we Battle of the Shows: Gilmore Girls vs. Hart of Dixie ~ Naija Poets

Gilmore Girls and Hart of Dixie -- two TV shows about strong, quirky women and the small, quirky towns they live in.  

Are these TV shows too similar or far too different compare?  

TV Fanatics Leora W and Becca Newton discuss subtext, character development, romantic blunders, and more in their quest to find out which small-town dramedy was better.

Leora: So, why do you think Hart of Dixie is superior to Gilmore Girls?

Becca: It came down to one question. Which show told its story better? For me, the answer was Hart of Dixie.

It told the story of a New York City doctor who changed and then changed the people around her because she went to practice medicine in a small town better than Gilmore Girls did with its many overarching stories.

Leora: You say that Hart of Dixie was about a New York City doctor who changed because she went to practice medicine in a small town.

That would imply the show would focus, to some extent, on small-town medicine like Virgin River, Everwood, or Doc Hollywood.

Hart of Dixie Season 1 did focus on Dr. Zoe Hart performing small town medicine. However, by Hart of Dixie Season 2, the medical plotlines were minimal. By the end of the series, it was easy to forget Zoe was even a doctor.

Becca: I didn't mind the medical stories becoming less prominent as the show progressed. I knew Zoe was a doctor even if she wasn't seen on the job a lot.

For many procedural shows, the case of the week is meant to act as a counterpoint to whatever problem the main character is facing at the time. Then the main character applies the lessons the case taught them to their problem.

Hart of Dixie found alternative ways to do that without needing a medical case of the week on every episode.

Leora: As much as the small town of Bluebell and the friends Zoe made changed her, as the seasons wore on, it became more about her love-life than anything else. Which is fine, but it wasn't the premise.

Zoe didn't move to Bluebell to find love. She moved because she had no bedside manner and because she found out Harley Wilkes was her father. The Wilkes were barely addressed until Hart of Dixie Season 3.

Instead of focusing on Zoe's newfound family, Zoe's cousin, Vivian, was used to show Wade's growth and spice the Zade relationship love triangle dynamic.

I like a good romantic comedy as much as the next girl, but the show had potential in the beginning for real depth, and it just didn't follow through.

Becca: Why do you think Gilmore Girls is the better show?

Leora: I think it's because while I enjoyed watching Hart of Dixie, I found myself often thinking how much better it would be if they did this thing or that thing differently. Gilmore Girls never pretended to be anything other than what it was.

And yes, Gilmore Girls: A Year in the Life does make me look at it in a different light, but I think the general theme of mother-daughter relationships, the complications of family, and the have versus the have-nots was as clear in the end as it was on Gilmore Girls Season 1 Episode 1.

Gilmore Girls explored all kinds of relationships, dynamics, and situations. It had a great love story, but it centered on the Gilmores and their lives. And we saw all aspects of their lives, not just their love lives. Rory's schooling and Lorelai's career were instrumental to the show.

Becca: Forgetting about Zoe's mission to explore the Wilkes side of the family was a misstep. When it was addressed on Hart of Dixie Season 3, it didn't act as much as a course correction as it should have.

I'm afraid I have to disagree with Hart of Dixie not exploring relationships besides romantic ones. Wade and Lemon's friendship was one of the best-depicted relationships on Hart of Dixie.

There were storylines dedicated to Zoe and AB's friendship. George and Lavon had plots related to town affairs.

Leora: I agree about Lemon and Wade. They were iconic, the best friendship on the show.

Zoe and AB and Zoe and Lavon were also good. But most of Zoe's relationships were secondary to her romantic relationships. Her plots focused more on the wacky hijinks or drama of whomever she was dating or in love with.

Lemon and Wade were, arguably, better characters than Zoe, despite her being the lead,

Lemon had the best development of the show. I will say I was disappointed Lemon and Zoe never got a Paris and Rory friendship dynamic. I was expecting it once it became clear Lemon wasn't a bitch. They had the potential for that.

While there was more to Lemon and Wade than Zoe, it wasn't as explored as much as it could have been. Wade's plots centered on his relationship with Zoe quite often. 

Becca: Hart of Dixie's let its characters change significantly for the better. Characters on Gilmore Girls, for the most part, did not change very much over the show. If they did, it was for the worse (Rory) or not explained (Jess).

Leora: While I can't say I loved all of Rory's development throughout the show, I respected it and didn't have a real problem with it until the revival. Even in the revival, I've seen arguments that it made sense to her character.

Becca: Rory and her constant infidelities -- I never understood how a character who was so morally uptight to the point of freaking out about overdue library books was comfortable with cheating on almost every one of her boyfriends.

Leora: Rory had to grow up really quickly in a lot of ways.

Her mother was a single mother, a teenager with roughly no money, living in a potting shed at a hotel where she worked as a maid. No disrespect to Lorelai, who did the best she could, but it's established that she was relatively immature.

Rory had to be the adult when she was too young to be expected to be the adult because her mother never really grew up.

Rory was this mistake, and as much as Lorelai loved her, she knew that. She was the reason they didn't have any money. She barely knew her father.

She had to be perfect for everybody because she was trying to make up for the fact she wasn't supposed to exist, and everybody judged her mother for having her. 

The older she got, the more Lorelai, her grandparents, everybody relied on her to be perfect -- to be the adult -- when she was just a kid.

She had all this pressure to live the life Lorelai never got to: go to college, be respectable and affluent, and be "the great, white hope of the Gilmore tomorrow." That's a lot to put on a child. The truth is, no matter how great she was. She would never live up to those expectations.

On some level, she knew that. She spent so long trying to make everyone else happy, and she bottled so much up, she never had a chance to explore what she wanted. When she finally let that run free, it got out of hand because she never learned how to be an irresponsible kid.

Her family did everything to ensure she never had to live with the consequences of her actions,

Also, the first time Rory cheated, it was right after her mother slept with her father, who was in a relationship with someone else. Lorelai was her role model and idol.

What you really get with Rory regarding her infidelity in the original series is that she would do these things without really thinking about it. When she stopped to realize what she was doing, she would be horrified at herself.

This contrasts with Rory in the revival, which was more okay with being the other woman and cheating on her boyfriend to boot.

Rory, not unlike Midge from The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel, is the sort of spoiled, naive person who thinks it's okay to do a bad thing as long as it was unintentional, which it always was in her case. 

She didn't intend to kiss Jess. She didn't intend to sleep with Dean. She just got caught up in the moment.

Again she's never had to deal with consequences or blame because she's St. Rory, and nobody would hold her accountable. They don't believe she can do anything wrong.

Some people commented on this aspect of her behavior before the revival even came out. Expecting Rory to be perfect wasn't the problem for her portrayal. 

Becca: I think you raise many points fans, myself included, come up with to explain why things happened the way they did instead of Gilmore Girls actually showing those were the reasons for Rory's behavior.

One of the things I think Gilmore Girls failed to explore enough was Rory's perspective of pre-series events. The show made Rory sound like she was completely okay with living in a shed growing up.

If Gilmore Girls had shown Rory realizing her childhood wasn't as rosy as she thought it was, it would better explain her Yale and revival behavior.

Impulsiveness is a thin excuse. Her first kiss with Jess -- fine. Sleeping with Dean the first time -- arguable. Sleeping with Dean the second time -- not so much. 

Her kiss with Jess on Gilmore Girls Season 6 Episode 18 wasn't impulsive regardless of whether the kiss was done for the sake of closure between her and Jess, revenge against Logan, or both. 

Gilmore Girls also sold Rory out for the sake of drama. Chilton Rory was a lot better about handling tough criticisms than Yale and beyond Rory. Maybe the mistake was making Rory too perfect at the beginning. She had no way to grow but down as the show continued.

Even though I can see the merits of arguments stating Hart of Dixie glamorizing infidelity, too, I think Hart of Dixie did a better job showing the pain it caused and in not letting characters get off consequence-free.

Leora: I guess I like the headcanons. Rory spiraling at Yale makes some sense when you think she was cut off from her mother more there. But yes, headcanons are important. Without them, I'd probably struggle more within. Let's agree Gilmore Girls was a bit of a mess.

That being said, so was Hart of Dixie. Hart of Dixie was a big mess with a bunch of little baby messes. It was a pretty mess, but it was a mess.

I strongly disagree Hart of Dixie handled infidelity better. In the case of Lavon and Lemon, maybe, but not in the case of Wade.

This is a huge point of contention for me, actually. Wade's cheating was swept under the rug in later seasons. We're meant to feel like he's the victim, the breakup was Zoe's fault, and she has to beg him to take her back because he's scared of getting hurt again. It was a huge issue.

When a main character does something most fans like to pretend isn't canon, it's a problem.

Becca: They swept it up during the later seasons, but they addressed it early. I'll concede I'm too forgiving of Wade, but I think Hart of Dixie showed he was sorry and experienced character growth that made him realize he shouldn't continue having affairs.

In comparison, Rory's blind spot about it got bigger and bigger to the point where she normalizes it.

Leora: I think they showed he was sorry, but I don't think they showed he changed. When he started the show, he was a womanizer. Meeting Zoe made him want to be better. He was doing better, but then he cheated on her.

As much as he blamed himself (because, of course, he did, that was totally in character), he didn't make an effort to explore why he screwed up and work to change it. 

He got his career off the ground, but he continued to fool around with women, many involved, and one was married on Hart of Dixie Season 3.

He asks Zoe to forgive him and get back together months after he cheated. Then he's disappointed when she doesn't say I love you back and runs away from the hurt, which, frankly, who wouldn't?

After Tansy gives him a hard time about not getting serious with someone, he starts dating Vivian, who was (unfortunately) a two-dimensional character. Their relationship was meant to show he was growing because he was in a big-boy relationship and was good with her kid (sort of).

We never got to know Vivian or her and Wade as a couple because it was just meant to show he was an adult capable of committing.

I'm sure he is, but if he were capable of being that with Zoe, as they started to lead us to believe on Hart of Dixie Season 2, he never would have cheated in the first place!

And when Zoe didn't endorse him to Vivian, he got mad at her for not seeing he's changed, even though he was still acting very much as he had in the past. It was a lot of telling us he changed, instead of showing, 

And Zoe has to say how the break up was also her fault, which just wasn't true.

The truth is, Wade has a lot of issues. He has abandonment issues and self-esteem issues that he needed to work out before being in a relationship, serious or not, with anybody. He addressed the symptoms but not the problem. We're supposed to believe he's cured?

Frankly, I think Wade would have benefited from seeing a therapist.

I agree that Gilmore Girls normalized cheating, particularly in the revival. Regarding the infidelity, I want to point out Rory didn't get a neat happily ever after or end up with any of the guys she cheated with/on.

The main couple of Gilmore Girls was Loralei and Luke, who never cheated on each other. 

Hart of Dixie became more and more about Zade as the show went on, even after cheating.

Becca: Even though Luke and Lorelai didn't cheat, their relationship wasn't devoid of bad storytelling decisions either. They fell into the "couples keeping secrets from each other" trap. The April storyline was a bad call on several different levels.

Leora: Fair enough. They were a great slow burn, but seeing them on the revival at basically the same stage they were in nine years ago was frustrating.

I don't mind April. I actually liked her. But I didn't get why her existence meant they had to break up.

Becca: April grew on me, but I found her first appearances grating.

They overdid it with the nerdiness. I didn't like how she just grabbed Luke's hair for a DNA test on Gilmore Girls Season 6 Episode 9. It wasn't cute at all. Once they softened the quirks, she was fine.  

Leora: Regarding background couples on Hart of Dixie versus Gilmore Girls, AB and George were out of left field. At the same time, I was always rooting for Lavon and Lemon to get back together. Lavon suddenly having feelings for her again wasn't built up so well on Hart of Dixie Season 3.

Even on Hart of Dixie Season 2, Lavon seemed to have moved on -- first with Ruby and then with AB. I wanted Lavon/Lemon, but, storytelling-wise, it didn't make sense for him to suddenly decide he was into Lemon again. 

Becca: I didn't think Lavon's feeling for Lemon came out of nowhere on Hart of Dixie Season 3. I always thought Lavon had feelings for Lemon, even when he was dating other people.

As for the romances on Gilmore Girls involving supporting characters ...

Why did they give Paris an older man fetish?

Sookie and Jackson were mostly fine, but they had weird moments like Sookie ordering Jackson to have a vasectomy on Gilmore Girls Season 5 Episode 21.

Hart of Dixie gave the supporting characters' romances more screentime than Gilmore Girls did with its characters.

I know more about Tom and Wanda's relationship than I do about Kirk and Lulu's. Tom and Wanda were allowed to get married and have kids. Kirk and Lulu were frozen in time with the rest of the cast.

Leora: I agree about Kirk and Lulu. Why did everyone have to get them a pig so they wouldn't have kids? They could have kids. There's nothing wrong with that.

I'm more upset about Paris and Doyle breaking up than her and Asher. I think they wanted to do the student and professor storyline, but they didn't want to do it with Rory. 

Plus, she always flirted with Richard, which I think comes from (A) that she always felt more mature than her classmates and preferred the company of adults, and (B) that she had major daddy issues.

Tom and Wanda were adorable -- yes.

I always hoped Lavon was carrying a torch for Lemon, but we didn't see any actual evidence on Hart of Dixie Season 3. He went for her arch-enemy and then her best friend on Hart of Dixie Season 2, and it never even occurred to him it would bother Lemon.

When Lavon found out it did, he did it anyway because he thought AB was worth it. When he and AB broke up, I hoped it was because of Lemon, but they didn't do anything to show us it was.

Really, if they were building up to that, we should have had more of them interacting, preferably with some charged scenes like Zoe and Wade, who were clearly endgame from Hart of Dixie Season 2 onwards.

Becca: Maybe it's streamer bias on my part, making events more connected than they actually were, but I thought subtext for Lavon harboring feelings for Lemon existed throughout the entire show. 

During the duration of his relationship with AB, I always thought he was holding himself back. As much as I wanted AB and Lavon to work, I accepted it couldn't because it was clear he never loved her as much as she loved him.

I was more upset about Paris and Doyle breaking up too! I liked their relationship a lot. Again it came across as another instance of derailing character for the sake of drama.

I couldn't wait for Paris and Asher to end because I could never past the teacher-student relationship's grossness. Even at the college level, it's gross.

Like with Rory's affairs (now that I'm thinking about it, Paris and Asher started as an affair, too), I felt Gilmore Girls was normalizing it too much. 

Leora: I don't think it is normalizing so much as people can be flawed, people are screwed up. But I do get what you're saying. 

Gilmore Girls' creator, Amy Sherman-Palladino, said in an interview when The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel came out that she doesn't believe people are good and actually believes they are bad and need to have good hammered into them or something to that effect.

Probably more crude, knowing her. I think she's a cynical person with a dark sense of humor, and the story she wanted to tell was not as light as it seemed at first glance. She wanted it to be true to life, and she doesn't think things work out.

Becca: One of the things I like about Hart of Dixie over Gilmore Girls is its more humanist perspective. Gilmore Girls sometimes goes overboard with the mockery. 

Leora: I guess it is a difference in tone -- cynicism and a touch of realism versus the warm and fuzzies. It depends on what you're into.

I think we've established both of these shows are a mess. They were enjoyable when they aired. I enjoyed rewatching both, but both are also incredibly flawed.

The tones and point of each show are different. What you should watch depends on whether you're in the mood for -- a feel-good romantic dramedy or a satiric look at the human condition.

Both have corny small-town festivities and strong female characters. I will concede that maybe it's not so much better than the other, but both are different in their perks and imperfections.

Becca: Agreed. I have asked myself the question of which show is the better one many times. I reached different answers depending on the aspect of the show I'm evaluating. 

Both shows are fun to watch, re-watch, and analyze. I'm glad we have both!

Over to you, TV Fanatics!

Gilmore Girls or Hart of Dixie -- which show do you love more?

Vote and hit the comments below.

And the Winner is?

    Battle Of The Shows: Gilmore Girls Versus Hart Of Dixie     View Poll »



source https://www.tvfanatic.com/2020/12/battle-of-the-shows-gilmore-girls-vs-hart-of-dixie/

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Physical Health Education Question Test 1

  1. In table tennis, deuce is when both players score

  2. A. 2-5
    B. 10-10
    C. 6-8

  3. Which of the following is an international tennis competition

  4. A. Davis Cup
    B. Ogbe Land Court
    C. Lord Runners Competition

  5. Physical education aims at developing person on the following except

  6. A. mentally
    B. morally
    C. physically

  7. In table tennis _____ is shown when service is going to be delivered

  8. A. bat
    B. table
    C. ball

  9. Athletics is divided into track and ____ (a) pool (b) table (c) field

  10. A. table
    B. field
    C. pool

  11. In tennis, when both player score 40-40 is called

  12. A. love
    B. deuce
    C. ace

  13. The following is an example of traditional dance except

  14. A. Mbombo dance
    B. Epo dance
    C. Break dance

  15. We play computer game with the following except

  16. A. keyboard
    B. joystick
    C. jersey

  17. One of the following is importance of food

  18. A. energy
    B. skill
    C. sweetness

  19. All the following are contact sports except

  20. A. swimming
    B. wrestling
    C. karate

Mathematics Question Test 1

  1. From a box containing 2 red, 6 white and 5 black balls, a ball is randomly selected. What is the probability that the selected ball is black

  2. A. 5/6
    B. 5/13
    C. 11/13

  3. The positions of two countries P and Q are (150N, 120E) and (650N, 120E) respectively. What is the difference in latitude

  4. A. 240
    B. 1000
    C. 800

  5. If log10x = 2.3675 and log10y= 2.9738, what is the value of x+y, correct to three significant figures

  6. A. 0.903
    B. 0.117
    C. 0.946

  7. Without using table, find the value of sin⁡20/cos⁡70 + cos⁡25/sin⁡65

  8. A. 1
    B. -2
    C. 2

  9. A 1200 sector of a circle of radius 21cm is bent to form a cone. What is the base radius of the cone

  10. A. 21cm
    B. 7cm
    C. 14cm

  11. What is the mode of the numbers 8, 10, 9, 9, 10, 8, 11, 8, 10, 9, 8 and 14

  12. A. 9
    B. 8
    C. 10

  13. The mean of 20 observations in an experiment is 4. If the observed largest value is 23, find the mean of the remaining observations

  14. A. 4
    B. 2.85
    C. 3

  15. Find the median of the following numbers 2.64, 2.50, 2.72, 2.91, and 2.35

  16. A. 2.50
    B. 2.72
    C. 2.64

  17. If 3 children share £10.50 among themselves in radio 6:7:8, how much is the largest share

  18. A. £4.00
    B. £3.50
    C. £5.00

  19. By selling some crates of soft drinks for #600.00, a dealer makes a profit of 50%. How much did the dealer pay for the drinks?

  20. A. #400.00
    B. #900.00
    C. #1200.00

This Day in History

--

Physics Question Test 1

  1. Two bodies each carry a charge of 2.00 x 10-10C are 5cm apart. Calculate the magnitude of the force between the charges [1/4πε = 9.00 x 109 Nm2C-2]

  2. A. 1.44 x 10-7 N
    B. 1.44 x 10-11 N
    C. 7.20 x 10-9 N

  3. A wire 1.0m long and with cross-sectional area 2.0 x 10-7 m2 has a resistance of 0.1Ω. Calculate the electrical conductivity of the wire.

  4. A. 5.0 x 107 Ω-1 m-1
    B. 5.0 x 108 Ω-1 m-1
    C. 2.0 x 108 Ω-1 m-1

  5. A voltmeter is a device that

  6. A. Draws high current
    B. Has a very high resistance
    C. Is able to measure both voltage and current

  7. Which of the following actions will not increase the sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer

  8. A. Using a week hair spring
    B. Increasing the area and number of turns of the coil
    C. Using a light pointer

  9. Fleming’s right hand rule is also called the

  10. A. Thumb rule
    B. Dynomo rule
    C. Screw rule

  11. A radioactive element has a decay constant of 0.077s-1. Calculate its half-life

  12. A. 0.5s
    B. 9.0s
    C. 13.0s

  13. Control in nuclear reactors is effected with boron rods because the rods have the ability to

  14. A. Slow down neutrons
    B. Absorbs electrons
    C. Absorbs neutrons

  15. Nuclear fission is preferred to nuclear fusion in the generation of energy because

  16. A. The by-product of fusion are very dangerous
    B. Very high temperatures are required for fusion
    C. Energy obtained from fusion is relatively smaller

  17. Which of the following defects of vision is as a result of the eye ball being too long

  18. A. Short sight
    B. Long sight
    C. astigmatism

  19. Which of the following devices converts heat energy to electrical energy

  20. A. thermocouple
    B. transformer
    C. thermostat

General Literature Questions

This aims to test how well you've learned your literature and literary devices.
  1. A question asked in a poem or drama which does not demand an answer before it makes an impact is

  2. Paradoxical question
    Heeding question
    Rhetorical question

  3. This question is intentionally left blank.

  4. Paradox
    Pun
    Oxymoron

  5. A deliberately negative understatement in expressing the opposite of the meaning is

  6. Litotes
    Hyperbole
    Antithesis

  7. Lines of regular recurrence in a poem constites

  8. theme
    alliteration
    refrain

  9. Pick the odd item out of the options listed below

  10. Epic
    Ode
    Allusion

  11. A literary device that creates a mental picture of a situation is

  12. Flashback
    Symbolism
    Imagery

  13. The paragraph in a prose can be compared to ________ in poetry

  14. Line
    Stanza
    Couplet

  15. Literary works are classified into ________

  16. Cantos
    Genres
    Episodes

  17. A couplet is formed by

  18. Five lines of poetry
    Two lines of poetry
    Two rhymed lines of poetry

  19. A speech in a play which a character speaks his or her thoughts alone is ______

  20. Aside
    Monologue
    Soliloquy

  21. A dirge is a poem sung

  22. At a birthday
    At a funeral
    To make folks happy

  23. This question is intentionally left blank.

  24. Proverb
    Paradox
    Meiosis

  25. A story which explains a natural phenomenon is

  26. Legend
    Parable
    Myth

  27. The term used to depict the freedom of a poet with language

  28. Poetic device
    Poetic diction
    Poetic licence

  29. A short witty saying is called

  30. Epitaph
    Limerick
    Epigram

English Language JAMB Question Test

Choose The Opposite In Meaning To The Words In Bracket
  1. It is surprising that this politician has now turned (renegade)

  2. A. militant
    B. corrupt
    C. loyal

  3. We intend to make the reception a (diurnal) event

  4. A. nightly
    B. weekly
    C. short

  5. The Permanent Secretary left his job (under a cloud)

  6. A. on a cloudy day
    B. with a clear record
    C. in disgrace

  7. Hypertension is a (debilitating) disease that everyone should prevent

  8. A. mortal
    B. enervating
    C. energizing

  9. The string was (taut)

  10. A. loose
    B. firm
    C. stretched

  11. Despite his laxity in other matters, Ojo's father drew (the line at) trauncy

  12. A. favoured
    B. rejected
    C. emphasized

  13. I'm not interested in buying that shirt, I think it's (overpriced)

  14. A. overrated
    B. priceless
    C. cheapqq

  15. The diminuitive figure bounces over the track with (unfathomable) lightness

  16. A. invigorating
    B. irresistible
    C. predictable

  17. Common sense requires that one should be (decorous) at formal gatherings

  18. A. courteous
    B. impolite
    C. incurious

  19. It is rare for a leader and his deputy to (see eye to eye)

  20. A. disagree
    B. respect each other
    C. be of one mind

Commerce OBJ Practice

Test how well you still remember your Commerce topics.
  1. Compulsory dissolution of a business can arise from

  2. an agreement by the owners
    a declaration by a court of law
    the termination of its life

  3. Governments impose import duties for the following reasons EXCEPT

  4. to raise revenue for other services
    to act as a retaliatory measure against other government
    to discourage the redistribution of income at home

  5. A demonstration of social responsibility by a business is the payment of

  6. Premium on insurance
    Interests on loans
    Taxes to government

  7. The production process that combines two or more raw materials into one end product is

  8. Merging
    Blending
    Synthesis

  9. Commerce is defined as the study of how

  10. man utilizes the resources in his physical environment
    Raw materials are changed into finished goods
    man produces, distributes and consumes his goods and services

  11. The type of activity which turns processed raw materials to consumer and industrial goods is

  12. Extraction
    Processing
    Manufacturing

  13. Which of these take place when firms producing at different stages in the same industry combine

  14. Cartel
    Conglomeration
    Vertical integration

  15. Tne of the main aims of the ECOWAS is to

  16. foster interchange of goods and services among member
    have one currency
    have common political system

  17. The last link in distribution is the

  18. consumer
    Retailer,
    Wholesaler

  19. When a cheque has special crossing it should be

  20. Paid into a named account
    cashed over the counter
    Paid to the drawee

  21. Which of the following towns was important to the trans-saharan traders

  22. enugu
    Owerri
    Kano

  23. The body controlling the installation an maintenance of phone in Nigeria is

  24. NICON
    NITEL
    NIPOST

  25. Retail outlets which sells from specialized vans are

  26. Mobile shop
    Minimart
    multiple shop

  27. A holding company assumes the control of it subsidiary through

  28. majority shareholding
    becoming the principal custom
    paying all the debts

  29. A cheque made payable to bearer

  30. can only be paid into an account
    is not regarded as a negotiable instrument
    can be negotiated for cash by any holder

Economics

Test Your Memory of Economics
  1. A government that wants to get more revenue will increase the tax on commodities with a

  2. low price elasticity of demand
    Building society
    low income elasticity of demand

  3. Which of the following is involved in the money market

  4. Stock exchange
    Commercial banks
    Building society

  5. Demand pull inflation can aptly be described as

  6. Persistent rise in prices due to increase in expenditure
    Reduction in government expenditure
    Inflation induced by rising costs of production

  7. In order to develop the banking habit of rural dwellers the traditional money lenders should be

  8. Subsidized
    Legalized
    Proscribed

  9. All rates of interest in a country are influenced by the

  10. Mortgage rate
    Wage rate
    Bank rate

  11. Exchange control is a weapon used in regulating

  12. Barter trade
    Stock exchange
    Internal trade

  13. When the marginal product is negative the total product will be

  14. Constant
    Decreasing
    At a maximum

  15. Physical productivity is affected by all the underlisted factors except the

  16. Quantity of input
    State of technology
    Price of output

  17. If a commodity has a high marginal utility its market price will be

  18. Stable
    High
    Zero

  19. Price fluctuation is a feature of

  20. Common market
    Imperfect market
    Supermarkets

  21. Which of the following statements is not a feature of a monopoly

  22. Seller is allowed to fix his own price
    Buyers and sellers are price takers
    New entrances are restricted

  23. The following are advantages of sole proprietorship except

  24. Quick and easy decision-making
    Keeping its business affairs private
    Assurance of raising huge capital for expansion

  25. Which of the following controls a limited liability company

  26. The managing director
    Tax payers
    The board of directors

  27. The main advantage of large scale production is that

  28. Decision-making is quick
    The quantity of the product increases
    Unit cost of production falls

  29. Gold diamond iron ore and limestone are collectively referred to as

  30. Mineral resources
    Artificial resources
    Human resources

  31. Points outside a production possibility curve indicate

  32. Unattainable production levels
    Attainable production levels
    Optimum production levels

  33. The introduction of tariffs and quotas

  34. Reduce the prices of imports
    Increase the demand for locally made goods
    Reduce the prices of locally made goods

  35. Which of the following is the main outcome of a trade Union's interference with the wage rate

  36. Lowered but more employment opportunities are created
    Lowered but employment level remains unchanged
    Increased and employment levels are unchanged

  37. The demand for money is described as a

  38. Competitive demand
    Joint demand
    Derived demand

  39. Which of the following best explains what to produce

  40. How much goods are to be produced
    The combination of resources to be used
    Which goods and services to be produced

  41. Post harvest losses in west African countries can be reduced if

  42. Better storage facilities could be provided
    Erosion is controlled
    More irrigation schemes could be provided

  43. Which of the following will enhance productivity in an economy

  44. The use of obsolete capital
    Technological change
    An increase in the labour force

Government OBJ Practice

  1. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to

  2. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

  3. Which of the following statement best describes an unwritten constitution

  4. The legislature is always unicameral
    The body of the rules and laws cannot all be found in a single document
    The source of the constitution is supreme court verdicts

  5. The process by which people vote to elect their representatives is called

  6. Electoral system
    Plebiscite
    Franchise

  7. Apart from making laws, the legislature has the important function of

  8. Implementing executive decisions
    Appointing the civil servants
    Checking the executive power

  9. Which of the following is a demerit of bicameral legislature

  10. The scope for political participation is limited
    Passing of bills into acts is delayed
    No safeguard for the minority groups

  11. One form of delegated legislation is

  12. Case laws
    Statutory instruments
    Conventions

  13. A system of government in which one level of government exercises an overwhelming authority over o

  14. Confederal
    Parliamentary
    Unitary

  15. A major weakness of a ine-party system is that

  16. It encourages the emergence of dictators
    It ensures freedom of political choice
    It negates the principle of one man one vote

  17. A multiparty system often leads to the formation of

  18. Coalition government
    Dual government
    Dictatorial government

  19. Under a two-party system, the opposition party is as important as the ruling party

  20. It has equal number of supporters as the ruling party
    It is as strong as the ruling party
    It is the alternative government

  21. Who among the following was dismissed from the Action Group at the Jos Congress of 1962

  22. Anthony Enahoro
    Ladoke Akintola
    Dauda Adegbenro

  23. If the receiving state does not approve a diplomat on account of his past activities, he is

  24. A doyen of diplomatic corps
    An extraordinary ambassador
    A persona-non-grata

  25. Nigeria's idea of Africa as the centrepiece of her foreign policy includes all the following excep

  26. Support for Apartheid policy in South Africa
    Promotion of African Unity
    Settling of disputes in Africa

  27. The organ of Organization of African Unity (OAU) responsible for appointment of Secretary General

  28. Appointment committee
    Liberation committee
    Assembly of the Heads of State and Government

  29. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)

  30. Assembly of Heads of State
    Council of Ministers
    The Security Council

  31. The first agent of political socialization is the

  32. School
    Mass media
    Family

  33. Baron Montesquieu was noted for the theory of

  34. Rule of law
    Separation of power
    Delegated legislation

  35. Political sovereignty in the state resides with the

  36. Executive
    People
    National assembly

  37. A political system in which there is only one source of authority in a state is

  38. Confederal
    Presidential
    Unitary

  39. Which of the following best describes an absolute monarch

  40. He wields the supreme power in a state
    He is elected by an electoral college
    He has a fixed tenure of office

  41. Judicial independence means that the courts are independent of the

  42. Civil service and the bar
    Executive and the legislature
    Legislature and the Ministry of Justice

  43. A citizen expresses loyalty to his nation by

  44. Participating in sports
    Supporting political parties
    Singing the national anthem when required

  45. A citizen can participate in the politics of his country by

  46. Acquiring university education
    Attending international meetings
    Contesting for an elective post

  47. The office of the ombudsman is created to act as

  48. Spy for government
    An agency to redress maladministration
    Regulator of government activities

  49. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to be

  50. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

Civic Education OBJ Practice

Test how far you have learned your Civic Education Topics...
  1. Nigeria is a

  2. 1999
    1979
    1960

  3. Franchise means the right to

  4. Contest for political post
    Vote
    Join association

  5. Citizens who are legally qualified to vote form

  6. The electorates
    The constituency
    The executive council

  7. Who amongst the following personalities has never been INEC chairman

  8. Dr. Abel Guobadia
    Prof. Humphrey Nwosu
    Prof. Attahiru Jega

  9. One of the ways to ensure free and fair election is to

  10. Allow parties to campaign on election day
    Guarantee the security of electoral materials
    Appoint a politician as the chairman of the electoral commission

  11. One of the aims of citizenship education is to produce students with

  12. High sense of patriotism
    Creative skills
    Manipulative skills

  13. Victims of human trafficking are usually compelled to engage in

  14. Lucrative employment
    Visiting tourist sites
    Forced labour

  15. Negative behavior includes the following except

  16. Ostentation living
    Cultism
    Living within our means

  17. Inflation of figures, bad town planning and prohibitive religious beliefs are

  18. Modern day behavior pattern
    Problem of road construction pattern
    Bad behavioral patterns

  19. Civic education is the study of

  20. Activities of government
    Animals in the community
    Primary and secondary schools

  21. Which of the following is not a factor that promotes good values in the society

  22. Dishonesty
    Fairness
    Tolerance

  23. Standards, rules and criteria that influence and determine how individual behave in the society is

  24. Attitude
    Liberty
    Values

  25. Nigeria is a

  26. Colonial state
    Federation
    Confederation

  27. Which of the following is not a characteristic of federalism

  28. Two houses of legislature
    Power sharing between central, state and local government
    Power resides at the central government

  29. Who among the following is associated with the concept of the rule of law

  30. Jean Bodin
    A.V.Dicey
    Baron Montesquieu

  31. Consumer responsibilities indicates

  32. Franchise
    Making noise in the market
    Things ought to be done by the consumer

  33. Among other things, a consumer's right is

  34. Right to respect the environment
    Right to speak out
    Right to consumer education

  35. Which one is not a pillar of democracy

  36. Democratic institution
    People
    Fraudulent election

  37. Two-party system is one among the features of the following

  38. 1999 Constitution
    1989 Constitution
    1979 Constitution

  39. The origin of democracy is traceable to or associated with

  40. Egyptians
    Roman Empire
    Ancient Greeks

Bookkeeping Account Obj

  1. When a shareholder fails to pay the calls requested from him this situation leads to

  2. right issues
    forfeiture of share
    bonus share

  3. Which of the following is not a petty cash book item

  4. purchase of machinery
    purchase of stamp
    purchase of milk

  5. Into how many major types can general purpose computer be classified

  6. three
    six
    four

  7. A sale of goods to Audu was not posted. This is an error of

  8. principle
    compensation
    omission

  9. The total share capital which a company would be allowed to issue is known as

  10. authorized share capital
    working capital
    fixed capital

  11. Which of the following is not a unit of the computer

  12. console
    control
    input

  13. Computer programmes are

  14. micro processor
    memory
    software

  15. A statement that measures the performance of a business over a period of time is the

  16. profit and loss account
    balance sheet
    bank statement

  17. Which of the following is the basis of accounting in public service

  18. cash
    expenditure
    profit

  19. An expense is said to be revenue in nature if it

  20. reduces the capital of the business
    adds or contributes to the operating income of the business
    adds to or improves the value of fixed assets

  21. Which of the following is not correct

  22. credit purchases are entered on the debit side of the customers personal account
    returns inwards are entered on the credit side of the supplier's personal account
    returns outwards are entered on the debit side of the supplier's account

  23. When discount is allowed the accounting entry is debit discount allowed and credit

  24. expenses account
    debtors account
    suspense account

  25. When partners maintain fixed capital accounts the correct entries for a partner's share of profit

  26. debit profit and loss account credit current account,
    debit profit and loss appropriation account credit capital account
    debit current account credit capital account

  27. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  28. working capital
    loan capital
    preference capital

  29. Goodwill is taken into account in partnership when

  30. a partner becomes dominant
    a new partner is admitted
    the business is making huge profit

  31. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  32. preference capital
    working capital
    loan capital

  33. A class of preference shares in which dividend rights are carried forward is

  34. cumulative
    floating-rate
    redeemable

  35. When both debit and credit entries in respect of a transaction are made in the same ledger account

  36. this is a folio entry
    this is a ledger entry
    this is a centra entry

  37. A business operates on a markup of 25%. If cost of goods sold is #800000. What is the profit

  38. #40000
    #160000
    #200000

  39. If #280000 capital turns #485000 at year end and year drawings was #15000; find year profit

  40. #190000
    #265000
    #220000

English Language OBJ Practice

The below English language questions are fill in the gap
  1. The exercise presented us with a lot of problems but later it was all_____

  2. Plain
    Smooth
    Rough

  3. All the cattle on Lamidi's farm _____

  4. Is tick-free
    Are tick-free
    Is ticks-free

  5. _______ been no official reaction to your request yet

  6. There's
    Theres'
    Theirs'

  7. Kunle was annoyed for arriving late ______

  8. Also Kemi's rather insolent manner
    Also that Kemi's insolent manner
    And Kemi's rather insolent manner also

  9. Those men helped Dupe and _______

  10. Myself
    I
    Me

  11. You can stay here _______ as you are quiet

  12. As long
    So long
    In as much

  13. The Emir and conqueror of the enemy territories _________ next week

  14. Arrives
    Are to arrive
    Arrive

  15. He was ________ by the trickster

  16. Assisted
    Duped
    Cajoled

  17. ______ woman was attacked by a group of bandits

  18. A 90-years old
    A 90-year-old
    A 90 year-old

  19. He was angry with me ________ being treated nonchalantly

  20. For
    Of
    At

  21. The teacher with his wife ______ here

  22. Was
    Are
    Were to be

  23. ______ he would have been convicted

  24. If he could do this
    If he had done this
    If he did this

  25. What saved her was that she _______ to the side of the boat

  26. Had clinged
    Clung
    Clinged

  27. When we visited him, he offered us a variety of _______

  28. Hot
    Local
    Hard

  29. The exercise will be easily accomplished by the team if members _______ their ______

  30. Poor/resources together
    Pull/resources
    Pool/resources

  31. I have decided to ________ drinking alcohol for health reasons

  32. Abandon
    Give up
    Jettison

  33. I would like to ________ my father to Kaduna

  34. Accompany
    Follow
    Escort

  35. One ________ be too careful these days; times are uncertain and walls have ears

  36. Can't
    Shouldn't
    Need not

  37. I shall never be so tired _______ to write to you

  38. Such that I will be unable
    As not to be able
    That I shan't be able

  39. As you have been here before ________ lead the way

  40. You would better
    It is you who will
    You'd better

  41. My brother got married to a woman with ______

  42. Gorgeous
    Exquisite
    Decent

  43. The thief we caught yesterday was ________ manner

  44. Disguised
    Concealed
    Masked

  45. The carpenter asked for ten packets of ________ nails

  46. Fifteen centimetres'
    Fifteen-centimetres
    Fifteen-centimetre

  47. The President refused to shake ______ with the visiting Prime Minister

  48. Hand
    Hands
    His hand

  49. The trader companied that he ________ robbed

  50. Had been
    Has been
    Is being

Geography OBJ

  1. "Houses are far apart from one another. They are commonly connected by foot path" this description refers to.

  2. Despersed settlement
    Ribbon settlement
    Urban settlement

  3. An area is said to be overpopulated if

  4. It has more people than its developed physical and human resources can support
    There is not enough food to cater for the population
    There is rural urban migration

  5. Ports that specialize in receiving and redistributing goods to neighboring countries are

  6. River ports
    Inland ports
    Entre ports

  7. The major causes of change in population size are

  8. Birth, marriage and death
    Birth, accident and death
    Birth, death and migration

  9. The greatest problem associated with cattle rearing in west Africa is

  10. The presence of tsetse fly
    Inadequate capital
    Insufficient market

  11. Which of these African countries is noted for lumbering

  12. Uganda
    Congo
    Kenya

  13. Which of the following is not a favor of land transport to the economic development of any country

  14. Generation of income
    Diffusion of idea and innovation
    Depopulation of urban centres

  15. One of the functions performed by rural settlements for urban settlement is the provisions

  16. Of employment
    Of manufactured goods
    Of agricultural products

  17. Which of the following is the major benefit of international trade

  18. Stabilization of price
    Free movement of people across borders
    Revenue generation

  19. Perishable goods; items of high unit value (gold, diamond) are best transported by

  20. Rail
    Road
    Sea

  21. Which type of rock are quartzite, schist and mable

  22. Igneous
    Volcanic
    Metamorphic

  23. The process of headward erosion will lead to the formation of

  24. Alluvial cones
    Pot holes
    River capture

  25. The nearest planet to the sun is the

  26. Mercury
    Pluto
    Earth

  27. The longitude that joins longitude 180° at opposite side of the globe to form Great Circle

  28. Longitude 0°
    Longitude 170° W
    Longitude 30° E

  29. The part of the earth's crust that is covered by oceans and sea is called

  30. Ionosphere
    Hydrospere
    Biosphere

  31. Which of the following lines of latitudes divides the earth into two hemispheres

  32. Tropic of cancer
    Antarctic circle
    The equator

  33. In which part of the atmosphere does rain clouds develop

  34. Troposphere
    Stratosphere
    Thermosphere

  35. An example of an organically formed sedimentary rock is

  36. Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Coal

  37. Sills, dykes and batholiths are examples of

  38. Extrusive volcanic landform
    Intrusive volcanic landform
    Landforms from earthquake

  39. An advantage of air transport in the world is its

  40. High patronage
    Speedy movement of goods and passengers
    Ability to carry bulky goods

Biology Question Test 1

  1. Which of the following is not a courtship behavior exhibited by animals?

  2. A. pairing
    B. Hibernation
    C. display

  3. The process whereby micro-organisms convert atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compound is known as

  4. A. nitrogen fixation
    B. Putrefaction
    C. nitrogen cycle

  5. Which of the following organisms reduces nitrates in the soil to gaseous nitrogen

  6. A. nitrifying bacterium
    B. Parasitic mould
    C. Denitrifying bacterium

  7. Which of the following mineral salts is a trace element?

  8. A. hydrogen
    B. Carbon
    C. zinc

  9. A climax community is characterized by

  10. A. constant change in appearance of the habitat
    B. Gradual change in animal population
    C. A stable composition of plants and animals species

  11. Which of the following is not a characteristic of overcrowding in plant and animal community

  12. A. population outstripping available space
    B. Increase in primary production
    C. Population exceeding available food

  13. The use of predators or parasites to control pests in the farm is known as

  14. A. predator control
    B. Animal control
    C. Biological control

  15. Which of the following substances cannot control the growth of harmful microorganisms

  16. A. disinfectants
    B. Antibiotics
    C. Isotonic sugar solution

  17. Which of the following is the underlining principle in the adoption of biological control of pests

  18. A. the predator-prey relationship in the ecologically community
    B. The presence of poisonous chemicals in the farm
    C. Relationship between plants and animals

  19. The largest game reserve in Nigeria is the

  20. A. Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi State
    B. Oban Hills Game Reserve in Cross River State
    C. Zamfara Forest Reserve in Sokoto State

History And Philosophy Question Test 1

  1. ____ is the science for practical and efficiency

  2. A. entomology
    B. technology
    C. gerontology

  3. Michael Faraday studied ____

  4. A. Electricity and magnetism
    B. Engineering and innovation
    C. Aviation and movement

  5. Thomas Edison invented ____

  6. A. telephone
    B. badminton
    C. Electric light bulb

  7. First cosmology to give rational account of all physical phenomena was devised by

  8. A. Galileo Galilee
    B. Henry the Tudor
    C. Aristotle

  9. The Sumerians develop metallurgy and the use of ____

  10. A. compass
    B. Lunar calendar
    C. calculator

  11. Sir Isaac Newton formulated the law of universal gravitation

  12. A. fallacy
    B. certain
    C. dilemma

  13. Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 B.C.) pioneered the science of

  14. A. transportation
    B. horoscope
    C. mechanics

  15. ____ studied the chemistry of gases and and the nature of respiration and combustion

  16. A. Jack Doreen
    B. Karl Max
    C. Robert Hooke

  17. Classic learning vanished from Europe during

  18. A. Dark age
    B. Modern age
    C. Renaissance age

  19. The first periodic table of chemical elements were compiled by

  20. A. Dmitri Mendeleyev
    B. Charles Darwin
    C. Nicholas Copernicus

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1. The Sillerman First Book Prize for African Poets

2. Brunel International African Poetry Prize

3. Writing Contests, Grants & Awards | Poets & Writers

4. Mississippi Review Poetry Contest

5. Bayou Magazine's Kay Murphy Prize for Poetry

6. Gemini Magazine Poetry Open

7. The Colorado Review Prize for Poetry

8. USA Gold Pencils Student Poetry Contest

9. The Marsh Hawk Press Poetry Prize

10. The Backwaters Prize

11. Black River Chapbook Competition

12. Grist's Pro Forma Writing Contest

13. Tethered by Letters 2020 Spring Literary Contest

14. Juxtaprose 2020 Poetry Contest

15. The Cossack Review's October Poetry Prize

16. Boston Review Annual Poetry Contest

17. TIFERET Writing Contest

18. Boulevard Emerging Poets Contest

19. The Bitter Oleander Press Library of Poetry Award

20. Annual Gival Press Oscar Wilde Award