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Analysis Of Living Is A Fire By Ben Okri loves to commence this analysis with the view of the poem's structure. A free verse in the sense that, the five stanzas don't rhyme nor maintain a similarity in line count per stanza. Note as well is that Ben Okri positioned each of his points of discuss in line with stanza break. The first and the last stanza are refrains of the same idea (life is simple but humans made life a difficult place for themselves). The stanza two which he chopped into thirteen lines discussed human inability to admit the pains they live through are self-made. The third verse of the poem pointed that love doesn't thrive where there is starvation and hopeless suffering, he portrayed such ideas through the child-parent bond. Humans' insatiable desire to acquire definitely lead to destruction, chaos and unrest; as said by the poet in stanza four below:
"Minor devastations preceding
Resonate the ineffable.
The mothers that wake
At the slightest sound
And the fathers that
Smoke all night
And the rest of us who are
Vigilantes from the demons
Of oppressed sleep
Find at dawn the clearest
Images of bewilderment.
Even the best things
Collapse beneath the weight
Of ignorance."

How To Understand The Anvil And The Hammer By Kofi Awoonor

The Detailed Overview of the Poem
The poem “The Anvil and the Hammer” is an African oriented poem not just because the poet (Kofi Awoonor) is an African but the subject in discuss is about Africans and their relationship with culture. The mixture of African culture with alien culture has remained like a wide spread disease within the Africa of today; the reasons stemming out of colonial impacts and haywire civilization. 

From the words of Williams Wordsworth, “poetry is an expression of man’s inner most feelings”. Quite undeniable truth such definition revealed because “The Anvil and The Hammer” by Kofi Awoonor did reflect the inner most feeling of the poet. Kofi Awoonor, in the poem, spoke of cultural clash within Africa which the poet also felt. Kofi’s active literary periods were between 1960s and 1970s; not far from the time of Ghana’s independence and the period most African countries gained their freedom from the shackles of the colonialists. No wonder the poetic messages of African poets such as Dennis Osadebay, Bernard Daddie, Gabriel Okara, Syl Cheney-Coker, David Rubadiri, revolved around subject similar to The Anvil and The Hammer by Kofi Awoonor. 

It is hard letting go of the poem’s message, even the millennium generation of poetry readers can still attest to the message passed across by the poet because the impact of foreign culture has highly overridden the African culture beyond the period Kofi crafted this poem (which was around late 1970s). For a comprehensive biography of Late Kofi Awoonor, suggests the visit to wikipedia website.

Analysis Of Dust Of Snow By Robert Frost

First of all, I marvel at how Robert Frost turned a mere complex sentence to a deep thought poem; seriously, Frost was a poetry genius.

If I'm to put this poem in a sentence, I will write: "A crow showered me with snow while sadly sitting under a hemlock tree and relieved me of my sorrow."

Dust of Snow by Robert Frost is a short two stanza rhyme poem of 4 lines per stanza. The first stanza has an end rhyme of ABAB while the second stanza has an end rhyme pattern of CDCD. The first stanza revealed an incidence (a crow pouring snow on the poet) while the second stanza showed the impact of the incidence on the poet (the sad poet who wanted to ruminate his sorrow under the hemlock tree then came to realize that frustration is a natural thing in life; anything can bring vexation including nature's bird, tree, and snow).

Analysis of For My Mother In Her Mid 90s by Ama Ata Aidoo

In this female glorifying poetic piece of Ama Ata Aidoo, the poet indirectly revealed the special qualities possessed by her mother; not forgetting to point at people's amazement that her mother was still hail and hearty at the age of ninety and above.
As seen in stanza 12:
"Listen to the “is-your-mother-still-alive” greeting,
eyes popping out,
mouth agape and trembling"

The poet recolled many relationships had with her mother; particularly, the tales of long beginning which commenced the poem:
complex, complicated stories:
heart-warmingly familial and sadly colonial."

Prove That The Proud King By William Morris Is A Narrative Poem

Narrative poetry is such that tells tale with the use of dramatic elements. Paradise Lost by John Milton, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner by Samuel Taylor Coleridge,
The Proud King by William Morris also falls under the category of narrative poetry; and we shall support this claim with just three points below:

(1) Lengthiness:- One of the common characteristics of a narrative poem is the three digit length of lines it mostly possesses. The Proud King by William

Overview Of Animal Farm by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell:-
The story started and ended in the Manor Farm owned by Mr. Jones, who unforeseen happen made bankrupt with nothing to solace in than alcohol. The farmer’s inability to properly manage the animals gave rise to the planned rebellion by the animals. At some points in the role of events, there was a conflict of who should be the head of the animals (Snowball or Napoleon). The dictator Napoleon chased Snowball off the Manor Farm then things went from worse to worst for the animals.

How was Snowball chased off the farm?
With bestial dogs, Napoleon chased Snowball off the animal farm as to willfully rule the animals the way that soothe him.  “Four legs good, two legs bad” was a repeated motto of Snowball being a rebel to human reign in the farm. Snowball was a die-hard supporter of Old Major’s philosophies; such ideologies didn’t align with those of greedy Napoleon who adopted all the principles of Mr. Jones after the expulsion of Snowball and made the animals suffered beyond imagination.

How did Napoleon manipulate all animals to support his tyranny?
Besides the fact that Napoleon used the trained dogs for his forceful takeover, Squealer was another instrument of his manipulation. A pig with a very sugar-coated mouth, always known as someone manipulating the other animals to favor the wills of Napoleon. The animals were misinformed, and every negative situation in the farm was attributed to Snowball; alleged of coming in under the cover of darkness and performing all kinds of mischief such as stealing the corn, upsetting the milk-pails and breaks the eggs, among others.

George Orwell’s use of irony in Animal Farm:-
One among the well known characters of a satire is the use of irony, so it’s no surprise that ironies were not found missing in Animal Farm by George Orwell. The author created ironies out of so many situations such as the case of the animal’s illiteracy. Sick Boxer was taken to the slaughter under the guise of been taken to the hospital even when the imprint message on the van was boldly written “Horse Slaughterer and Glue Boiler”, Boxer and other animal could not comprehend the message.  “The writer uses irony to laugh at the folly of the animals in their belief that their lives would become better after the overthrow of Jones. The irony is extended in the, wideness of the pigs and the gullibility of the other animals.” According to Wikipedia article, “All animals are equal but some animals are more equal than others”, and “For legs good, two legs better!” as the pigs become more human. This is an ironic twist to the original purpose of the Seven Commandments, which were supposed to keep order within Animal Farm by uniting the animals together against the humans and preventing animals from following the humans’ evil habits, Orwell demonstrates how simply political dogma can be turned into malleable propaganda.

How pigs aided the message of the author:-
Starting with Old Major, the oldest pig on the farm, highly respected and regarded by the other animals. Old Major suggested the act rebellion against humans. Snowball is a very passionate pig who meant the best for all the animals in the Manor Farm. Snowball was known to be very eloquent and intelligent. Napoleon, another significant pig in the novel, is considered the greedy dictator who manipulates other animals to have its own way. Napoleon planned how Snowball was forced out of the farm. Squealer is also a pig character in the novel, he was considered Napoleon’s second-in-command. He was Napoleon’s pawn for imposing dictatorship on other animals.

Discuss three vices or weaknesses in human society that Orwell satirizes in Animal Farm (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2000)
Answer according to Johnson Publication goes thus:

“Notable among the vices satirized by Orwell in Animal Farm are selfishness or egocentrism, narcissism or discrimination, despotism or ruthlessness. (i) Selfishness: This is demonstrated by Napoleon, Squealer and most of the pigs. They ascribed to themselves all the goodies, brunties, largesse and all the choicest foods and drinks in the farm without taking others into consideration. For instance, it is decreed that only the pigs should be allowed to eat apples and drink milk. This type of egocentric attitude is prevalent in human society, and has been infused or integrated into the novel. (ii) Narcissism or discrimination: This occurs in forms of discrimination between genders, among ethnic groups, nations or even between one race and the other. The pigs demonstrate this narcissist tendency on their part when they claim to be superior to all other animals in the farm. (iii) Despotism or ruthlessness: This is one of the major vices perpetrated by the rulers and the ruling classes in human society these days. This is demonstrated in the novel by Napoleon and his nine ferocious dogs who constitute themselves as his guards.”

Symbolism In Piano And Drums By Gabriel Okara

Discuss the use of symbolism in Okara's Piano and Drum WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017.

Based on Oxford dictionary, symbolism is to represent a concept through symbols or underlying meanings of objects or qualities

The cultural dilemma poem "Piano and Drums" by Gabriel Okara is a whole load of symbols; from the title to down the context.

Top 4 Poetry Communities Naijapoets Recommend

Naijapoets is an analysis website analyzing African and Non-African poems for the ease of poetry understanding. Before it got to this, naijapoets strengthened its poetry passion with the help of some reliable poetry communities such as poemhunter, poetrypoem, poetrysoup, allpoetry, etc.

#1. Poemhunter :-
Is so outstanding and in terms of poetry databases, I always have this feeling that poemhunter archives the largest number of poem on internet; though my feeling might not be prove-solid because of names like,, just to mention two.

The website is one among the leading poetry communities online with well over a million poems and infinite count of daily membership.

The poemhunter website features:
1. Poem of the Day
2. Top 500 poets
3. Top 500 poems
4. Free Member Poem Submission
The web address is

#2. PoetryPoem:-
Is a poetry community that enables poetry lovers and poets the platform to perform their passion. The website claims 101,000 poets that published over 800,000 poems.

Authors using PoetryPoem must not post other people's work without the copyright holder's permission. Sponsors can mail PoetryPoem at:
Poetrypoem Monique, P.O.Box 4103 Martinsburg, WV 25402.

The poetrypoem website features:
1. Free Poetry Contest
2. Poetry Prime Poets
3. Free Poetry Publishing
4. Top 100 Poems
The web address is

#3. PoetrySoup:-
Owned by Arczis Web Technologies Inc. is another poetry community so similar as allpoetry. Poetrysoup is maintained through third party advertising and donation. It only accepts poems written by the poets that submits them. All Poems submitted are published as the poet’s original work and under the poet's copyright.

The poetrysoup website features:
1. Poetry Contest
2. Premium Membership
3. Free Membership
4. Free Verse Poem
The web address is

#4. Allpoetry:-
Is a poetry community owned by Kevin Watt having way over 20,000 poets both with free and paid memberships. Users are meant to enjoy the site based on their devotion to the site in terms of financial support.

Allpoetry does not run adsense like most poetry community websites do, so it makes it more favorable for expert and amateur authors to promote their poetry through in-depth critiques and other similar forms of promotional mediums for publishers.

The allpoetry website features:
1. Awards and Contests
2. Poetry Community
3. Writing Group
4. Learning Tools
The web address is

Winning £20000 Amazon Kindle Storyteller Prize

To all naijapoets fans and readers, in case you are yet to know, it's pleasure to inform you that Amazon Storyteller Award is still on till 19th of May 2017 (Not too late at all). If you are a poet or maybe something way beyond that, and you have your writeups still helplessly waiting to hit the floodlights, then I tell you, it's not too late to participate in the Amazon UK Kindle Award since you stand the chance of winning £20,000!

The Amazon UK Kindle Storyteller Award is open for entries. The Kindle Storyteller Award is a new literary prize recognising newly published work in the English language across any genre and includes a £20,000 prize.

Examines Wara's Role in the Development of the Plot

Examines Wara's role in the development of the plot. (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017 QUESTION AND ANSWER)

In every tragic drama, there are rivalry, revenge or avenge, greed and tragic flaw. One of the ways Dele Charley successfully knitted events to a well designed ending, is via the roles played by Wara.

Dele Charley is a Sierra Leonean author who lived between 1948 and 1993. His book, The Blood of a Stranger, is an African drama about cultural abuse and corrupt acts of the colonialists.

Analysis of to a Bedbug by Sam Mbure

Two important messages surfaced from the complaining voice of the poem speaker are; the victim's constant nuptial lost of blood and the victim's poverty condition. It can be said that one problem led to another in the sense that it might be the poem speaker's poverty that caused his "little bed" infested.

Sam Mbure, in this poem title "To A Bedbug" wrote about the negative effect and the inconvenience caused by bedbug; not only that, the chosen words of the poem marveled at the wisdom of the bedbug. Saying that the "tiny creature" only takes advantage of his unconscious sleeping state to feed and breed in his bed.

Examine The Theme of Endurance in Birches by Robert Frost

Examine the theme of endurance in Birches (WAEC MAY/JUNE 2017 QUESTION AND ANSWER).

Birches is a poem written to paint the picture of uneasiness of living on earth most especially as an adult by using the birch trees as symbol of such uneasiness. Frost showed a distinct feature of the birch tree as a very tough and tenacious tree in nature.

Such feature led us to the theme of endurance among other themes such as the theme of nostalgia, theme of transition, theme of earthly pleasure, etc.

Now is the time to delve deeply into the theme of endurance. The flexibility of the birches aided their ability to contain swinging and pressing down effects caused by ice-storms. The poet mentioned two different strains of the birch trees which are the imaginary boy swinging it and the ice-storms; of the two, the ice-storms left the birches bent forever. The birches didn't just endured the burden of the ice but continued to grow in its ice-caused deformity "Year afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground"; after the birches are permanently bent, they didn't stop growing knowing that the deed is done and never to be reversed.

Inference of endurance is drawn from stanza four of the poem between line 14-19:
"They are dragged to the withered bracken by the load,
And they seem not to break; though once they are bowed
So low for long, they never right themselves:
You may see their trunks arching in the woods
Years afterwards, trailing their leaves on the ground
Like girls on hands and knees that throw their hair"

African School-girls' Song

Beat, beat, beat, dears, beat the golden grain, For food builds up the sinews, and stimulates the brain, Just as you beat rice, dears, with your pestle in your hand, You'll beat distrust and bloodshed, out of Africa our land. Clean, clean, clean, dears, clean the silver fish, Drop its shimmering, shining scales, then lay it on the dish; 'Tis destined in the future, Young Africans, that you Shall clean away the scales that hide true Africa from view. Burn, burn, burn, dears, burn the sweet palm oil, And every mother's son, dear, will thank you for your toil, For in the years to come, dears, while other nations shout, You'll burn the heart of Africa, till all its dross burns out. Grind, grind, grind, dears, pepper ripe and red, For the're many hungry eager, strong, black lads, who must be fed; Your dear black hands that guide the stone, will remain faithful still, To guide and comfort Africa, when passing through life's mill. Copyright (c) Gladys Casely-Hayford aka Acquah Laluah.

Analysis Of The Dry Season By Kwesi Brew

The Dry Season by Kwesi Brew is a very beautiful descriptive poetry. The poet uses simple language for the reader to understand. The setting of the poem is Africa. The poem is 3 stanzas with 6 lines each. There are alliterations in line 1 "withering; the wind" in line 7 "are tall and tinted" in line 14 "begin to burn", in line 18 "little life" there is a metaphor in line 1 "The year is withering", anaphora occurs in line 5-6, line 11-12, line 17-18, there are repetition of words like "leaves", "soon", "fires", "hare", "year". A deliberate run-on-line occurs from line 1 to line 2. Imageries in line 6 "the half-bare tree", in line 8 "straw-gold hue of dryness"

 The themes of the poem are: (1) The dry season is the sign of an ending year (2) Dryness is susceptible to fire According to the keen observation of, the first stanza speaks of the relevance of the dry season to the folding of each year; "The year is withering". Brew further explains the reflections of the dry season on tree, man, dry winds, dusty roads, straw-gold grasses.

Simple Summary Of The Fence By Lenrie Peters

According to an intelectual source, "The poem is a moral one which deals with the poet's dillema. He recounts the "dim" past and juxtaposes it with the future. The future is misty and foggy, and for this reason, he cannot possibly guess what the future looks like, neither can the past proffer any solution. In line 10-12, the poet recalls another striking phenomenon which is a contributing factor to the problem he is facing. This time, it is no longer time, but "age". Indeed he is so wei

Analysis Of I Find No Peace And All My War Is Done By Thomas Wyatt (WASSCE Unseen Poetry)

Most of Thomas Wyatt's poems have been about love and "I Find No Peace And All My War Is Done" is no exception. The poem is about the frustration the poet or poem speaker faced in a certain love relationship. The poet opened the poem with the conclusion in his mind saying that since he couldn't find no peace, he would give up his fighting. Line 2-7 further explains the poet's or the poem speaker's state of dilemma which precedes the poet's conclusion: "I fear and hope, I burn and freeze like ice; I fly above the wind, yet can I not rise, And naught I have and all the world I seize on; That looseth nor locket holdeth me in prison, And holdeth, me not yet can I scape nowise; Nor letteth me liv

Differentiate Between Africa By David Diop And Africa By Raphael Armattoe

David Diop (1927-1960) wrote a poem titled "Africa" and Raphael Armattoe (1913-1953) also wrote a poem titled "Africa". This post intends to view the difference between the idea of both poets as regards the title "Africa".
David Diop's poem "Africa" talks about the colonial and slavery of Africans, at the middle of the poem he wrote: "The work of your slavery/Africa, tell me Africa/ Is this your back that is unbent/ This back that never breaks under the weight of humilation/ This back trembling with red scars/ And saying no to the whip under the midday sun" Diop further pers<!--more-->onified the African continent as an angry elder who was aware of the impending revolution, and chided him for thinking rash thoughts.
On the other hand, Raphael Armattoe in the poem "Africa" talks about Africans irrational embrace of western lifestyle than African culture. In the poem, Raphael was addressing a lady who he taught was sad but the response of the lady made him realise that she wasn't sad but sick and dying due to arrogance and nonchalance of the people around. If the poem is to be viewed from its connotative meaning, the lady Armattoe was addressing is Africa, and Africa (as the mother of Africans) was feeling cold and numb because her children were dying as a result of not listening to the ways of their mother, Africa.
Another difference to note is that David Diop's "Africa" was longer in length than Raphael Armattoe's "Africa".

Samuel C. Enunwa aka samueldpoetry (the Leo with wings flying) 

Discuss The Themes Of Political Revolution And Struggle For Freedom In Gbanabom Hallowell's "The Dining Table"

[QUESTION] Discuss the themes of political revolution and struggle for freedom in Gbanabom Hallowell's "The Dining Table". (NECO JUNE/JULY 2016 LITERATURE-IN-ENGLISH)

[ANSWER] The Dining Table by Gbanabom Hallowell is a political dissention poem; no dispute about that. Such led the content of the poem to germinate the themes of political revolution and struggle for freedom.
To the best of ability, both themes are discussed as follows:
Political revolution always leads to chaotic atmospheric situations which is not different from Hallowell's sympathetic narration. The revolutionary picture of the poem revealed brutality, desperate inhumanity to humans, the use of guns and harmful weapons. On top of that, the victims were placed in condition of homelessness. Victims homelessness gathered every age to the so-called “dinner table”; including the sleepless barefooted children with eyes so sharp and alert like switchblades because the effect of the war or sudden attack had taken away their peace and clipped their voices with silence.
On the side of "the struggle for freedom", the gathering as portrayed by the poet motivates the need for freedom. Common to nights of every assaults, abnormal alertness backed by fear was evident in the

Analysis Of Music By Charles Baudelaire

The Poet:-
Charles Baudelaire is a French author and poet who lived forty six years on earth between 1821 and 1867. One among his notable poetry works is Les Fleurs Du Mal (The Flowers Of Evil)
This poem gives a detailed experience of sailing; it talks about the foggy experience on the sea, the endless view of the sea, the waves waging war against the ship, the continuous sound of the ropes against the rigged mast of the ship, the calmness of the seas (which metaphorical was likened to a mirror). At the opening of the poem, the poet likened himself to a ship and likened music to a sailing experience on the sea. Music lifts the poet the same way the sea lifts the ship.
The themes evident in the poem are (i) the memorable experience of sailing (ii) the beautiful impacts of music.
Structurally, it must be said that the poem has a sea setting though the title and introduction depict music. it is a four stanza poem where the first line rhymes with the third line to portray an end rhyming scheme of ABAB ABAB. The first stanza contains four lines, the second stanza contains four lines, the third stanza contains three lines and fourth stanza contains three lines.
To summarize by each stanza, the stanza 1 says of how music is like sailing a ship, the stanza 2 further says of the poet push through music like

How To Excel In Literature-In-English Examination

Speaking generally about Literature-in-English examinations, not excluding WAEC, NECO, GCE, etc. Two simple facts are necessary for excellence in the examination to be guaranteed, they are (i) Studying according to the recommended texts (ii) Understanding the  monotonous style of the questions. (#1) To Study According To Recommended Texts:- Taking West African Literature-in-English examination as a case study, it is necessary for any candidate willing to sit for WAEC, NECO or GCE to lay hold of the recommended texts and study them carefully. Having the appropriate syllabus will be a wise step towards success; the word "appropriate" must be of note since WAEC for example, does change her Literature-In-English syllable at a specific interval (precisely every four years) which means that some texts that are found helpful

Theme Of Hopelessness In Futility By Wilfred Owen

Though the poem is about a soldier's untimely death in war, the poem uses this forum to make a general observation about the hopeless situation of human existence. The poet is in a serious and sombre mood. The tone is that of regret. A highly philosophical poem in the sense that it attempts to portray the futility and meaninglessness of human mortality. The sun is generally seen as a life-sustaining agent but the poet wonders why the sun toils ceaselessly to sustain this meaningless life.

In the poets view, life is futile. There is no worthwhile hope in the life of men. When the poem speaker finally realizes that the soldier is dead, he resorts to rhetorical questions as a means to emphasize the futility of human life and to express his anxieties and distress about the dying soldier.

Preoccupation Of Oswald Mtshali In Nightfall In Soweto

The violence and all forms of crimes perpetrated at night by the white against the black in the poem titled "Night Fall In Soweto" are the things that preoccupied Oswald Mtshali.

With the use of simile, the poet referrred to nightfall as a "dreaded disease". The agents of the nightfall acrocities are shown "lurking in the shadow" and "clasping a dagger" awaiting their victims.

From the first person point of view, the readers of the poem are told that the poem speaker is one of the victim:
"I am the victim"
"I am the prey"
"I am slaughtered"

Urgency for survival made Oswald Mtshali seek means of escape. He put his worries in form of rhetorical questions "Where am I safe?" "Where am I safe?".

His feelings of fear are shown with the words like "quake" "tremble" "beast" "disease" "prey". His fear made him undermine his abode with the use of litotes by referring to it as "matchbox house".


Analysis Of Absence By Pablo Neruda

Absence by Pablo Neruda has the theme of love and optimism. Neruda composed the poem on the ground of love; based on the context of the poem, we see two lovers without close contact. While the female feels hurt, the poem speaker composed this reassuring poem to prove that his love for her remains intact. Last stanza of the poem shows the optimistic nature of the poet:
"But wait for me,
Keep for me your sweetness.
I will give you too
A rose."

2017 WAEC Literature Timetable

Below is a short reminder table that will always remind the naijapoets of the dates for 2017 WAEC May/June Literature-in-English examination...
Wednesday 5th April 2017Literature-In-English 2 (Prose) 08.30 – 09.45
Literature-In-English 1 (Objective)09.45– 10.45
Wednesday, 26th April, 2017Literature-In-English 3 (Drama & Poetry) 13.00 – 15.30
Hopefully, this short timetable which is relevant with the content of will be found helpful by them that are concerned.

Naijapoets Hola At Derby Poetry Events

Derby Performance Poets Events
Naijapoets is a fan of poetry and things related poetry that why we've dimmed it fit to share this so you shouldn't be missing out on these awesome upcoming performance poetry.

"Derby Performance Poets
First Thursday of the month 7.30-9.30pm Our popular performance poetry evenings are designed for anybody interested in writing, performing or listening to live poetry...

Thursday 4 May - Children/Children’s verse
"Childrens’ Verse always appeals, just remember how it feels"

Thursday 1 June - Books (Derby Book Festival)
"Favourite Books and Characters put into verse"

Thursday July -  Beer/Pubs (Derby Beer Festival)

"40th Summer Beer Festival this year - food and drink, lots of cheer!"

Cube Events Poetry Nights

Poet, Author, Critic

Poet; this is generally known as a writer or composer of a poem. This subject can be explained in diverse ways as inspiration directs. From the African perspective (Yoruba people) precisely, were originally oral composers referred to as Akewi (or Alagbe which seems derogatory). Most professional ones were found in the palaces amusing the king and serving as a first hand informant to the king as to which visitor approaches the palace; some people call the Akoda-Oba and their early morning poetic chants are referred to as Rara.
Enough of the Yoruba ideology of poet, in the western world, according to Wikipedia, poets were found working for the royals. As time goes on being a poet became a part-time thing.

"The Renaissance period saw a continuation of patronage of poets by royalty. Many poets, however, had other sources of income, including Italians like Dante Aligheri, Giovanni Boccaccio and Petrarch's works in a pharmacist's guild and William Shakespeare's work in the theater.

In the Romantic period and onwards, many poets were independent writers who made their living through their work, often supplemented by income from other occupations or from family. This included poets such as William Wordsworth and Robert Burns." says Wikipedia.

Author: It is not a crime to call an author a creator. An author is the writer of literature whether poetry, prose or drama. Author can further get their works published even then, not all authors get their work published and not all published works are pioneered by the written author.
Being an author can be very lucrative; in terms of reward, royalty and acceptance. Eras affect the reward rate of being an author. This period of ours, pedagogical authors, internet-famous authors and religious authors reap higher reward of publishing. Some heads have channeled the blame of dwindling profitability of being an author to claim that readership has drastically declined but I'm of the believe that the decline only affect the reading of paper publications while the online or perhaps the internet publications keep witnessing higher and higher readership as days come by.

Critic: Critiques are written by critics; in other words, a person who appraises the works of others or a specialist in judging works of art is referred to as a critic. They do go through a work of art carefully and create a review about such work. Though critics are found in all aspects of art but let's concentrate a bit on literature which can be divided into prose, drama, poetry. Today on the internet, there are many platforms devoted towards reviewing literary works (anthologies, novels, dramatic books, not excluding movies and TV drama series).
Here few list according to specialization:-
(1) enotes; a general literature analysis website.
(2) shmoop; a general literature analysis website.
(3) poemanalysis; a poetry analysis website.
(4) naijapoets; a non-african and african analysis website.
(5) genius; a poetry and lyric analysis website.
(6) rottentomatoes; a movie analysis website.
(7) yahoo movies; a movie analysis website.
(8) tvline; a tv drama series analysis website.
(9) variety; a tv drama series analysis website.
(10) tvfanatic; a tv drama series analysis website.
-- All Poetic Analysis On This Website Are Listed Below:-