with the “s” sound. ‘swoon’ = infatuation, ‘shame’ = unworthy)
  • James Joyce was an Irish novelist and poet who lived between 1882 and 1941.
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry

(the Leo With Wings Flying)

Friday, July 7, 2017

Analysis Of Sonnet 3 By William Shakespeare

Analysis of Sonnet 3 by William Shakespeare



IMAGE FROM:- williamshakespeare.net

Naijapoets.com has been privileged to analyze Sonnet 18 by William Shakespeare to a reasonable detail. It is another fun to discuss Sonnet 3 from personal perspective. William Shakespeare was an English playwright, poet, and actor who lived between 1564 and 1616.
Line 1-2 advised the unmarried man to look straight into the mirror and assure himself the time has come to start a family. Line 3-4 if you sieve not this moment and provide yourself a heir, you have cheated the world. Line 5-6, is there any wife that will see delight in locking her womb to deny the husband of becoming father? Line 7-8 or is there any man that will disregard posterity because he loves to live alone and die alone? Line 9-10 you are your mother’s mirror and through your offspring she can enjoy the memories of being a nursing mother. Line 11-12 and through your offspring, you will be privileged to see this time again while in old age. Line 13-14 as you continue to live, remember not to die single else your legacy dies with you.
The major message in this poem deals with life, death, family and legacy_ Life goes on via the procreation process of birth and death being the normal chain of life. From the context of the poem, Shakespeare believed time is precious and must be grabbed at the right moment else will be gone forever.
Continue Reading >>>
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo With Wings Flying)

Wednesday, July 5, 2017

Analysis Of Ololu; An Egungun By Yetunde Esan

Ololu- an Egungun (Yetunde Esan)
Egungun (masquerade) is a very prominent aspect of the Yoruba because of the believe that the ancestors return once a year and live with their people for a short period. During the day time such a spirit_ an egungun_ disguises himself by covering his head and body. He visits his households and receives presents. In return he blesses those living and wish them well until his next return. There are diverse stories to support egungun’s emergence since there are different egunguns amidst the Yorubas and each with different character, costume, taboo to distinguish him from the other.


Some Yoruba language cultural writers have claimed that Ologbojo is the most reverend of the Egunguns while others give it not to him. In the case of Ololu, there is only one of its kind in the whole of Yorubaland. He must not be seen by women as he wears no disguise when parading the environment. Formally, any woman who sets eyes on him will die but today, such has been prevented by the sacrifice of goat before he goes out.

“Ololu- an Egungun” is a poem written by Yetunde Esan, a Nigerian writer and educator who at the time of this post resides in the United Kingdom based on the poet’s linkedin profile. “Ololu- an Egungun” was written when the author was a student of University of Ibadan.

The diction of the poem is very simple in the sense that imageries and repetitions have assisted the rendition.
The arrangement of events in the poem are two opposing ones where stanza 1-3 reveal the genuine Ololu and his power while 4-6 tells of the present day fabricated Ololu masquerade. Yetunde noted that in the past, Ololu must not be seen by women because of Ololu’s “Regalia” in line 6 which in summation are all that the egungun parades with such as charm, amulet, herb, or items having magical properties, the poet pointed that he “Must not be seen by a woman’s eye” and truly when the daughter broke the rule, she died on the spot. But the day she peeped to see for herself, she wished she was backed “In the good old days when/ Ololu was a semi-god/ With seven skulls”

The poem is cultural with the Yoruba community as its setting. Indirectly, Yetunde Esan expressed her sadness over the lost of true strength in African culture in terms of regards for the culture and its dwindled supernaturalism. Another message from the poem is the deep-rooted issue of gender inequality within African communities since men are superior to women. The 30 line poem has a lot of alliterations and imageries; where some of the noticeable alliterations are “Seven skulls” in line 1, “his heart, his head” in line 5, “And dropped down dead!” in line 15, “tall thin” in line 23, “plain pyjamas” in line 24, “I wished I were back” in line 26.

The images of sight are “Blood drained, wild eyed, a baleful look” in line 2, “Is steeped in the very devil’s blood” in line 7, “walked out once in full array” in line 12. Other figurative are assonance “out_ a great crowd” in line 21, “old days when Ololu was” in line 27. Repetition of “Ololu”, “I”, “skulls”, “back”, “blood”. Few of the family words in the poem are “man”, “men”, “head”, “skull”, “woman”, “daughter”, “girl”, “barefooted”, “bareheaded”.
Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry

(the Leo With Wings Flying)

--