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Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Analysis Of Hurrah For Thunder by Christopher Okigbo

the photo is from a youtube video
Hurray For Thunder is a classic African poem written by Christopher Okigbo, born 1930 but waved goodbye to this cruel earth in the year 1967 as a result of murder. He was a Nigerian poet and author. This day, he makes the list of Nigerian poets who died fighting for the masses such as Ken Saro Wiwa (see poetic analysis about Ken Saro Wiwa). The poem "Hurray for Thunder" is a political poem which led the poet to the use of symbols to paint his messages. Relating the context of the poem to the poet's time of death, it is clear that the poem subject around the leadership in Nigeria around 1960-1966. Okigbo was of the believe that the government of the time was unfair with the distribution of the national wealth.

Whatever happens to the elephant, let's give praise to the thunder; though the elephant is a very mighty animal, its threads are mortal to everything most especially the grasses. Now that the elephant has fallen dead, let's give praise to the thunder that announced the fall of the mighty elephant because the hunters are already sharing the meet without considering the thunder that played a vital part.

[Another poem about Elephant: Poetic Devices In Salute To The Elephant By Solomon Adeboye Babalola]


Empty promises are worthless, considering what will be the future outcome of the sharing. "The eye that looks down will surely see the nose/ The finger that fits should be used to pick the nose" so let the meat be properly shared accordingly. Okay, Okigbo, the town-crier, it time to keep your mouth shut or be put into troubles for this your advice.

The poet seemed like spoke in parable in his attempt to advice some certain group of people. The whole mentioned in the poem are symbols for instance "thunder" "elephant" "hunter" "meet" "grasses" .because of the danger associated with speaking directly to the group which brought the fearful tone used by the poet at the end of the poem:
"If I don’t learn to shut my mouth I’ll soon go to hell,
I, Okigbo, town-crier/ together with my iron bell."

The line 4-5 "With a wave of the hand/ He could pull four trees to the ground;" is a personification where the elephant is give hand like humans. The line 15, "Today-for tomorrow, today becomes yesterday" is a paradox. The line 16 "How many million promises can ever fill a basket..." is a rhetorical question.
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Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Friday, September 22, 2017

Analysis of A Description of A City Shower by Jonathan Swift

the pics is taken from wallpaperscraft website

Naijaoets.com.ng has analyzed some poems relating to London and the poem "A Descrition of A City Shower" is another instance of classic poems written about London. The poet described the messy state of his city during the rainy season. The mental images painted in the poem might not match the present day London but it gave the readers a clear view of what London was in the year 1710 when the poem was crafted by the poet, Jonathan Swift.The poem divided into multi-stanzas has its summary shown that when its about to rain, their would be a heavy cloud, a thicker odious environment and the cats will be seen so moody, and the poet's advice to stay at with wine than attempt to go for a diner (according to the first stanza of the poem which has a total of twelve lines). 

What follows is the effect of the rain on the people around_ running here and there to hide from the rain: 
"To Shops in Crouds the daggled Females fly (which is metaphor)
Pretending to cheapen Goods, but nothing buy
The Templer spruce, while ev'ry Spout's a-broach (the templer: law student from Temple, London)
Stays till 'tis fair, yet seems to call a Coach. (alliteration found in the line)
The tuck'd-up Semptstress walks with hasty Strides
While Streams run down her oil'd Umbrella's Sides
Here various Kinds by various Fortunes led (various is repeated, Kind = people, Fortunes = ambitions)
Commence Acquaintance underneath a Shed."

From the above quote, the rain changed the course of humans intentions which led to most of them acting wierd and fake; many who wouldn't have been friendly force started friendly conversations with other fellows camped by the sudden rain under a tiny roof, ladies run into shops are seen making enquiries about products they wouldn't buy, the students kept calling the cabs but not with the intention of leaving unless the rain stops, the dressmaker was working hasty under her umbrella as if she would be late for a certain appointment (according to the third stanza of the poem). The fourth stanza is an end-rhyming lines of eleven in total. It gave a detailed description of the flood; its smelly nature, how it navigated its ways through the city (They, as each Torrent drives, with rapid Force/ From Smithfield, or St Pulchre's shape their Course/ And in huge Confluent join at Snow-Hill Ridge/ Fall from the Conduit prone to Holborn-Bridge), and how the flood swiftly travel with any helpless things that fall into its path (examples seen in the poem are "Drown'd Puppies", "stinking Sprats", "Dead Cats", "Turnip-Tops").


The author of Gullivers Travels, Jonathan Swift lived between 30th November, 1667 and 19th October, 1745. He was born in Republic of Ireland and did attend University of Oxford. Swift, during his lifetime was known as a poet and Dean of St. Patrick's Cathedral in Dublin among other things. 
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Enunwa Chukwudinma S aks samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Wednesday, September 20, 2017

Analysis Of Profit And Loss By Sly Cheney-Coker


Profit and Loss

For Ken Saro-Wiwa

"Benevolent Gods, you honeyed tongues!
You give us gifts to pass on to our children:
Good genes, moral convictions, a passion
for the arts and a curiosity about the mysteries
of the planets. In the great depths of oceans
your splendid hands touch us, we watch the shark's
cunning, giant whales breathe fire!

But other Gods, contemptuous of us,
with a knowledge of how spendthrift
we shall become, have given us the lure of gems,
lush perishables of wildlife and forests,
and deltas where the soul drowns in oil:
Curses to men and women who, freelancing
in every known vice, tempted your hands
until you threw them out of paradise!"
©Copyright: Sly Cheney-Coker.

Profit and Loss is a Sly Cheney-Coker's poem written in memory of Ken Saro-Wiwa (a Nigerian poet and activist who lived from 1941-1995. His death came as a result of fighting against the encroachment in his homeland; the Ogoniland). Sly Cheney-Coker is a Sierra Leonean poet and teacher who stepped off his mother's womb on the 28th of June in the year 1945.

[It must be noted that naijaoets.com.ng has endeavor to post some poetic analysis which are as interesting as the poem titled "Profit and Loss" and here are five exampples: (1)Analysis of When This Carnival Finally Closes , (2)Analysis of Living Is A Fire, (3)Analysis of Ololu: Egungun, (4)Analysis of Living Ancient , (5)Analysis of In Bazaars of Hyerabad ]

The poem speaker juxtaposed two gifts which are the marvelous gifts from Gods to human beings and the mineral resources. The first stanza is absolute profit to human beings The use of "Gods" in the poem a symbols where in stanza 1, any unseen forces that control the affairs of human are referred to as "Gods" while "Gods" in stanza 2, stood for land, oceans, and any other earthly elements that provide mineral resources for the benefits of mankind. The stanza 2 speaks of the mineral materials deposited for human benefits but human beings on the other hand misused those resources and turned the earth into many lands of oil spill because of their greeds and selfishness.

Not only that the poem is short (a mere two stanza poem_ total fifteen lines), the theme of the poem is quite simple as well. The first is the everlasting gift of God to man which is the ability to understand right from wrong. Another theme relates to how human greed backfires_ by siting the Niger Delta crude oil pollution as a meaningful illustration.

"Curses to men and women who, freelancing
in every known vice, tempted your hands
until you threw them out of paradise!"
The above quote which concludes the lines of the poem is a biblical allusion to the Adam and Eve evacuation off the Garden of Eden and the allusion was aimed at symbolizing human beings and their sinful traits.
Continue Reading>>>

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Monday, September 18, 2017

Analysis of The Moon by Robert Louis Stevenson

wikimedia image of Louis Stevenson and his family

THE POEM
“The moon has a face like the clock in the hall
She shines on thieves on the garden wall
On streets and fields and harbour quays
An d birdies asleep in the forks of the trees
The squalling cat and the squeaking mouse
The howling dog by the door of the house
The bat that lies in bed at noon
All love to be out by the light of the moon
But all the things that belong to the day
Cuddle to sleep to be out of her way
And flowers and children close their eyes
Till up in the morning the sun shall rise.”

[Other Interesting Poem To Read Is The Night Wind By Emily Bronte]

 THE POET AND PREOCCUPATION
Accoding to a wikipedia article about the poet, Robert L. Stevenson (1850-1894) was a Scottish poet and author; one among his famous book is Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. He was born in Edinburgh on the 13th of November, 1850 into the family of a Scottish lighthouse engineer named Thomas Stevenson.

The poet aims to remind us that there is time for everything on earth. Using the moon as the sample for  his illustration, the moon only appears at night with its own benefits which some living things he mentioned in the poem dimmed necessary to harness and enjoy while others deny themselves of the moon in order to attain their needed night rest.

THE DEEPER ANALYSIS
The dominant devices in the poem are sibilance and onomatopoeia (squalling, squeaking and howling in lines 5-6) but the presence of the moon was well appreciated by the poet that he compared it appearance with the use of simile to a clock on the wall whose impact are felt through the streets and fields and harbours. “Birdies asleep in the forks of trees” is a line in the poem that contained assonance in attempt to describe the tree creatures enjoyed the moon while “howling dog by the door” contained alliteration. “The bat that lies in bed at noon” is a hyperbole exaggerating the state of the bat in their comfort zones. “Flowers and children close their eyes” is not only a personification but a zeugma where the verb “close” is used for both “flowers” and “children” that share no direct relationship.

[Must Read: Analysis Of Vultures By Simon Pederek ]


This straight single verse poem has a total of 12 lines with end rhymes in couplet form. It possessed a very simple diction, a very calm tone in a relaxed mood. And the subject clearly declared the poem’s place of occurrence which is under a full moon. The moon whose face is like the “clock in the hall” is seen performing some nightly obligation such as securing the environment which the poet referred to as “shines on thieves on the garden wall”. The birdies, the squalling cat, the squeaking mouse, the howling dog, the bat are all glad to see the moon shine on them but most things active during the day_ flowers and children close their eyes sleeping to deny themselves the presence of the moon.

Enunwa Chukwudinma S aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)


Analysis of Wind by Ted Hughes

The Image of Ted Hughes is from BrainPickings.org
                                                        
THE POET: Ted Hughes, the husband of Sylvia Plath, lived bewteen 1930 and 1998. He was an English poet also known for writing content that fits the children category.

THE POEM BACKGROUND: Hughes particular sailing experience is shared in the poem titled “Wind” though the word related to travelling was never seen in the poem (a prove that Ted Hughes is a very talented writer) but the mental images and repeated use of “Wind” in the poem tells the reader there was a journey going on. The first stanza had scenes of night time, while the second stanza was in the morning, there was also seedy scene to prove that the events in the poem were in motion_ take for example the forth stanza:
“The fields quivering, the skyline a grimace,
At any second to bang and vanish with a flap:
The wind flung magpie away, and a black”

SUMMARY: In the first stanza, the poet sailed through the wet rainy night with a fierce wind. The poem still portrayed the heaviness of the wind in the second stanza of the poem though it was already daytime and sun created an orange sky. In the third stanza, the poem speaker strolled around the ship at noon but the fifth and the last stanza showed Hughes state of relationship with his companion (a fellow traveller).

SETTING AND DICTION: The diction is simple and the setting is in the ship or referrably on the sea, sailing.

THE CATEGORY OF THE POEM:  It falls under travel based on the fact that the events in the poem detailed the poet’s sailing experience but from another angle, the poem belongs to nature where many natural things are given attention; the wind which at a point in the poem was considered stampeding, the hills which were booming, the sky which was also referred as orange, etc.  It is important to also note that the poem reveals the supremacy of the inanimate over the animates with the wind (the inanimate) tormented the poet (the animate) and another classic poem that glorifies the inanimate over the animate is “Ode to a Grecian Urn” by John Keats where the urn held love far longer than two lovers who’s love are easily vanished by death.

THE MESSAGE IN THE POEM: The message of the poem is traced to the title “Wind” as it is mentioned multiple times in the poem “Wind stampeding the fields under the window” as seen in line three of the poem, “Through the brunt wind that dented the balls of my eyes” in line eleven of the poem, “The wind flung a magpie away, and a black” in line fifteen. So many factors called for the title of the poem and the first remains the impact it had on the journey. The second is how the wind influenced the poets relationship with his accompanied traveller as seen in the fifth stanzas of the poem “In chairs, in front of the great fire, we grip/ Our hearts and cannot entertain book, thought/ Or each other.”

[ Don't Miss: Deep Analysis Of Lullaby By W H Auden ]

THE FIGURES OF SPEECH: I try look through the poet’s choice of beautifying words and I felt like the line 20-21 have a zeugma where the word “entertain” seems overused “...cannot entertain book, thought/ Or each other”. Others are “This house” in line one is a synecdoche used for representing the whole ship, “the stones cry out” is a personification, “wind wielded” is an alliteration, “orange sky” is a symbolism for a sunny afternoon, “flexing like the lens of a mad eye” is a simile, “burnt wind” is an oxymoron, “blade-light” is an imagery.

Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry

(the Leo with wings flying)

Saturday, September 9, 2017

Analysis of A Name In The Sand by Hannah Flagg Gould




Overview Of The Poem
"A Name in the Sand" is a poem written named Hannah Flagg Gould, an American poet and the daughter of an American soldier. According to bartleby article, she was "Born in Lancaster, Mass in1789 but died at Newburyport, Mass in1865". The poem is about humans' futile efforts on earth. The poem spoke on the subject via a first person singular point of view_ by using herself as an character in the poem. Hannah felt that her works on earth might be easily forgotten but her sole motivation was that God would forever keep her earthly track records (either good or bad).

[You Must Not Miss Analysis of Enterprise by Nissim Ezekiel  ]

I was walking alone at the shore then stooped and wrote my name, the date and the year in the sand with the pearly shell in my hand. After I took just a stride, I looked back and saw a wave swiftly washed my handwriting away (says stanza one). The I thought in my mind that soon the wave of dark unknown sea will wash my handwriting on the sand of time away; leaving no track nor trace (says stanza two). But with God I have a lasting record of my deeds on earth which are both of glory and of shame (says stanza three).

Other vital points in the poem are:
(1) "One lingering look behind I cast" has alliteration.
(2) "Where I have trod the sandy shore/ Of time, and been, to be no more," has both assonance, alliteration and enjambment.
(3) It is a poem of 3 stanzas; 8 lines per stanza
(4) "For glory or for shame" is an antithesis.
(5) "And yet, with Him who counts the sands/ And holds the waters in his hands" has hyperbole, symbolism, end-rhyme and rhythm.
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Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Analysis of Evening Hymn by Richard Chenevix Trench


Evening Hymn is a poem written by Richard Chenevix Trench (1807-1886), an English poet born in Dublin; he was an Anglican Archbishop and lived with his wife and fourteen children in the church residence during his service years. Trench authored many anthologies and in one of his books appeared this poem titled "Evening Hymn". A poem that eulogized the evening time. Where the evening of each given day was likened to a bell that alerts every living things on earth (humans, plants and animals) about the greater thing ahead which is nighttime. The message of the evening time is always so universally understood by all.

[Have Read At The Close Of A Day by Thomas Hardy]

Whenever the birds and animals are seen rushing back to their nests and dens, such is a prove of evening time (line 1-4) and in such time, a sailor voyaging on the sea does fill his brain with the memory of his home ( line 5-8). Evening time is "a still and holy time!" (so says line 9 of the poem) because the twilight creates an image of what is used to happen only in dreams.

The structure of the poem is of single verse with patterned end rhyme scheme. "Beasts" in line 3 is a metonymy, "tearful memory of home" in line 6 is an imagery, "far-off barren foam" in line 8 is a metaphor, "sunset seems" in line 10 is an alliteration, "like a pathway to a clime" in line 11 is a simile.

There are two deeper messages in the poem which are (1) Evening is a powerful messenger (2) Home is the best place. In the opening line of the poem, the poet referred to evening as a bell that sounds aloud: "To the sounds of evening bells" and such sounds controled the actions of the birds, humans and other animals. It also goes far as affecting the emotion of the sea travellers. 
"...power to bring
Tearful memory of home
To the sailor wandering..."
The above excerpt from the poem shows how important home is to everyone including the sailor enjoying his ride through the wide sea.

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Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

Wednesday, September 6, 2017

Analysis of The Golden Chalice by Sly Cheney-Coker

this image is from ohio university website


BACKGROUND OF THE POEM
Though it is prosaic in form, The Golden Chalice is a poem of seven stanzas written by Sly Cheney-Coker_ Sierra Leonean poet and educator whose great efforts in literature has earned many awards such as the Commomwealth Writer's Prize (Africa's Best Book Region). "The Golden Chalice" is a poem that addressed the suffering of the homeless and orpans in Sierra Leone which was as a result of the civil war that happen the country. 


[Read: Simple Summary of The Fence by Lenrie Peters]

SURFACE REVIEW
According to the first stanza, after it all, without glorious crown to show and the colonialists (the gem diggers) back to their base; the orphans are still feeling the scar. Then in the second stanza that says, "God, their last hope was your golden chalice." the poet felt the hope of the orphans. The orphans' sorrowful hearts impacted the earth "but a rogue leader sold their laurels to a thirsty desert, where a djinn swallowed them when no saints were watching". By the time the poem extends to stanza four, the suffering of the orphans was further personified as "cold breeze kissed their foreheads" yet Christ didn't come to their aids. They refused to give up; they remained dogged and "stubborn souls" Until they found happiness once again as the poem speaker threw his arms around them in stanza six; the poem speaker even compared himself to the river that enlivened the orphans:

"My soul was that river on whose fiery banks
the orphans sang relentlessly for their lost mother.
Now I am waiting for a songbird to come
in the morning with a trill from its golden voice to ease their pain,
as they return, gasping to that cup of Christ that is the river!"


DEEPER REVIEW
The Golden Chalice is a poem that sends out the message about the negative effects of war on children and the helpless orphans who turn overnight scavengers roaming the earth. The poet's voice is filled with the ills of the selfish war which was of no good to the people. He expressed his unhappiness by painting a clear image of the helpless orphans. In under-developed countries where the surge of poverty seem almost permanent couple with deep rooted corruption, it is very hard to address the plights of the homeless and the orphans which are victims of circumstances. The poet also tends to show that God takes longer time to intercede or intervene on the evil caused by humans inhumanity which the whole stanza two was about:

"Children of your creation, all, God, their last hope
was your golden chalice. Now it is bitter and inchoate,
even as they pray for your great presence.
Fervent believers all, they were singing those meandrous songs
that did not reach your ears: it was a ritual. Ah, the Wretched 
of The Earth- those not so very innocent children of Sierra Leone!". 

The poem is set in the poet's country and possesses imageries and enjambments. Other notable poetic recipes are "diadems of diamond" in line 1 which is alliteration, "breeze kissed their foreheads" in line 21 which is personification, "On a cloudy horizon, Christ sat watching their profuse deliriums" in line 25 which is a perfect example of imagery in the poem. 



Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying) 

Monday, September 4, 2017

Analysis Of Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock


Analysis of Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock

(1) Introduction:- In terms of the message from the poem, Five Ways To Kill A Man by Edwin Brock shares similarity with the following classics: The World Is Much For Us by William Wordsworth, and Report To Wordsworth by Boey Kim Cheng. I will personally categorize the poem under life and living considering the varied setting of the poem which moved from archaic to the present era of ours.

[Readable: Overview Of Alone by Edgar Allan Poe]

(2) Background:- Five Ways To Kill A Man is a poem written by Edwin Brock (1927 - 1997) an English poet. The five stanza poem shows the following themes_ human wickedness, modern day atmospheric and ecological danger. Not only that the diction can easily be understood, it also embodies the common poetic devices such as metaphor, alliteration, personification, and the use of allusion to the Bible story of crucifixion.

(3) Vital Sources:- There are other external links that can also be of help;



(4) Overview:- The poet attempts to show his displease about many unspeakable acts of humans inhumanity to other humans. With the instrument of allusion, he showed the sympathetic Jesus Christ's crucifixion. he also revealed the epic wars of horses, swords and arrows. Followed by the modern destructive war which entailed the use of bomber jets. Brock was so keen about those insane act by arranging them one after the other in a timely order of occurrences. The five different ways to kill a man (as the title itself suggested), from the poet's perspective, four of the ways being cumbersome while the last one seems the easiest. He presented the five ways in the following forms: (1) Allusion to the crucifixion of Jesus Christ. (2) The act of war with horses and swords. (3) The use of bombs and fighter jets for mass destruction. (4) The simplest way is to live in this modern era of immense environmental pollution.

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Enunwa Chukwudinma S. aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings flying)

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