we Once Upon a Time Universe Redemption Arcs Ranked From Worst To Best ~ Naija Poets

ABC's Once Upon A Time loved a good villain.

However, what the show loved, even more, was redeeming a villain. As the show was all about hope and happy endings, this should come as no surprise.

Over the course of seven seasons and one 13-episode spinoff, Once Upon A Time redeemed a total of 13 villains.

Some of these redemption arcs were incredible and iconic, redefining redemption arcs for TV fans everywhere; others were lackluster and poorly executed.

Join us below as we rank redemption arcs from the OUAT universe, and yes, that includes Wonderland.

#13: Zelena AKA The Wicked Witch of The West

Zelena was first introduced on Once Upon A Time Season 3 Episode 12. We knew she was going to be the new big bad of the season.

Between following Robbie Kay's amazing performance as Peter Pan and reimagining the iconic villain from The Wizard of Oz, Zelena had her work cut out for her.

In fairness, Rebecca Madder did a fantastic job with the role. Zelena was absolutely wicked.

She killed Neal, enslaved Rumple, raped Robin to get back at Regina, and purposefully got pregnant to rub said pregnancy in her sister's face. That's saying nothing of what she did to Maid Marian, or that time she teamed up with King Arthur.

Zelena was as wicked as they come, and her backstory wasn't nearly sympathetic enough for us to feel sorry for her. She was whiney and entitled, blaming people who had nothing to do with the life she led.

All that aside, Once Upon A Time is a show about redemption arcs, and had Zelena's been handled more realistically and with a better timetable, it might have been more palatable.

Zelena's redemption was motivated by becoming a mother, learning to love her sister, and finding true love with a man.

Again, all of these things could arguably lead to redemption and did for others in the series.

However, instead of slowly getting one of these things so that they could really affect her, Zelena was hit with a triple threat and a quickie redemption over the course of a few episodes.

First, she becomes a mother (to a child she conceived by raping her sister's soulmate so that she could give him what the fertile Regina never could).

Quickly, we see her putting her child's safety first when she realizes her magic is hurting her. Good start.

Then, she and Regina, sisters and sworn enemies who did not grow up together, learn they met as children and were briefly close before their mother tore them apart and erased their memories. Okay. Weird. 

I'm all for Regina getting more family. Still, truthfully, after everything Zelena has done to Regina and all the hate and envy Zelena felt towards her, it's hard to believe the two could put the past aside simply because they now remember a brief kinship they shared as ten-year-olds.

Finally, we learn that Zelena once had a chance at True Love,  magic cure-all, with Hades, Lord of the Underworld.

Zelena decides to be happy with her ex, friends with her nemesis turned sister, and a loving mother. It's all a little quick and neat, isn't it?

Then, of course, the evil guy who loved her because they were both evil and full of envy chooses to keep being evil and wants her to keep being evil with him. She chooses her sister, which, given what we know of her, makes little sense.

Then, when a grieving Regina rejects Zelena, she teams up with her sister's "Evil-Half," and continues to be a villain. She never really switches sides completely or stops being a bitch to everybody.

They still call her redeemed and invite her to Thanksgiving, though, because, bygones?

It didn't seem like the writers intended to redeem Zelena when they first introduced the character. They kept her around because she was fun and witty, but she caused more problems than she solved.

Yet it was all quickly swept under the rug when it was convenient for them, and she's never made to answer for all the terrible things she did. 

Redeeming Zelena, and especially the how of it was terribly lazy writing. Even if you like her, you have to admit that that came out of nowhere.

They should have kept her the villain we love to hate, given her a slow and meaningful redemption arc, or, and this is my favorite, killed her off like they appeared to on Once Upon A Time Season 3 Episode 20 and never brought her back.

Of course, that would mean no baby Robin, and therefore, no MadArcher, which would be sad. Then again, maybe Regina's Robin wouldn't have died. It's a mixed bag.

However, I think we can all agree this was the worst redemption arc the show did. If they had to redeem Zelena, they could have done it way better. Plus, did they really have to?

#12: Rapunzel AKA Lady Tremaine AKA Victoria Belfrey

For those who didn't watch Once Upon A Time Season 7, this doesn't refer to the Rapunzel introduced on Once Upon A Time Season 3 Episode 14 or the Lady Tremaine introduced on Once Upon A Time Season 6 Episode 3.

This refers to Cinderella's evil step-mother from a New/Alternate Enchanted Forest introduced on Once Upon A Time Season 7.

We later learn that she is also an alternate Rapunzel, who turned evil because while she was locked in a Tower, her husband remarried, and she felt replaced.

Then, when her husband chooses to save the life of Ella, the daughter of his new wife, instead of their daughter Anastasia, she's overcome with grief and rage.

She's determined to save her comatose child, neglecting and berating the daughter she has left, Drizella, for daring to consider her husband's new wife a mother. Plus, she has her husband killed, abuses Ella, and does many other bad things.

Her story is sympathetic, but her treatment of her daughter is inexcusable. Plus, again, the abuse and killing of people.

In the end, Rapunzel sacrifices herself to save Drizella, the daughter she neglected and mistreated, from being killed by Mother Gothel, who locked her up all those years ago.

Now, sacrificing oneself to save a child is great redemption. The problem is that, not unlike Zelena's redemption, it came out of nowhere. Rapunzel was once willing to kill Drizella to save Anastasia.

After Drizella lets her mother know that she loved and missed her when she was locked up, Rapunzel suddenly decides she does love her daughter, and she's sorry and willing to die for her?

That doesn't add up. Not when Drizella went out of her way to show her mother loyalty, obedience, basically anything for a scrap of love in return and was repeatedly told she wasn't good enough for her mother to love because she wasn't Anastasia.

She apologizes in her last moments to make Drizella feel like she wanted her dead, but she did want her dead at one point.

Now, she's making it sound like it was all in her daughter's head. Drizella is left confused, thinking her mother loved her all along, and somehow she missed it. 

No. Rapunzel did not love Drizella all along. She clearly despised her for finding comfort in the maternal figure who was there when she was trapped and was willing to sacrifice her to bring back the daughter she believed missed her. 

She blamed a child who was barely old enough to remember her for wanting a mother and loving the only one she remembered having.

Maybe almost losing her could shock her into seeing the error of her ways, but it could have been written better if that was the case. 

#11: Cora AKA The Miller's Daughter AKA The Queen Of Hearts

Speaking of mothers who didn't love their daughter's enough, Cora was the epitome of that. One child she gave up, leaving her to die in the woods so being an unwed poor mother wouldn't hold her back.

And Zelena got the better deal than the child she kept. Cora repeatedly abused Regina, both mentally/emotionally and magically/physically.

It all culminated in Cora murdering Regina's boyfriend right in front of her to force her to marry a king old enough to be her father (and who nearly was).

Cora killed Queen Eva, Lancelot, countless others. She manipulated and hurt everybody who stood in her way, as well as those who stood by her side.

It seemed like she wasn't capable of compassion or love for anybody, and there was a reason for that. You see, as a young woman, Cora removed her heart from her chest, so its incessant feeling wouldn't keep her from her goals.

Cora was ruthless without her heart, and her redemption came when her heart returned to her chest moments before her death. She seems to finally see and love her daughter, telling her she would have been enough.

The idea seemed to be that had Cora kept her heart, she could have been a loving mother and a better person. When Once Upon A Time Season 2 Episode 16 aired, this line of thinking would have worked.

However, as the show evolved, we learned that people without hearts could love. It is with her heart missing from her chest on Once Upon A Time Season 3 that Regina not only finds love with Robin Hood but shares True Love's Kiss with her son Henry.

While completely heartless, Regina uses light magic based on love to stop the villain and save the day.

With this new information, we must look back at Cora's seeming redemption and wonder if it's fair to blame all her actions on her heartlessness. If we can't, then having her heart restored didn't redeem her at all, and she died as she lived, as a bitch.

#10: King Arthur

One of the big twists on Once Upon A Time Season 5 reveals that King Arthur, the hero of legend, was actually kind of a dick. He was obsessed with becoming a hero and a great ruler who saved Camelot as Merlin had foretold.

Because of this, he ignored his wife and his people to pursue the missing part of Excalibur, AKA the Dark One Dagger. In his absence, his wife, Guinevere, took care of the kingdom, and Lancelot took care of Guinevere.

When Arthur sees his obsession could cost him his marriage and his kingdom, instead of changing his ways, he uses magic to brainwash (and likely rape) his wife and his kingdom. Plus, he kills people.

Overall, Arthur was not a good dude, and he got him when Hades, Lord of the Underworld, killed him simply for being in his way.

It's in The Underworld that Arthur finds redemption. On Once Upon A Time Season 5 Episode 21, Arthur teams up with Hook to defeat Hades because he wants to move on to Mount Olympus instead of going to the bad place. 

On their quest, Hook and Arthur bond, saving each other and earning a Mount Olympus spot. Instead of moving on, Arthur decides to remain and rule over the Underworld, supposedly to save it from the villains who currently run it.

The thing is, Arthur didn't really change. He deduces that the prophecy that he would rule over a "broken kingdom" refers to The Underworld and not Camelot as he always thought. It's the destiny he's been chasing forever, so of course, he would do it.

His earning a spot at Mount Olympus has less to do with him changing and more to do with his role in defeating Hades, which is what Zeus wanted. He only helped in the first place to avoid eternal damnation.

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King Arthur In The Underworld - Once Upon a Time Season 5 Episode 21

Also, all the wrong he's done s still done. Guinevere is still cursed. He doesn't fix that or apologize to her.

I realize he's in no position to do so, being dead and all, but the fact that the consequences of all the bad he did are still in effect and he does nothing to rectify them is points against him.

Making Arthur a villain was a nice surprise, but his redemption was weak. The character wasn't likable, even as a guy you love to hate. Frankly, OUAT would have been better if the characters had never gone to Camelot, but that's a rant for another time.

#9: Rumpelstilskin AKA Mr. Gold AKA The Dark One AKA Detective Weaver

As I address in my post on how the writers of OUAT screwed Rumple over, Rumple's redemption was seemingly written into the series from the beginning. For the first two and a half seasons of the show, Rumple's redemption arc was picture perfect.

Then things started to go downhill. By Once Upon A Time Season 6, not all audience members wanted Rumple to be redeemed. He had backslid so many times. His redemption was hard to trust when it happened. 

Rumple's final redemption was death, which kind of fit because he had lived so long and deserved to rest. Plus, after everything he did, seeing him live would have left us questioning if he was going to backslide again.

Still, it would have been better if they had leaned into his initial redemption on Once Upon A Time Season 3 Episode 11 and let the character grow, instead of all the unnecessary back and forth. 

I could wax poetic on Rumple's mishandled redemption arc, but it would be redundant, as I already have in the post linked above. I encourage you to check that post out.

#8: Captain Hook AKA Killian Jones

One of the unusual and refreshing things about OUAT's redemption arcs, at least the ones they did well, was that instead of going for the familiar trope of person-redeems-themself-for-lover, they did the underrated and underused person-redeems-themself-for-their-child. 

Killian Jones is the exception to this. When we met Killian, he was a villain and a rather charming one. Fans loved him. It's no surprise that OUAT decided to redeem such a popular character, especially considering how much they love redemption arcs.

The first time Killian did "the right thing" was on Once Upon A Time Season 2 Episode 22. He put himself at risk to save the town and then again try and save Henry.

The implication at the time was that Killian's about-face was due to his guilt over having failed his almost stepson, Baelfire, long ago.

He nearly gave up his revenge once for the chance at a family with the son of the woman he loved. Now, he needed to save that man's son.

Many argue that Baelfire should have been Killian's redemption. However, fans wanted CaptainSwan, and the writers needed an excuse to keep a character without many ties to the main cast around, so Killian was redeemed through his love for Emma.

When compared to the redemption, an alternate wish universe version of his character found on Once Upon A Time Season 7, a redemption motivated by his love for his daughter Alice, it's clear which storyline holds up better.

Not only was Killian's redemption through romantic true love weaker than if he found it through fatherly love, but it wasn't consistent.

Killian's villainy stemmed from his desire to get revenge on Rumple. His redemption would require him to give that up.

However, despite the truce the two strike on Once Upon A Time Season 3, Killian still blackmails Rumple on Once Upon A Time Season 4 Episode 4 so that he can get his hand back.

Killian likes the Hook, and we like him with it. He said he wanted his hand back so he could hold Emma better on their date. His feelings for her motivated him to blackmail his old enemy, which only brought out the worst in both of them.

Later, when Killian becomes The Dark One, he gives in to the darkness entirely very quickly. He's willing to send the woman he loves and her friends to The Underworld. When he chickens out of his plan because he still loves Emma, he's called a hero.

How is he a hero for sacrificing himself to stop an evil scheme that he was causing? If you want to kill someone but change your mind, you aren't a hero for saving that person's life.

You're just not as bad as you were before. It's noble to turn yourself over to the cops afterward, but again, it doesn't make you a hero.

When Killian marries Emma on Once Upon A Time Season 6 Episode 20, he says that when they met, all that mattered to him was getting revenge, but she showed him that love was worth more. That implies he gave up his revenge, right?

Except that earlier in that same episode, he used Dreamshade, which he's been saving since Neverland, on Rumple. He admits it isn't just to get Rumple out of the way and stop his next plot.

Once it's all over, and the Black Fairy is defeated, he still intends to skin himself a crocodile. He still hates Rumple and still wants revenge on him.

The Killian of Once Upon A Time Season 7, by contrast, was bros with Rumple because they both cared for his daughter and her happiness. Their bond is so strong that when Rumple sacrifices himself for his final redemption, it's to save that Killian's life.

Killian was a great character, played by a talented and charming actor, and his redemption could have been a great arc. However, it was rather poorly handled.

For more on Killian's disappointing redemption arc, check out this TV Fanatic post by Sarah Novack.

#7: Ursula AKA The Sea-Witch

It made sense for Ursula to be redeemed. It wasn't hard to see it coming. Why? Because she was never all that evil.

When we learned Ursula's backstory, her motivation for turning to darkness was incredibly weak.

Yes, she grieved her mother, her father tried to control her, and when she showed Hook kindness, he betrayed her. These are all reasons to lose faith in goodness.

Still, it was clear she would look past all that and abandon villainy if she could just get her singing voice back. It was a quick fix, tied up in a neat little bow. Truthfully, it could have been fixed eons ago if it had occurred to Killian and/or Poseidon.

Also, this Ursula wasn't the one who tortured Ariel. That was Regina. Honestly, other than aiding Maleficent and Cruella occasionally, I'm a little foggy on what evil things she ever actually did.

She may have been disillusioned with good, less innocent and naive than she once was, but she wasn't really villain material.

As soon as we learn her backstory on Once Upon A Time Season 4 Episode 15, she is redeemed and then written out of the show.

Ursula's whole arc was more little mermaid than seas witch, and frankly, it was disappointing.

#6: August AKA Pinocchio

August was a fascinating character. He was flawed in a morally ambiguous way that the show lacked in its later seasons.

He did bad things, and many still don't excuse him for A) Abandoning Emma, B) Breaking up Swanfire, C) Calling the cops, D) Stealing the money, and/or E) Pretending to be Baelfire with Rumple.

Plus, he stole Tamara's money for the cure from The Dragon when he thought she needed it to cure her cancer. Granted, nobody really cares about Tamara, and she didn't even have cancer, but it was still a dick move.

Pinocchio had a difficult backstory, though not much time was spent on it. Fans were left to extrapolate motivations for his bad behavior.

Some justifications were that he had a bad childhood, being handed the responsibility of caring for an infant, on his own, in a new land, as a child himself.

He ran away from a bad foster situation and had to make it on his own in a land he didn't understand.

We don't really see that, though, except little snippets. We assume he struggled because it makes sense, but we don't see him struggle or understand how he ended up where he did.

We also have no clue about his life before becoming a real boy, save what we learned from the Disney movie. OUAT preaches monsters aren't born but made.

We didn't see August get made. We simply met him as an adult who made selfish, desperate choices. His backstory wasn't given enough screentime; the same can be said for his redemption arc.

While a regular presence on the majority of Once Upon A Time Season 1, August was mostly absent from Once Upon A Time Season 2 until Once Upon A Time Season 2 Episode 18, where he is redeemed.

Aside from being rushed, August's redemption is weird. He sacrifices and is rewarded for his selflessness by being aged down. He loses his memories of being August. It's supposed to be a fresh start and a happy ending.

This happy ending left many fans with a sour taste in their mouth. August, as we knew him, was basically erased.

Of course, we do see fully-grown August again. After ignoring his child counterpart for two years, the show needs him for plot reasons, so he is aged back up on Once Upon A Time Season 4 Episode 14, for plot reasons, and then forgotten.

#5: Maleficent

Maleficent's redemption wasn't half bad. She became a mother and put aside her evil goals to get to know her daughter. It's classic OUAT redemption, mother and child. What could be better?

Well, it might have helped if we knew why Maleficent was evil in the first place. We never learn that backstory. By the time a young Regina met Maleficent on Once Upon A Time Season 4 Episode 14, she's already put one princess under a sleeping curse.

We never learn what Briar Rose, the first sleeping beauty, did to make Mal hate her, and Mal's cursing of Aurora, the second sleeping beauty and Briar Rose's daughter, is done only done to punish her mother.

Unlike with Ursula, we have plenty of proof that Mal is evil, and it's clear motherhood softens her and that she wants to put her daughter first. However, without knowing why she was evil in the first place, it's hard to understand her redemption arc.

We don't know what she's turning her back on. We don't know if she was justified in her hatred, what happened to her that led her to this point, etc. This is why Maleficent isn't higher on this list. Her redemption worked, but it lacked context.

#4: Drizella Tremaine AKA Ivy Belfrey

Drizella was introduced on Once Upon A Time Season 7 as the evil step-sister of an alternate Cinderella from an alternate Enchanted Forest.

She was a compelling character with a compelling backstory. Her redemption, while slightly rushed, was relatively satisfying. The only real issue was that it was a tad repetitive.

Drizella was eerily similar to Regina, and her redemption arc was a mirror of the one The Evil Queen had gotten seasons ago.

There were differences, of course. However, between her issues with her mother, her choice to cast The Dark Curse, her search for love and acceptance, and her hairstyle, many felt Drizella was Regina-light.

However, as many enjoyed Regina's redemption arc, which was done way better than most on the show, it couldn't hurt to have something a bit similar.

Drizella's dynamic with Regina was also one of the highlights of her arc. Regina tried to mentor Drizella because she saw some of herself in the burgeoning witch, and she didn't want Drizella to turn into her. Best laid plans, and all that.

Drizella's redemption came from learning that her mother did love her, from having someone like Henry care about her, and, most of all, from rediscovering her relationship with her sister.

She was on a journey we would have liked to see more of, and it was sad to watch Drizella and Anastasia go through a portal and out of our lives, even if they had earned their happy ending.

Because, yes, even if it was a bit repetitive, Drizella's redemption did feel earned.

#3: Regina Mills AKA The Evil Queen

Regina's redemption arc is the most famous and popular redemption arc on the show. Fans saw themselves in her and rooted for her as she struggled to leave evil behind.

Regina's backstory was truly tragic. She was abused and manipulated by her mother her entire life, culminating in the murder of her boyfriend.

It was hard for Regina to understand love because of her mother's treatment of her. Then Rumple manipulated her and fed her hatred to make her into the monster he needed.

None of that excuses Regina's actions. She made her own choices. Still, it was hard not to feel for her when we saw all she's been through.

Regina just wanted to be loved, and she found love with the son she adopted.

She wasn't always the best mom to Henry, but that was sort of retconned later on in the show, where Regina was made out to be the epitome of a great mother.

We saw how much Regina loved her son, how she would sacrifice anything for him. Given that family was one of the cornerstones of Once Upon A Time, this made Regina's redemption inevitable and highly appealing.

Regina's redemption arc was not rushed. It was drawn out as we watched the character grow, realistically backslide slightly, and then, with the support of her new family, find her way to proper redemption.

Overall, it was well done. That being said, there were some flaws.

On Once Upon A Time Season 3 Episode 9, Regina admits that she doesn't regret any of the bad things she's done because if she hadn't, she wouldn't have her son.

Some have argued that her redemption is more about getting what she wants, i.e., a relationship with her son, than showing genuine remorse. She doesn't want to do better because she believes it's right.

She wants to do better because if she doesn't, she loses Henry, and given a choice, she wouldn't do anything different, even if it meant saving lives, as long as she got Henry.

That's an oversimplification of her sentiments, but it is an important point to make.

Regina may have ostensibly switched sides, but she occasionally crosses the line, such as when she stole Belle's heart to manipulate Rumple. Whether or not Rumple deserved that is debatable, but did Belle? I should think not!

There are also things she's never been held accountable for, such as raping and murdering Graham.

On Once Upon A Time Season 5 Episode 23, Regina goes so far as to call her past evil self an alter-ego known as The Evil Queen; she attempts to split herself off from that part of herself.

The Evil Queen was never an alter-ego. Regina only has one personality, and she needs to own her choices.

Despite these flaws, Regina's arc was inspiring for many. It had the staying power to last the length of the series and to keep people tuning in for it until the end. There's a reason Regina was one of the most popular characters on the show.

#2: Ingrid of Arandelle AKA The Snow Queen AKA Sarah Fisher

Ingrid was the villain on Once Upon A Time Season 4's Frozen arc, a response to the movie's popularity. While the arc was flawed at best, Ingrid herself was actually a great character with a compelling and satisfying redemption arc.

Much like the series's protagonist, Emma, and the film's protagonist, Elsa, Ingrid had a power show couldn't completely control. She feared her power, even if her sisters promised they would never fear her.

When Ingrid loses control and accidentally kills one of her sisters, the other turns on her and locks her up. This causes Ingrid to believe that someone without powers could never understand her and that her sister's support was false.

She becomes The Snow Queen, the villain of the Hans Christian Anderson story Frozen was based on. Her hurt causes her to lash out at everyone who doesn't have powers, while she still seeks companionship from those who do.

When Ingrid discovers that her sister did love her after all, she sees the error of her ways. Both of her sisters are dead, and she can't bring them back, but she can undo the curse she cast.

She's no longer angry. She's ready to accept her fate. Reversing the curse can only be accomplished with her death, and she willingly sacrifices herself, welcoming death and a chance to see her sisters again.

Ingrid's redemption is compelling because she acknowledges what she did was wrong, she apologizes to those she hurt, and she undoes the harm she inflicted at the cost of her own life.

#1: Anastasia AKA The Red Queen

Finally, the best redemption arc in the Onceverse was Anastasia from the spinoff, Once Upon A Time In Wonderland. This isn't surprising, as OUAIW is better than OUAT overall.

Anastasia, not unlike Drizella on Once Upon A Time Season 7, has an arc that mirrors Regina's.

Like both Regina and Drizella, she has a bad relationship with her mother.

Like Regina, she has a poor man she loves and wants to run away with.

Unlike Regina, she actually succeeds, only to discover that it is tough to be poor. She chooses comfort over love, and by the time she regrets her decision, it is too late to go back, or so she believes.

She's groomed by none other than Cora to be a ruthless ruler and sorceress. She ignores and kills her subjects without a thought. She conspires with Jafar to force the love she lost to come back to her.

It is only at her lowest (up until that point, at last) on Once Upon A Time In Wonderland Season 1 Episode 9 that she starts to regret her dark ways truly.

At the mercy of the subjects she mistreated, she realizes that she was a truly terrible queen and that despite all her power, nobody cares for her, and she has nobody but herself to blame for it.

When she once again has power, as the master of the genie in the lamp, she has the option to run from Jafar and start a new life. Instead, she decides to stay and fight for the people she failed.

She humbles herself to apologize to The White Rabbit, who she much wronged, and asks his help in saving Wonderland. She truly wants to right her wrongs, even if it is the more challenging thing to do.

When she is powerless once again, her wishes are made. She and Will are at the mercy of Jafar. She sends a message to Alice and Cyrus to save themselves.

She despises both of them and has no reason to think they would rescue her, but she wants some good to come from all the bad she has done.

At the end of Once Upon A Time In Wonderland Season 1 Episode 13, we see that Anastasia becomes the White Queen of Wonderland and that she and Will, her White King, fill the land with wonder once again.

Anastasia's arc has the positives of Regina's without the pitfalls. As she was a leading character on her show, as opposed to a temporary villain like Ingrid, her redemption took center stage and could be explored fully.

Also, it has a happy ending, which is what we want from these shows. Who needs a martyr?

Did we miss someone? Do you agree with the order? Disagree? Scroll down to Show Comments and let us know.

Once Upon A Time and Once Upon A Time In Wonderland are both available for streaming on Disney+.



source https://www.tvfanatic.com/2021/02/once-upon-a-time-universe-redemption-arcs-ranked-from-worst-to-b/

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    B. £3.50
    C. £5.00

  19. By selling some crates of soft drinks for #600.00, a dealer makes a profit of 50%. How much did the dealer pay for the drinks?

  20. A. #400.00
    B. #900.00
    C. #1200.00

This Day in History

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Physics Question Test 1

  1. Two bodies each carry a charge of 2.00 x 10-10C are 5cm apart. Calculate the magnitude of the force between the charges [1/4πε = 9.00 x 109 Nm2C-2]

  2. A. 1.44 x 10-7 N
    B. 1.44 x 10-11 N
    C. 7.20 x 10-9 N

  3. A wire 1.0m long and with cross-sectional area 2.0 x 10-7 m2 has a resistance of 0.1Ω. Calculate the electrical conductivity of the wire.

  4. A. 5.0 x 107 Ω-1 m-1
    B. 5.0 x 108 Ω-1 m-1
    C. 2.0 x 108 Ω-1 m-1

  5. A voltmeter is a device that

  6. A. Draws high current
    B. Has a very high resistance
    C. Is able to measure both voltage and current

  7. Which of the following actions will not increase the sensitivity of a moving coil galvanometer

  8. A. Using a week hair spring
    B. Increasing the area and number of turns of the coil
    C. Using a light pointer

  9. Fleming’s right hand rule is also called the

  10. A. Thumb rule
    B. Dynomo rule
    C. Screw rule

  11. A radioactive element has a decay constant of 0.077s-1. Calculate its half-life

  12. A. 0.5s
    B. 9.0s
    C. 13.0s

  13. Control in nuclear reactors is effected with boron rods because the rods have the ability to

  14. A. Slow down neutrons
    B. Absorbs electrons
    C. Absorbs neutrons

  15. Nuclear fission is preferred to nuclear fusion in the generation of energy because

  16. A. The by-product of fusion are very dangerous
    B. Very high temperatures are required for fusion
    C. Energy obtained from fusion is relatively smaller

  17. Which of the following defects of vision is as a result of the eye ball being too long

  18. A. Short sight
    B. Long sight
    C. astigmatism

  19. Which of the following devices converts heat energy to electrical energy

  20. A. thermocouple
    B. transformer
    C. thermostat

General Literature Questions

This aims to test how well you've learned your literature and literary devices.
  1. A question asked in a poem or drama which does not demand an answer before it makes an impact is

  2. Paradoxical question
    Heeding question
    Rhetorical question

  3. This question is intentionally left blank.

  4. Paradox
    Pun
    Oxymoron

  5. A deliberately negative understatement in expressing the opposite of the meaning is

  6. Litotes
    Hyperbole
    Antithesis

  7. Lines of regular recurrence in a poem constites

  8. theme
    alliteration
    refrain

  9. Pick the odd item out of the options listed below

  10. Epic
    Ode
    Allusion

  11. A literary device that creates a mental picture of a situation is

  12. Flashback
    Symbolism
    Imagery

  13. The paragraph in a prose can be compared to ________ in poetry

  14. Line
    Stanza
    Couplet

  15. Literary works are classified into ________

  16. Cantos
    Genres
    Episodes

  17. A couplet is formed by

  18. Five lines of poetry
    Two lines of poetry
    Two rhymed lines of poetry

  19. A speech in a play which a character speaks his or her thoughts alone is ______

  20. Aside
    Monologue
    Soliloquy

  21. A dirge is a poem sung

  22. At a birthday
    At a funeral
    To make folks happy

  23. This question is intentionally left blank.

  24. Proverb
    Paradox
    Meiosis

  25. A story which explains a natural phenomenon is

  26. Legend
    Parable
    Myth

  27. The term used to depict the freedom of a poet with language

  28. Poetic device
    Poetic diction
    Poetic licence

  29. A short witty saying is called

  30. Epitaph
    Limerick
    Epigram

English Language JAMB Question Test

Choose The Opposite In Meaning To The Words In Bracket
  1. It is surprising that this politician has now turned (renegade)

  2. A. militant
    B. corrupt
    C. loyal

  3. We intend to make the reception a (diurnal) event

  4. A. nightly
    B. weekly
    C. short

  5. The Permanent Secretary left his job (under a cloud)

  6. A. on a cloudy day
    B. with a clear record
    C. in disgrace

  7. Hypertension is a (debilitating) disease that everyone should prevent

  8. A. mortal
    B. enervating
    C. energizing

  9. The string was (taut)

  10. A. loose
    B. firm
    C. stretched

  11. Despite his laxity in other matters, Ojo's father drew (the line at) trauncy

  12. A. favoured
    B. rejected
    C. emphasized

  13. I'm not interested in buying that shirt, I think it's (overpriced)

  14. A. overrated
    B. priceless
    C. cheapqq

  15. The diminuitive figure bounces over the track with (unfathomable) lightness

  16. A. invigorating
    B. irresistible
    C. predictable

  17. Common sense requires that one should be (decorous) at formal gatherings

  18. A. courteous
    B. impolite
    C. incurious

  19. It is rare for a leader and his deputy to (see eye to eye)

  20. A. disagree
    B. respect each other
    C. be of one mind

Commerce OBJ Practice

Test how well you still remember your Commerce topics.
  1. Compulsory dissolution of a business can arise from

  2. an agreement by the owners
    a declaration by a court of law
    the termination of its life

  3. Governments impose import duties for the following reasons EXCEPT

  4. to raise revenue for other services
    to act as a retaliatory measure against other government
    to discourage the redistribution of income at home

  5. A demonstration of social responsibility by a business is the payment of

  6. Premium on insurance
    Interests on loans
    Taxes to government

  7. The production process that combines two or more raw materials into one end product is

  8. Merging
    Blending
    Synthesis

  9. Commerce is defined as the study of how

  10. man utilizes the resources in his physical environment
    Raw materials are changed into finished goods
    man produces, distributes and consumes his goods and services

  11. The type of activity which turns processed raw materials to consumer and industrial goods is

  12. Extraction
    Processing
    Manufacturing

  13. Which of these take place when firms producing at different stages in the same industry combine

  14. Cartel
    Conglomeration
    Vertical integration

  15. Tne of the main aims of the ECOWAS is to

  16. foster interchange of goods and services among member
    have one currency
    have common political system

  17. The last link in distribution is the

  18. consumer
    Retailer,
    Wholesaler

  19. When a cheque has special crossing it should be

  20. Paid into a named account
    cashed over the counter
    Paid to the drawee

  21. Which of the following towns was important to the trans-saharan traders

  22. enugu
    Owerri
    Kano

  23. The body controlling the installation an maintenance of phone in Nigeria is

  24. NICON
    NITEL
    NIPOST

  25. Retail outlets which sells from specialized vans are

  26. Mobile shop
    Minimart
    multiple shop

  27. A holding company assumes the control of it subsidiary through

  28. majority shareholding
    becoming the principal custom
    paying all the debts

  29. A cheque made payable to bearer

  30. can only be paid into an account
    is not regarded as a negotiable instrument
    can be negotiated for cash by any holder

Economics

Test Your Memory of Economics
  1. A government that wants to get more revenue will increase the tax on commodities with a

  2. low price elasticity of demand
    Building society
    low income elasticity of demand

  3. Which of the following is involved in the money market

  4. Stock exchange
    Commercial banks
    Building society

  5. Demand pull inflation can aptly be described as

  6. Persistent rise in prices due to increase in expenditure
    Reduction in government expenditure
    Inflation induced by rising costs of production

  7. In order to develop the banking habit of rural dwellers the traditional money lenders should be

  8. Subsidized
    Legalized
    Proscribed

  9. All rates of interest in a country are influenced by the

  10. Mortgage rate
    Wage rate
    Bank rate

  11. Exchange control is a weapon used in regulating

  12. Barter trade
    Stock exchange
    Internal trade

  13. When the marginal product is negative the total product will be

  14. Constant
    Decreasing
    At a maximum

  15. Physical productivity is affected by all the underlisted factors except the

  16. Quantity of input
    State of technology
    Price of output

  17. If a commodity has a high marginal utility its market price will be

  18. Stable
    High
    Zero

  19. Price fluctuation is a feature of

  20. Common market
    Imperfect market
    Supermarkets

  21. Which of the following statements is not a feature of a monopoly

  22. Seller is allowed to fix his own price
    Buyers and sellers are price takers
    New entrances are restricted

  23. The following are advantages of sole proprietorship except

  24. Quick and easy decision-making
    Keeping its business affairs private
    Assurance of raising huge capital for expansion

  25. Which of the following controls a limited liability company

  26. The managing director
    Tax payers
    The board of directors

  27. The main advantage of large scale production is that

  28. Decision-making is quick
    The quantity of the product increases
    Unit cost of production falls

  29. Gold diamond iron ore and limestone are collectively referred to as

  30. Mineral resources
    Artificial resources
    Human resources

  31. Points outside a production possibility curve indicate

  32. Unattainable production levels
    Attainable production levels
    Optimum production levels

  33. The introduction of tariffs and quotas

  34. Reduce the prices of imports
    Increase the demand for locally made goods
    Reduce the prices of locally made goods

  35. Which of the following is the main outcome of a trade Union's interference with the wage rate

  36. Lowered but more employment opportunities are created
    Lowered but employment level remains unchanged
    Increased and employment levels are unchanged

  37. The demand for money is described as a

  38. Competitive demand
    Joint demand
    Derived demand

  39. Which of the following best explains what to produce

  40. How much goods are to be produced
    The combination of resources to be used
    Which goods and services to be produced

  41. Post harvest losses in west African countries can be reduced if

  42. Better storage facilities could be provided
    Erosion is controlled
    More irrigation schemes could be provided

  43. Which of the following will enhance productivity in an economy

  44. The use of obsolete capital
    Technological change
    An increase in the labour force

Government OBJ Practice

  1. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to

  2. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

  3. Which of the following statement best describes an unwritten constitution

  4. The legislature is always unicameral
    The body of the rules and laws cannot all be found in a single document
    The source of the constitution is supreme court verdicts

  5. The process by which people vote to elect their representatives is called

  6. Electoral system
    Plebiscite
    Franchise

  7. Apart from making laws, the legislature has the important function of

  8. Implementing executive decisions
    Appointing the civil servants
    Checking the executive power

  9. Which of the following is a demerit of bicameral legislature

  10. The scope for political participation is limited
    Passing of bills into acts is delayed
    No safeguard for the minority groups

  11. One form of delegated legislation is

  12. Case laws
    Statutory instruments
    Conventions

  13. A system of government in which one level of government exercises an overwhelming authority over o

  14. Confederal
    Parliamentary
    Unitary

  15. A major weakness of a ine-party system is that

  16. It encourages the emergence of dictators
    It ensures freedom of political choice
    It negates the principle of one man one vote

  17. A multiparty system often leads to the formation of

  18. Coalition government
    Dual government
    Dictatorial government

  19. Under a two-party system, the opposition party is as important as the ruling party

  20. It has equal number of supporters as the ruling party
    It is as strong as the ruling party
    It is the alternative government

  21. Who among the following was dismissed from the Action Group at the Jos Congress of 1962

  22. Anthony Enahoro
    Ladoke Akintola
    Dauda Adegbenro

  23. If the receiving state does not approve a diplomat on account of his past activities, he is

  24. A doyen of diplomatic corps
    An extraordinary ambassador
    A persona-non-grata

  25. Nigeria's idea of Africa as the centrepiece of her foreign policy includes all the following excep

  26. Support for Apartheid policy in South Africa
    Promotion of African Unity
    Settling of disputes in Africa

  27. The organ of Organization of African Unity (OAU) responsible for appointment of Secretary General

  28. Appointment committee
    Liberation committee
    Assembly of the Heads of State and Government

  29. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)

  30. Assembly of Heads of State
    Council of Ministers
    The Security Council

  31. The first agent of political socialization is the

  32. School
    Mass media
    Family

  33. Baron Montesquieu was noted for the theory of

  34. Rule of law
    Separation of power
    Delegated legislation

  35. Political sovereignty in the state resides with the

  36. Executive
    People
    National assembly

  37. A political system in which there is only one source of authority in a state is

  38. Confederal
    Presidential
    Unitary

  39. Which of the following best describes an absolute monarch

  40. He wields the supreme power in a state
    He is elected by an electoral college
    He has a fixed tenure of office

  41. Judicial independence means that the courts are independent of the

  42. Civil service and the bar
    Executive and the legislature
    Legislature and the Ministry of Justice

  43. A citizen expresses loyalty to his nation by

  44. Participating in sports
    Supporting political parties
    Singing the national anthem when required

  45. A citizen can participate in the politics of his country by

  46. Acquiring university education
    Attending international meetings
    Contesting for an elective post

  47. The office of the ombudsman is created to act as

  48. Spy for government
    An agency to redress maladministration
    Regulator of government activities

  49. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to be

  50. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

Civic Education OBJ Practice

Test how far you have learned your Civic Education Topics...
  1. Nigeria is a

  2. 1999
    1979
    1960

  3. Franchise means the right to

  4. Contest for political post
    Vote
    Join association

  5. Citizens who are legally qualified to vote form

  6. The electorates
    The constituency
    The executive council

  7. Who amongst the following personalities has never been INEC chairman

  8. Dr. Abel Guobadia
    Prof. Humphrey Nwosu
    Prof. Attahiru Jega

  9. One of the ways to ensure free and fair election is to

  10. Allow parties to campaign on election day
    Guarantee the security of electoral materials
    Appoint a politician as the chairman of the electoral commission

  11. One of the aims of citizenship education is to produce students with

  12. High sense of patriotism
    Creative skills
    Manipulative skills

  13. Victims of human trafficking are usually compelled to engage in

  14. Lucrative employment
    Visiting tourist sites
    Forced labour

  15. Negative behavior includes the following except

  16. Ostentation living
    Cultism
    Living within our means

  17. Inflation of figures, bad town planning and prohibitive religious beliefs are

  18. Modern day behavior pattern
    Problem of road construction pattern
    Bad behavioral patterns

  19. Civic education is the study of

  20. Activities of government
    Animals in the community
    Primary and secondary schools

  21. Which of the following is not a factor that promotes good values in the society

  22. Dishonesty
    Fairness
    Tolerance

  23. Standards, rules and criteria that influence and determine how individual behave in the society is

  24. Attitude
    Liberty
    Values

  25. Nigeria is a

  26. Colonial state
    Federation
    Confederation

  27. Which of the following is not a characteristic of federalism

  28. Two houses of legislature
    Power sharing between central, state and local government
    Power resides at the central government

  29. Who among the following is associated with the concept of the rule of law

  30. Jean Bodin
    A.V.Dicey
    Baron Montesquieu

  31. Consumer responsibilities indicates

  32. Franchise
    Making noise in the market
    Things ought to be done by the consumer

  33. Among other things, a consumer's right is

  34. Right to respect the environment
    Right to speak out
    Right to consumer education

  35. Which one is not a pillar of democracy

  36. Democratic institution
    People
    Fraudulent election

  37. Two-party system is one among the features of the following

  38. 1999 Constitution
    1989 Constitution
    1979 Constitution

  39. The origin of democracy is traceable to or associated with

  40. Egyptians
    Roman Empire
    Ancient Greeks

Bookkeeping Account Obj

  1. When a shareholder fails to pay the calls requested from him this situation leads to

  2. right issues
    forfeiture of share
    bonus share

  3. Which of the following is not a petty cash book item

  4. purchase of machinery
    purchase of stamp
    purchase of milk

  5. Into how many major types can general purpose computer be classified

  6. three
    six
    four

  7. A sale of goods to Audu was not posted. This is an error of

  8. principle
    compensation
    omission

  9. The total share capital which a company would be allowed to issue is known as

  10. authorized share capital
    working capital
    fixed capital

  11. Which of the following is not a unit of the computer

  12. console
    control
    input

  13. Computer programmes are

  14. micro processor
    memory
    software

  15. A statement that measures the performance of a business over a period of time is the

  16. profit and loss account
    balance sheet
    bank statement

  17. Which of the following is the basis of accounting in public service

  18. cash
    expenditure
    profit

  19. An expense is said to be revenue in nature if it

  20. reduces the capital of the business
    adds or contributes to the operating income of the business
    adds to or improves the value of fixed assets

  21. Which of the following is not correct

  22. credit purchases are entered on the debit side of the customers personal account
    returns inwards are entered on the credit side of the supplier's personal account
    returns outwards are entered on the debit side of the supplier's account

  23. When discount is allowed the accounting entry is debit discount allowed and credit

  24. expenses account
    debtors account
    suspense account

  25. When partners maintain fixed capital accounts the correct entries for a partner's share of profit

  26. debit profit and loss account credit current account,
    debit profit and loss appropriation account credit capital account
    debit current account credit capital account

  27. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  28. working capital
    loan capital
    preference capital

  29. Goodwill is taken into account in partnership when

  30. a partner becomes dominant
    a new partner is admitted
    the business is making huge profit

  31. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  32. preference capital
    working capital
    loan capital

  33. A class of preference shares in which dividend rights are carried forward is

  34. cumulative
    floating-rate
    redeemable

  35. When both debit and credit entries in respect of a transaction are made in the same ledger account

  36. this is a folio entry
    this is a ledger entry
    this is a centra entry

  37. A business operates on a markup of 25%. If cost of goods sold is #800000. What is the profit

  38. #40000
    #160000
    #200000

  39. If #280000 capital turns #485000 at year end and year drawings was #15000; find year profit

  40. #190000
    #265000
    #220000

English Language OBJ Practice

The below English language questions are fill in the gap
  1. The exercise presented us with a lot of problems but later it was all_____

  2. Plain
    Smooth
    Rough

  3. All the cattle on Lamidi's farm _____

  4. Is tick-free
    Are tick-free
    Is ticks-free

  5. _______ been no official reaction to your request yet

  6. There's
    Theres'
    Theirs'

  7. Kunle was annoyed for arriving late ______

  8. Also Kemi's rather insolent manner
    Also that Kemi's insolent manner
    And Kemi's rather insolent manner also

  9. Those men helped Dupe and _______

  10. Myself
    I
    Me

  11. You can stay here _______ as you are quiet

  12. As long
    So long
    In as much

  13. The Emir and conqueror of the enemy territories _________ next week

  14. Arrives
    Are to arrive
    Arrive

  15. He was ________ by the trickster

  16. Assisted
    Duped
    Cajoled

  17. ______ woman was attacked by a group of bandits

  18. A 90-years old
    A 90-year-old
    A 90 year-old

  19. He was angry with me ________ being treated nonchalantly

  20. For
    Of
    At

  21. The teacher with his wife ______ here

  22. Was
    Are
    Were to be

  23. ______ he would have been convicted

  24. If he could do this
    If he had done this
    If he did this

  25. What saved her was that she _______ to the side of the boat

  26. Had clinged
    Clung
    Clinged

  27. When we visited him, he offered us a variety of _______

  28. Hot
    Local
    Hard

  29. The exercise will be easily accomplished by the team if members _______ their ______

  30. Poor/resources together
    Pull/resources
    Pool/resources

  31. I have decided to ________ drinking alcohol for health reasons

  32. Abandon
    Give up
    Jettison

  33. I would like to ________ my father to Kaduna

  34. Accompany
    Follow
    Escort

  35. One ________ be too careful these days; times are uncertain and walls have ears

  36. Can't
    Shouldn't
    Need not

  37. I shall never be so tired _______ to write to you

  38. Such that I will be unable
    As not to be able
    That I shan't be able

  39. As you have been here before ________ lead the way

  40. You would better
    It is you who will
    You'd better

  41. My brother got married to a woman with ______

  42. Gorgeous
    Exquisite
    Decent

  43. The thief we caught yesterday was ________ manner

  44. Disguised
    Concealed
    Masked

  45. The carpenter asked for ten packets of ________ nails

  46. Fifteen centimetres'
    Fifteen-centimetres
    Fifteen-centimetre

  47. The President refused to shake ______ with the visiting Prime Minister

  48. Hand
    Hands
    His hand

  49. The trader companied that he ________ robbed

  50. Had been
    Has been
    Is being

Geography OBJ

  1. "Houses are far apart from one another. They are commonly connected by foot path" this description refers to.

  2. Despersed settlement
    Ribbon settlement
    Urban settlement

  3. An area is said to be overpopulated if

  4. It has more people than its developed physical and human resources can support
    There is not enough food to cater for the population
    There is rural urban migration

  5. Ports that specialize in receiving and redistributing goods to neighboring countries are

  6. River ports
    Inland ports
    Entre ports

  7. The major causes of change in population size are

  8. Birth, marriage and death
    Birth, accident and death
    Birth, death and migration

  9. The greatest problem associated with cattle rearing in west Africa is

  10. The presence of tsetse fly
    Inadequate capital
    Insufficient market

  11. Which of these African countries is noted for lumbering

  12. Uganda
    Congo
    Kenya

  13. Which of the following is not a favor of land transport to the economic development of any country

  14. Generation of income
    Diffusion of idea and innovation
    Depopulation of urban centres

  15. One of the functions performed by rural settlements for urban settlement is the provisions

  16. Of employment
    Of manufactured goods
    Of agricultural products

  17. Which of the following is the major benefit of international trade

  18. Stabilization of price
    Free movement of people across borders
    Revenue generation

  19. Perishable goods; items of high unit value (gold, diamond) are best transported by

  20. Rail
    Road
    Sea

  21. Which type of rock are quartzite, schist and mable

  22. Igneous
    Volcanic
    Metamorphic

  23. The process of headward erosion will lead to the formation of

  24. Alluvial cones
    Pot holes
    River capture

  25. The nearest planet to the sun is the

  26. Mercury
    Pluto
    Earth

  27. The longitude that joins longitude 180° at opposite side of the globe to form Great Circle

  28. Longitude 0°
    Longitude 170° W
    Longitude 30° E

  29. The part of the earth's crust that is covered by oceans and sea is called

  30. Ionosphere
    Hydrospere
    Biosphere

  31. Which of the following lines of latitudes divides the earth into two hemispheres

  32. Tropic of cancer
    Antarctic circle
    The equator

  33. In which part of the atmosphere does rain clouds develop

  34. Troposphere
    Stratosphere
    Thermosphere

  35. An example of an organically formed sedimentary rock is

  36. Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Coal

  37. Sills, dykes and batholiths are examples of

  38. Extrusive volcanic landform
    Intrusive volcanic landform
    Landforms from earthquake

  39. An advantage of air transport in the world is its

  40. High patronage
    Speedy movement of goods and passengers
    Ability to carry bulky goods

Biology Question Test 1

  1. Which of the following is not a courtship behavior exhibited by animals?

  2. A. pairing
    B. Hibernation
    C. display

  3. The process whereby micro-organisms convert atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compound is known as

  4. A. nitrogen fixation
    B. Putrefaction
    C. nitrogen cycle

  5. Which of the following organisms reduces nitrates in the soil to gaseous nitrogen

  6. A. nitrifying bacterium
    B. Parasitic mould
    C. Denitrifying bacterium

  7. Which of the following mineral salts is a trace element?

  8. A. hydrogen
    B. Carbon
    C. zinc

  9. A climax community is characterized by

  10. A. constant change in appearance of the habitat
    B. Gradual change in animal population
    C. A stable composition of plants and animals species

  11. Which of the following is not a characteristic of overcrowding in plant and animal community

  12. A. population outstripping available space
    B. Increase in primary production
    C. Population exceeding available food

  13. The use of predators or parasites to control pests in the farm is known as

  14. A. predator control
    B. Animal control
    C. Biological control

  15. Which of the following substances cannot control the growth of harmful microorganisms

  16. A. disinfectants
    B. Antibiotics
    C. Isotonic sugar solution

  17. Which of the following is the underlining principle in the adoption of biological control of pests

  18. A. the predator-prey relationship in the ecologically community
    B. The presence of poisonous chemicals in the farm
    C. Relationship between plants and animals

  19. The largest game reserve in Nigeria is the

  20. A. Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi State
    B. Oban Hills Game Reserve in Cross River State
    C. Zamfara Forest Reserve in Sokoto State

History And Philosophy Question Test 1

  1. ____ is the science for practical and efficiency

  2. A. entomology
    B. technology
    C. gerontology

  3. Michael Faraday studied ____

  4. A. Electricity and magnetism
    B. Engineering and innovation
    C. Aviation and movement

  5. Thomas Edison invented ____

  6. A. telephone
    B. badminton
    C. Electric light bulb

  7. First cosmology to give rational account of all physical phenomena was devised by

  8. A. Galileo Galilee
    B. Henry the Tudor
    C. Aristotle

  9. The Sumerians develop metallurgy and the use of ____

  10. A. compass
    B. Lunar calendar
    C. calculator

  11. Sir Isaac Newton formulated the law of universal gravitation

  12. A. fallacy
    B. certain
    C. dilemma

  13. Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 B.C.) pioneered the science of

  14. A. transportation
    B. horoscope
    C. mechanics

  15. ____ studied the chemistry of gases and and the nature of respiration and combustion

  16. A. Jack Doreen
    B. Karl Max
    C. Robert Hooke

  17. Classic learning vanished from Europe during

  18. A. Dark age
    B. Modern age
    C. Renaissance age

  19. The first periodic table of chemical elements were compiled by

  20. A. Dmitri Mendeleyev
    B. Charles Darwin
    C. Nicholas Copernicus

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Blog Archive

LIST OF POETRY CONTEST WEBSITES

1. The Sillerman First Book Prize for African Poets

2. Brunel International African Poetry Prize

3. Writing Contests, Grants & Awards | Poets & Writers

4. Mississippi Review Poetry Contest

5. Bayou Magazine's Kay Murphy Prize for Poetry

6. Gemini Magazine Poetry Open

7. The Colorado Review Prize for Poetry

8. USA Gold Pencils Student Poetry Contest

9. The Marsh Hawk Press Poetry Prize

10. The Backwaters Prize

11. Black River Chapbook Competition

12. Grist's Pro Forma Writing Contest

13. Tethered by Letters 2020 Spring Literary Contest

14. Juxtaprose 2020 Poetry Contest

15. The Cossack Review's October Poetry Prize

16. Boston Review Annual Poetry Contest

17. TIFERET Writing Contest

18. Boulevard Emerging Poets Contest

19. The Bitter Oleander Press Library of Poetry Award

20. Annual Gival Press Oscar Wilde Award