we Analysis Of To His Coy Mistress By Andrew Marvel ~ Naija Poets

ANALYSIS OF TO HiS COY MISTRESS BY ANDREW MARVELL (1621-1678)

The Introduction

The poem was written in an iambic tetrameter with a rhyme couplet. It told a story of a man in love with a very coy maiden who so cherished her virtue and unwilling to sacrifice it for romantic love or lust.

The man had to woo and persuade with reasons why they should fall in love and "roll all our strength and all our sweetness up into one ball and tear our pleasures with rough strife through the iron gates of life"

The Themes

There are (1) theme of romantic love or lust (2) theme of human mortality and its effect on beauty (3) them of time and its effect on human existence


First stanza of the poem was devoted to reveal the level of love the poem speaker had for the coy mistress "my vegetable love should grow/ vaster than empires and more slow" line 11 and 12. He further showed that his love for the coy mistress was not only because of her beauty "but thirty thousand to the rest / an age at least to every part/ and the last age should show your heart/ for lady, you deserve this state/ nor would I love at lower rate."


Human mortality and its effect on beauty was another theme in the poem. He revealed in the second stanza that when the coy mistress die without loving him, her beauty will turn to waste and her so cherished virtue " worms shall try/ and that long preserved virginity/ and your quaint honour turn to dust/ and ashes all my lust"


The theme of time and its effect on was evident in the poem. The poet or poem speaker made it known that time was something the had no control over "had we but world enough and time/ this coyness, lady were no crime" line 1 and 2. "But at my back I always hear/ time's winged chariot hurrying near" line 21 and 22.

The Figurative

Few of the figures of speech are:
Alliteration in line 2 "coyness, lady were no crime" in line 3 was "which way" in line 20 was "love at lower rate"

Allusion was in line 5 to line 10

Imageries seen in virtually all the lines of the poem gave the readers a clear knowledge of the message "in thy marble vault" line 26 of the poem " the grave is a fine and private place" in line 32 "than languish in his slow-chapped power" in line 40.

Metaphor in line 11 "vegetable love" comparing his love to vegetables growing. "Deserts of vast eternity" in line 24

Personification "before us lie deserts of vast eternity" "while the youthful hue sits on thy skin" And Simile in line 34 "on thy skin like morning dew".

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Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry
(the Leo with wings soaring)

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