we Breathing In Life: Snowpiercer's Aleks Paunovic Reveals What Fuels His Passions ~ Naija Poets

Aleks Paunovic stands out in a crowd in many ways. At 6'5" tall, he quite literally towers over most people, but, honestly, it's his incredibly friendly and enthusiastic demeanor that is most memorable.

He is one busy guy and has been for quite a while. The odds are excellent that you've seen him on both small and big screens in his roles on TV shows like Van Helsing, iZombie, and Dirk Gently's Holistic Detective Agency, as well as films like War for the Planet of the Apes, Numb, and Percy Jackson: Sea of Monsters.

Even just talking over the phone, it's hard not to get swept up in his passionate approach to the various projects he's working on and dreaming about.

Most recently, he's been winning (and breaking) hearts as Breachman Bojan "Boki" Boscovic aboard TNT's hit show, Snowpiercer. With the Snowpiercer Season 2 finale nearing and Season 3 filming already on the way, what does the future hold for The Last Breachman?

Paunovic spoke with TV Fanatic from an undisclosed location that was definitely not Vancouver, BC, Canada, where Snowpiercer films. So, what gives? Where's Boki in Snowpiercer Season 3?

"We're working that out right now. Timing-wise, it looks like I'll be back, hopefully, by the last half of Season 3."

Whew. That's a relief to hear.

"Believe me; I don't want not to do this character. I love this character so much. We're going to do everything we can to make this work."

With the infamously long post-production Snowpiercer Season 1 had, Paunovic has lived with and learned about Boki for over three years now.

It turns out it was a relationship that began right at the auditions where Paunovic, whose mother is Croatian and father is Serbian, improvised a Serbian accent for the Polish character he was reading for.

"So I did the audition and a few [callbacks]. Then, when I got the job, I talked to Graeme Manson and said, 'You know, it'd be really interesting if we could make this character Serbian so that I can keep the improv, and it'll be more authentic. But if it's integral to the story to keep him Polish, I totally understand.'

"And he thought it was interesting and wanted an unassuming name. So when I mentioned 'Boki,' he liked that. It was basically a tip of the cap to my brother because my brother's name is Bojan, and his nickname's Boki.

"To have this emotional and blood family connection with the name, with my brother, and keeping it Serbian, keeping the heritage, this character is so close to me; it feels like it is me. So there's something just really beautiful in that aspect of it.

"And then the evolution of the character. [He starts as] this boisterous, jovial dude who doesn't care about anything else except having fun and fixing the train.

"Breachmen are in their own class because it's the most dangerous job. To see the camaraderie between them, and [also] his devotion for Mr. Wilford because he's the one who kind of brought him into this and treated him like his own son.

"And so, while this is happening in the show, I get to really use the emotionality of it. Like, losing my Breachmen is something... They're family. They're more than family.

"So to see the evolution of the character from the boisterous, jovial guy in the first season to see the trauma he's going through, the pain that he's going through. It's just a testament to the writers and gives me a lot more to play with to tell the story of Boki."

Throughout Season 1, fans looking for more information on the show on IMDB found themselves staring at the cold and frosty face of Breachman Boki. Did Paunovic know that he was going to be the face of the show on IMDB?

"I did not know that! When I saw that on IMDB, and people were sending it to me, I was just like, 'Are you kidding me?!?' Yeah, I had no idea; it's pretty awesome.

It's easy to see why the image was chosen. While everyone else sees The Freeze as the end of their world, Boki just breathes in the cold, ready to do his job.

"It's one of those things I envisioned. This is where he's needed. That cold gives his life some meaning. He doesn't look at it as it being cold; he looks at it as being salvation.

"He's adapted to it because of the job he's been asked to do. When he's breathing in the cold, he's breathing in life; he's breathing in the meaning of his life on Earth.

"He's the only one that can do it, and your brain can switch gears like that, and just go, 'Okay. This is where I'm needed; it's the most dangerous job. I'm gonna take it, and I'm gonna love it.'"

Growing up in Winnipeg (aka WINTER-peg), Manitoba, Canada, Paunovic is familiar with true cold. Did that inform any of Boki's reactions to the -117 degrees Celsius temperatures Snowpiercer exists in?

"Absolutely! Honestly? There was a time when I was in Winnipeg with the guys in the band that I played, where we had to walk to our rehearsal hall, and it was freezing.

"But I remember the joy of going with those guys to the rehearsal hall and breathing in that cold air that frosts your nose hair, and roses your cheeks, and that feeling of doing something with other people. It was amazing even though it was so cold. That's definitely what I was envisioning during that scene."

(If you're curious about the band in question, Specula Black, check out the video above, recorded 30 years ago! They've recently released a remastered five-song demo on all streaming sites. Check it out when you have a chance!)

Snowpiercer has dramatically shifted gears between Seasons 1 and 2. Having been on board since the beginning, what is Paunovic's take on the changes?

"The first season was the revolution, setting everything up, understanding the classes. I think it's great how they did the show, where you get to immerse yourself in all three classes, and feel like you're a part of the Tail, feel like you're a part of First Class.

"And I think that gives a ton of lenience to the character development. So Season 1 was basically setting everything up and getting the vibe of each class.

"I think in Season 2, we understand the classes now, we understand the trials and tribulations, and now the revolution is looking for a better way to live, and everyone should live a certain way.

"For Boki and the Breachmen, the only reason why we're here is because of Wilford. We're not turning our back on Wilford. When it's time for us to make our move, we'll make our move, but right now, we're just sitting tight.

"You guys can do your thing. We'll come out when we're ready, and when we do, it's definitely going to be something that's going to be not forced upon us, like the revolution was trying to do, but it'll be our call. It all lies within Mr.Wilford for us. He is the man for us."

On Snowpiercer Season 2 Episode 3, Roche and Till venture into the Breachworkers' train car, humorously dubbed "Muscle Breach," according to the sign outside.

This is the first time viewers get to see all the Breachworkers together, in their own space. It had the vibe of a fire hall when firefighters aren't on a call in many ways.

"It definitely did! Definitely felt like that. I love that, I love that idea, [comparing it] with a fire hall, and now we're completely in the other realm, where now it's about the cold. We're fighting the cold, and not the fire, so it's kind of really interesting how they made that happen."

The camaraderie among the Breachworkers is a genuine affection that one cannot miss, whether in Muscle Breach or drinking in The Chains.

"It's interesting because I wanted that vibe. Cherry (Camille Ateve), she played her stuff so great, and I was like, we gotta feel like we're so comfortable in small spaces, and we have to be a family in this, and that's the only way to survive.

"We go out of our way to make sure it's a family. And I really tried, in between shots, and just talking to them before we would shoot, you know, just getting that touchy-feely thing happening.

"It's a group that is so comfortable with each other and loves being with each other and wear the emblem of Muscle Breach and the Breachmen on our chest. Like that, that to me, [means] they're lifers.

"I wanted to make sure that you see the relationships between everyone, how they love being together, and the physicality makes that something so visual. It was definitely something I thought about and wanted to make part of the show."

That use of physicality and proximity to convey emotion and relationships is something Paunovic has explored personally by performing live theatre.

In 2010, and again in 2012, he played the title role in John Patrick Shanley's play, Danny and the Deep Blue Sea, on stage to great critical acclaim.

An intense, dangerous foray into a volatile relationship, its use of tight spaces and big emotions is a lesson in craft Paunovic continues to use in his performances.

"Danny and the Deep Blue Sea! You're right. That was something that you just need to [give in to]. It's energetic, allowing both energies to say it's okay to be in that proximity and share the energies.

"And I feel like that was definitely something that we did in Danny and the Deep Blue Sea, and it was a conscious effort for Snowpiercer to make sure that scene was something that we were together in."

Colleague Chelsea Harris, who plays Sykes, Wilford's intimidating advisor and operative, mentioned in a recent interview with TV Fanatic that the train cars are on rollers to simulate the train movement.

As a Breachworker, whose job takes him out and all over the train's exterior, that dynamic nature to the set adds a whole other element to shooting his scenes.

"We're actually on the train, we're doing the work on the train, and the green screen is all behind us. But the train is literally the train. In one of the episodes, I'm outside of the train, and I'm hanging off of it.

"It was an amazing day for our stunt team, who are phenomenal. And they let me do all the action! It was tough -- and tough on the old body -- but it was so exhilarating.

"They had these massive fans, blowing all the snow, and I can't really hear anybody calling 'Action!' I'm just doing it until the fans stopped. There are some precarious moments where I'm flying, kind of like being swung back and forth to try to get the object out, and that was literally us doing that. I'm so happy they let me do it."

As the production often shoots a lot more footage than they'll need, cast members often have no idea what will make the final product. Paunovic is circumspect about how much needs to be cut, recognizing that good editing will only intensify those scenes.

"It was a full, full day of shooting. I think we did it over a couple of days. Obviously, I haven't seen it yet, so I'm really curious about how they shot it and how much of it they shot.

"For instance, the scene where I'm crying because of the Breachmen, there was a whole huge part that was in the show when we shot it that didn't make the edit. It was a big, emotional scene, but it made sense because you see that range of emotion when I see The Last Australian (Aaron Glenane).

"I thought it was one of those cuts where you go, 'Oh, man, that was such a great part of that scene..', but when you watch the show, you go, 'I'm so glad they took that out because it almost felt repetitious.' It made that Last Australian encounter that much more vicious."

The scene with The Last Australian takes place on Snowpiercer Season 2 Episode 7 and, as evidenced by the behind-the-scenes footage shared by castmate Kwasi Thomas (who plays Tailie lieutenant Z-Wreck), a lot of effort goes into creating that viciousness.

Near the end of the scene, Thomas makes a fearless leap onto Paunovic's back to restrain him.

Paunovic laughs, reliving the work. "We did it like, I think, five, five, or six times. It was adorable the way he jumps on me to do stuff."

In keeping with everyone TV Fanatic has spoken to from Snowpiercer, Paunovic is keen to expound on the power of the ensemble togetherness on this show.

"I think it all starts from the leads. It all starts from the top. Graeme Manson wants everybody involved. Directors and producers treat you like you're a part of the team.

"Mickey Sumner, Stephen Ogg, O'Malley, everybody, they make you feel a part of a team, and it just literally gives you more freedom to know that your contribution matters.

"It's always, always a great feeling for an actor that's coming into a show or [who is] already part of an ensemble. The idea's that the welcoming helps you be more creative.

"I've been on shows where it wasn't that, and you just want to do your job and stay within the lines. You just want to do your job and get out, basically. And it's not a very great feeling a lot of the time when you have that experience.

"But with Snowpiercer -- and I was fortunate enough with Van Helsing to really have that -- but with Snowpiercer, it's the exact same vibe, where everybody wants everyone to succeed, to make this show better. And you really feel that from the extras to the leads."

As with all productions, COVID-19 disrupted the final days of filming of Season 2. Graeme Manson shared in July 2020 that they were only 7 or 9 days out from wrapping the season. Paunovic felt the change the pandemic had wrought when he rejoined the team later that summer.

"Yeah, I went in after COVID hit, and we were cleaning up and shooting some of the last couple of episodes. It definitely was a different vibe. The protocols needed to be done, but it was a different feel because, you know, I'm a big, touchy-feely guy. I love huggin' people, and high-fiving, and, you know, joking around.

"To have that removed from set was just a little weird for me. But, everybody rose to the occasion. We got it done, but it was very trippy, to be sure."

Protocols remain strict for everyone's safety on his current project as well.

"Well, we're doing three tests a week. Everyone's getting picked up in their own vehicle. Even traveling from set to circus, everyone's got their own vehicle. It's a massive production here, so they can afford to do that.

"But all the protocols are in place. We were shooting outside the other day, and we had the Covid officers just reminding everyone, and you know everyone's staying on point. It's a different way to live, and it's the new norm.

"Hopefully, it will go away to the point where we can go back to where we were. Production's rolling, and yeah, it's a monster, so they're really taking the safety into account."

With all the major franchises and productions Paunovic has been a part of in his career, was there a moment where he felt that he had truly arrived as an actor?

"Oh, man. Huh. I don't know. Van Helsing was the first gig that I was really a part of. For five seasons. That family aspect where you go on set, you know everybody.

"That was like that in Season 1, with Simon Barry, Neil LaBute, Jonathan Walker, and everyone that's a part of the show. It just felt right, right away.

"And to have that for five years! I'm a huge advocate of people that come on the show, and I want to welcome them. I want to host them and have them have an amazing time on the show.

"Like I said, I've experienced not being on a good show and not feeling great with my work, and then somebody makes me [feel welcome]. Like Supernatural. Those guys? Those guys are the best hosts I've ever come across. And they've done fifteen seasons of that! You can ask anybody that has been on that show. They're the best hosts!

"The way they made me feel the first time I did the show, I was just like, 'This! This is what I'm supposed to feel like!'

"You know, I want to make other people feel that. And that's what Van Helsing allowed me to do.

"I felt like that was the moment, shooting that show. I feel like I can have more experiences like this and be in this position to elevate a show and elevate the people around me.

"So that's when I kinda really felt like this is where I want to live. I want to live in these types of scenarios."

As someone who is always open to new opportunities, what sort of role does Paunovic dream of taking on one day?

"I love the idea of one of the characters in True Detective. You know, like the True Detective-type vibe, because I'm usually the guy committing the crime in shows. So it would be nice actually to solve them a bit, once in a while.

"But to have that partnership and a chemistry with another actor, but having it layered that deeply, that's something I would love to do for sure."

As busy as he's been, he's been able to sneak in some escapism in his down-time in the rebooted 80s nostalgia of Netflix's Cobra Kai.

"Honestly, I have been addicted. I watched that whole thing, and it was so smartly done how they cut between the old stuff and the new stuff. And I thought the actor that plays Johnny (William Zabka) is just phenomenal in the show. So yeah, that's been my guilty pleasure. 

"It was just great to watch because it has the cool, really cool fight scenes, really great stuff, a little bit of the 80's type vibe, and they had the 80's music.

Aleks remains a life-long learner, always adding to his skills and experiences, even revisiting texts he knows quite well because he may have a new perspective on it now.

"And I'm rereading a book called The Intent to Live by Larry Moss. It's just really great, about acting and how Larry Moss teaches. I took some of his workshops, and he's basically been the dude that inspired me with the way I do my work. So, giving that a reread."

Returning to the topic of Boki's development, could a voiceover episode be in his future? Voiceovers on Snowpiercer have served well to sharpen focus on themes that are deeply personal to specific characters.

"I would LOVE Boki getting a voiceover episode. I think he would focus on the devotion he has for Wilford and how that hurt him when he figured it out. To put everything into somebody that he believes in, that believed in him, and then seeing me not be that important to him, and is there a payback for him?

While we await Boki's return to Snowpiercer, where else can we see Paunovic's work?

"There's [a movie], XCII, which we shot during the pandemic. A really good friend of mine produced a film called Blackway, that I was in, with Anthony Hopkins.

"Right when the pandemic hit, he was about to shoot something else, and then the pandemic hit. He and his whole team just go, 'We can't just stop being creative. Let's shoot something.'

"So they wrote a script in 10 days, and we shot the whole movie. Six different actors, six different countries, and this one story to save mankind type thing. It's pretty great.

"We talk about how this movie was done without a handshake. Everyone was on Zoom. We had iPhone, FaceTime, GoPro, security cameras, some drone shots.

"We did the whole film over Zoom. And I just saw a screening of it about a month ago. I'm excited about it. It's really cool. It's really, really well done.

"They're in the middle of the sell right now, so we're hoping within the next month or two it's going to be released, but we don't know what streaming service yet.

"I actually produced this too. It was really something. [It was great working with] Rick Dugdale. You can see his credits. He's done some amazing stuff. And we'll be working on more stuff together, so I'm pretty excited about it."

As he moves forward with his life and career, Aleks has an eye on giving back to his hometown of Winnipeg by establishing a film studio in the city. Nothing, not even a pandemic, is deterring him from that vision.

"We're still moving forward. We're getting more meetings with the government, hopefully getting some government funding, along with some private investments.

"We're still moving forward. I mean, if it were easy, everybody would've done it already. Just keeping the dream alive. I always think of my visualization, cutting the tape with all my friends around and my family around, cutting the tape to the new studio.

"That's what I'm focusing on, to make sure we get it done.

"The industry [in Manitoba] is fantastic! They have the best tax credit, arguably, in North America. They have one studio, but that was built, like, 20 years ago.

"They have four or five projects happening at one time because they don't have enough crew there. Hopefully, we can bring an establishment there. A studio there [would] not only will house future projects but also be a training ground for other people to come in, and we can build crew within Manitoba and create jobs.

"It's the ripple effect. Once you build it, the lumber yards are gonna get busier because they're building more sets, and hair, and makeup... Hopefully, we can train a number of people so that the money can stay in Winnipeg, and we can grow that industry even more.

"The arts industry is second to none, seriously, per capita in Canada. Winnipeg is so creative, and they have so many amazing, outstanding actors and teachers there. I think once we get it happening, people will really get to see what Winnipeg can do."

As you can tell, Paunovic's enthusiasm for life and all its possibilities is infectious. His love for his family, his work, and his hometown, heart-warming. From vampire to Breachman, producer to studio exec, he'll keep us guessing what adventure he'll be off to next!

Don't miss him in the two-hour season finale of Snowpiercer, airing on March 29 on TNT 9/8c!



source https://www.tvfanatic.com/2021/03/breathing-in-life-snowpiercers-aleks-paunovic-reveals-what-fuels/

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  4. A. Davis Cup
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  6. A. mentally
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  7. In table tennis _____ is shown when service is going to be delivered

  8. A. bat
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  9. Athletics is divided into track and ____ (a) pool (b) table (c) field

  10. A. table
    B. field
    C. pool

  11. In tennis, when both player score 40-40 is called

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  12. Extraction
    Processing
    Manufacturing

  13. Which of these take place when firms producing at different stages in the same industry combine

  14. Cartel
    Conglomeration
    Vertical integration

  15. Tne of the main aims of the ECOWAS is to

  16. foster interchange of goods and services among member
    have one currency
    have common political system

  17. The last link in distribution is the

  18. consumer
    Retailer,
    Wholesaler

  19. When a cheque has special crossing it should be

  20. Paid into a named account
    cashed over the counter
    Paid to the drawee

  21. Which of the following towns was important to the trans-saharan traders

  22. enugu
    Owerri
    Kano

  23. The body controlling the installation an maintenance of phone in Nigeria is

  24. NICON
    NITEL
    NIPOST

  25. Retail outlets which sells from specialized vans are

  26. Mobile shop
    Minimart
    multiple shop

  27. A holding company assumes the control of it subsidiary through

  28. majority shareholding
    becoming the principal custom
    paying all the debts

  29. A cheque made payable to bearer

  30. can only be paid into an account
    is not regarded as a negotiable instrument
    can be negotiated for cash by any holder

Economics

Test Your Memory of Economics
  1. A government that wants to get more revenue will increase the tax on commodities with a

  2. low price elasticity of demand
    Building society
    low income elasticity of demand

  3. Which of the following is involved in the money market

  4. Stock exchange
    Commercial banks
    Building society

  5. Demand pull inflation can aptly be described as

  6. Persistent rise in prices due to increase in expenditure
    Reduction in government expenditure
    Inflation induced by rising costs of production

  7. In order to develop the banking habit of rural dwellers the traditional money lenders should be

  8. Subsidized
    Legalized
    Proscribed

  9. All rates of interest in a country are influenced by the

  10. Mortgage rate
    Wage rate
    Bank rate

  11. Exchange control is a weapon used in regulating

  12. Barter trade
    Stock exchange
    Internal trade

  13. When the marginal product is negative the total product will be

  14. Constant
    Decreasing
    At a maximum

  15. Physical productivity is affected by all the underlisted factors except the

  16. Quantity of input
    State of technology
    Price of output

  17. If a commodity has a high marginal utility its market price will be

  18. Stable
    High
    Zero

  19. Price fluctuation is a feature of

  20. Common market
    Imperfect market
    Supermarkets

  21. Which of the following statements is not a feature of a monopoly

  22. Seller is allowed to fix his own price
    Buyers and sellers are price takers
    New entrances are restricted

  23. The following are advantages of sole proprietorship except

  24. Quick and easy decision-making
    Keeping its business affairs private
    Assurance of raising huge capital for expansion

  25. Which of the following controls a limited liability company

  26. The managing director
    Tax payers
    The board of directors

  27. The main advantage of large scale production is that

  28. Decision-making is quick
    The quantity of the product increases
    Unit cost of production falls

  29. Gold diamond iron ore and limestone are collectively referred to as

  30. Mineral resources
    Artificial resources
    Human resources

  31. Points outside a production possibility curve indicate

  32. Unattainable production levels
    Attainable production levels
    Optimum production levels

  33. The introduction of tariffs and quotas

  34. Reduce the prices of imports
    Increase the demand for locally made goods
    Reduce the prices of locally made goods

  35. Which of the following is the main outcome of a trade Union's interference with the wage rate

  36. Lowered but more employment opportunities are created
    Lowered but employment level remains unchanged
    Increased and employment levels are unchanged

  37. The demand for money is described as a

  38. Competitive demand
    Joint demand
    Derived demand

  39. Which of the following best explains what to produce

  40. How much goods are to be produced
    The combination of resources to be used
    Which goods and services to be produced

  41. Post harvest losses in west African countries can be reduced if

  42. Better storage facilities could be provided
    Erosion is controlled
    More irrigation schemes could be provided

  43. Which of the following will enhance productivity in an economy

  44. The use of obsolete capital
    Technological change
    An increase in the labour force

Government OBJ Practice

  1. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to

  2. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

  3. Which of the following statement best describes an unwritten constitution

  4. The legislature is always unicameral
    The body of the rules and laws cannot all be found in a single document
    The source of the constitution is supreme court verdicts

  5. The process by which people vote to elect their representatives is called

  6. Electoral system
    Plebiscite
    Franchise

  7. Apart from making laws, the legislature has the important function of

  8. Implementing executive decisions
    Appointing the civil servants
    Checking the executive power

  9. Which of the following is a demerit of bicameral legislature

  10. The scope for political participation is limited
    Passing of bills into acts is delayed
    No safeguard for the minority groups

  11. One form of delegated legislation is

  12. Case laws
    Statutory instruments
    Conventions

  13. A system of government in which one level of government exercises an overwhelming authority over o

  14. Confederal
    Parliamentary
    Unitary

  15. A major weakness of a ine-party system is that

  16. It encourages the emergence of dictators
    It ensures freedom of political choice
    It negates the principle of one man one vote

  17. A multiparty system often leads to the formation of

  18. Coalition government
    Dual government
    Dictatorial government

  19. Under a two-party system, the opposition party is as important as the ruling party

  20. It has equal number of supporters as the ruling party
    It is as strong as the ruling party
    It is the alternative government

  21. Who among the following was dismissed from the Action Group at the Jos Congress of 1962

  22. Anthony Enahoro
    Ladoke Akintola
    Dauda Adegbenro

  23. If the receiving state does not approve a diplomat on account of his past activities, he is

  24. A doyen of diplomatic corps
    An extraordinary ambassador
    A persona-non-grata

  25. Nigeria's idea of Africa as the centrepiece of her foreign policy includes all the following excep

  26. Support for Apartheid policy in South Africa
    Promotion of African Unity
    Settling of disputes in Africa

  27. The organ of Organization of African Unity (OAU) responsible for appointment of Secretary General

  28. Appointment committee
    Liberation committee
    Assembly of the Heads of State and Government

  29. Which of the following is an organ of the United Nations Organization (UNO)

  30. Assembly of Heads of State
    Council of Ministers
    The Security Council

  31. The first agent of political socialization is the

  32. School
    Mass media
    Family

  33. Baron Montesquieu was noted for the theory of

  34. Rule of law
    Separation of power
    Delegated legislation

  35. Political sovereignty in the state resides with the

  36. Executive
    People
    National assembly

  37. A political system in which there is only one source of authority in a state is

  38. Confederal
    Presidential
    Unitary

  39. Which of the following best describes an absolute monarch

  40. He wields the supreme power in a state
    He is elected by an electoral college
    He has a fixed tenure of office

  41. Judicial independence means that the courts are independent of the

  42. Civil service and the bar
    Executive and the legislature
    Legislature and the Ministry of Justice

  43. A citizen expresses loyalty to his nation by

  44. Participating in sports
    Supporting political parties
    Singing the national anthem when required

  45. A citizen can participate in the politics of his country by

  46. Acquiring university education
    Attending international meetings
    Contesting for an elective post

  47. The office of the ombudsman is created to act as

  48. Spy for government
    An agency to redress maladministration
    Regulator of government activities

  49. A constitution that has special rules for its amendment is said to be

  50. Written
    Federal
    Rigid

Civic Education OBJ Practice

Test how far you have learned your Civic Education Topics...
  1. Nigeria is a

  2. 1999
    1979
    1960

  3. Franchise means the right to

  4. Contest for political post
    Vote
    Join association

  5. Citizens who are legally qualified to vote form

  6. The electorates
    The constituency
    The executive council

  7. Who amongst the following personalities has never been INEC chairman

  8. Dr. Abel Guobadia
    Prof. Humphrey Nwosu
    Prof. Attahiru Jega

  9. One of the ways to ensure free and fair election is to

  10. Allow parties to campaign on election day
    Guarantee the security of electoral materials
    Appoint a politician as the chairman of the electoral commission

  11. One of the aims of citizenship education is to produce students with

  12. High sense of patriotism
    Creative skills
    Manipulative skills

  13. Victims of human trafficking are usually compelled to engage in

  14. Lucrative employment
    Visiting tourist sites
    Forced labour

  15. Negative behavior includes the following except

  16. Ostentation living
    Cultism
    Living within our means

  17. Inflation of figures, bad town planning and prohibitive religious beliefs are

  18. Modern day behavior pattern
    Problem of road construction pattern
    Bad behavioral patterns

  19. Civic education is the study of

  20. Activities of government
    Animals in the community
    Primary and secondary schools

  21. Which of the following is not a factor that promotes good values in the society

  22. Dishonesty
    Fairness
    Tolerance

  23. Standards, rules and criteria that influence and determine how individual behave in the society is

  24. Attitude
    Liberty
    Values

  25. Nigeria is a

  26. Colonial state
    Federation
    Confederation

  27. Which of the following is not a characteristic of federalism

  28. Two houses of legislature
    Power sharing between central, state and local government
    Power resides at the central government

  29. Who among the following is associated with the concept of the rule of law

  30. Jean Bodin
    A.V.Dicey
    Baron Montesquieu

  31. Consumer responsibilities indicates

  32. Franchise
    Making noise in the market
    Things ought to be done by the consumer

  33. Among other things, a consumer's right is

  34. Right to respect the environment
    Right to speak out
    Right to consumer education

  35. Which one is not a pillar of democracy

  36. Democratic institution
    People
    Fraudulent election

  37. Two-party system is one among the features of the following

  38. 1999 Constitution
    1989 Constitution
    1979 Constitution

  39. The origin of democracy is traceable to or associated with

  40. Egyptians
    Roman Empire
    Ancient Greeks

Bookkeeping Account Obj

  1. When a shareholder fails to pay the calls requested from him this situation leads to

  2. right issues
    forfeiture of share
    bonus share

  3. Which of the following is not a petty cash book item

  4. purchase of machinery
    purchase of stamp
    purchase of milk

  5. Into how many major types can general purpose computer be classified

  6. three
    six
    four

  7. A sale of goods to Audu was not posted. This is an error of

  8. principle
    compensation
    omission

  9. The total share capital which a company would be allowed to issue is known as

  10. authorized share capital
    working capital
    fixed capital

  11. Which of the following is not a unit of the computer

  12. console
    control
    input

  13. Computer programmes are

  14. micro processor
    memory
    software

  15. A statement that measures the performance of a business over a period of time is the

  16. profit and loss account
    balance sheet
    bank statement

  17. Which of the following is the basis of accounting in public service

  18. cash
    expenditure
    profit

  19. An expense is said to be revenue in nature if it

  20. reduces the capital of the business
    adds or contributes to the operating income of the business
    adds to or improves the value of fixed assets

  21. Which of the following is not correct

  22. credit purchases are entered on the debit side of the customers personal account
    returns inwards are entered on the credit side of the supplier's personal account
    returns outwards are entered on the debit side of the supplier's account

  23. When discount is allowed the accounting entry is debit discount allowed and credit

  24. expenses account
    debtors account
    suspense account

  25. When partners maintain fixed capital accounts the correct entries for a partner's share of profit

  26. debit profit and loss account credit current account,
    debit profit and loss appropriation account credit capital account
    debit current account credit capital account

  27. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  28. working capital
    loan capital
    preference capital

  29. Goodwill is taken into account in partnership when

  30. a partner becomes dominant
    a new partner is admitted
    the business is making huge profit

  31. The excess of current assets over current liabilities is

  32. preference capital
    working capital
    loan capital

  33. A class of preference shares in which dividend rights are carried forward is

  34. cumulative
    floating-rate
    redeemable

  35. When both debit and credit entries in respect of a transaction are made in the same ledger account

  36. this is a folio entry
    this is a ledger entry
    this is a centra entry

  37. A business operates on a markup of 25%. If cost of goods sold is #800000. What is the profit

  38. #40000
    #160000
    #200000

  39. If #280000 capital turns #485000 at year end and year drawings was #15000; find year profit

  40. #190000
    #265000
    #220000

English Language OBJ Practice

The below English language questions are fill in the gap
  1. The exercise presented us with a lot of problems but later it was all_____

  2. Plain
    Smooth
    Rough

  3. All the cattle on Lamidi's farm _____

  4. Is tick-free
    Are tick-free
    Is ticks-free

  5. _______ been no official reaction to your request yet

  6. There's
    Theres'
    Theirs'

  7. Kunle was annoyed for arriving late ______

  8. Also Kemi's rather insolent manner
    Also that Kemi's insolent manner
    And Kemi's rather insolent manner also

  9. Those men helped Dupe and _______

  10. Myself
    I
    Me

  11. You can stay here _______ as you are quiet

  12. As long
    So long
    In as much

  13. The Emir and conqueror of the enemy territories _________ next week

  14. Arrives
    Are to arrive
    Arrive

  15. He was ________ by the trickster

  16. Assisted
    Duped
    Cajoled

  17. ______ woman was attacked by a group of bandits

  18. A 90-years old
    A 90-year-old
    A 90 year-old

  19. He was angry with me ________ being treated nonchalantly

  20. For
    Of
    At

  21. The teacher with his wife ______ here

  22. Was
    Are
    Were to be

  23. ______ he would have been convicted

  24. If he could do this
    If he had done this
    If he did this

  25. What saved her was that she _______ to the side of the boat

  26. Had clinged
    Clung
    Clinged

  27. When we visited him, he offered us a variety of _______

  28. Hot
    Local
    Hard

  29. The exercise will be easily accomplished by the team if members _______ their ______

  30. Poor/resources together
    Pull/resources
    Pool/resources

  31. I have decided to ________ drinking alcohol for health reasons

  32. Abandon
    Give up
    Jettison

  33. I would like to ________ my father to Kaduna

  34. Accompany
    Follow
    Escort

  35. One ________ be too careful these days; times are uncertain and walls have ears

  36. Can't
    Shouldn't
    Need not

  37. I shall never be so tired _______ to write to you

  38. Such that I will be unable
    As not to be able
    That I shan't be able

  39. As you have been here before ________ lead the way

  40. You would better
    It is you who will
    You'd better

  41. My brother got married to a woman with ______

  42. Gorgeous
    Exquisite
    Decent

  43. The thief we caught yesterday was ________ manner

  44. Disguised
    Concealed
    Masked

  45. The carpenter asked for ten packets of ________ nails

  46. Fifteen centimetres'
    Fifteen-centimetres
    Fifteen-centimetre

  47. The President refused to shake ______ with the visiting Prime Minister

  48. Hand
    Hands
    His hand

  49. The trader companied that he ________ robbed

  50. Had been
    Has been
    Is being

Geography OBJ

  1. "Houses are far apart from one another. They are commonly connected by foot path" this description refers to.

  2. Despersed settlement
    Ribbon settlement
    Urban settlement

  3. An area is said to be overpopulated if

  4. It has more people than its developed physical and human resources can support
    There is not enough food to cater for the population
    There is rural urban migration

  5. Ports that specialize in receiving and redistributing goods to neighboring countries are

  6. River ports
    Inland ports
    Entre ports

  7. The major causes of change in population size are

  8. Birth, marriage and death
    Birth, accident and death
    Birth, death and migration

  9. The greatest problem associated with cattle rearing in west Africa is

  10. The presence of tsetse fly
    Inadequate capital
    Insufficient market

  11. Which of these African countries is noted for lumbering

  12. Uganda
    Congo
    Kenya

  13. Which of the following is not a favor of land transport to the economic development of any country

  14. Generation of income
    Diffusion of idea and innovation
    Depopulation of urban centres

  15. One of the functions performed by rural settlements for urban settlement is the provisions

  16. Of employment
    Of manufactured goods
    Of agricultural products

  17. Which of the following is the major benefit of international trade

  18. Stabilization of price
    Free movement of people across borders
    Revenue generation

  19. Perishable goods; items of high unit value (gold, diamond) are best transported by

  20. Rail
    Road
    Sea

  21. Which type of rock are quartzite, schist and mable

  22. Igneous
    Volcanic
    Metamorphic

  23. The process of headward erosion will lead to the formation of

  24. Alluvial cones
    Pot holes
    River capture

  25. The nearest planet to the sun is the

  26. Mercury
    Pluto
    Earth

  27. The longitude that joins longitude 180° at opposite side of the globe to form Great Circle

  28. Longitude 0°
    Longitude 170° W
    Longitude 30° E

  29. The part of the earth's crust that is covered by oceans and sea is called

  30. Ionosphere
    Hydrospere
    Biosphere

  31. Which of the following lines of latitudes divides the earth into two hemispheres

  32. Tropic of cancer
    Antarctic circle
    The equator

  33. In which part of the atmosphere does rain clouds develop

  34. Troposphere
    Stratosphere
    Thermosphere

  35. An example of an organically formed sedimentary rock is

  36. Rock salt
    Sandstone
    Coal

  37. Sills, dykes and batholiths are examples of

  38. Extrusive volcanic landform
    Intrusive volcanic landform
    Landforms from earthquake

  39. An advantage of air transport in the world is its

  40. High patronage
    Speedy movement of goods and passengers
    Ability to carry bulky goods

Biology Question Test 1

  1. Which of the following is not a courtship behavior exhibited by animals?

  2. A. pairing
    B. Hibernation
    C. display

  3. The process whereby micro-organisms convert atmospheric nitrogen into nitrogenous compound is known as

  4. A. nitrogen fixation
    B. Putrefaction
    C. nitrogen cycle

  5. Which of the following organisms reduces nitrates in the soil to gaseous nitrogen

  6. A. nitrifying bacterium
    B. Parasitic mould
    C. Denitrifying bacterium

  7. Which of the following mineral salts is a trace element?

  8. A. hydrogen
    B. Carbon
    C. zinc

  9. A climax community is characterized by

  10. A. constant change in appearance of the habitat
    B. Gradual change in animal population
    C. A stable composition of plants and animals species

  11. Which of the following is not a characteristic of overcrowding in plant and animal community

  12. A. population outstripping available space
    B. Increase in primary production
    C. Population exceeding available food

  13. The use of predators or parasites to control pests in the farm is known as

  14. A. predator control
    B. Animal control
    C. Biological control

  15. Which of the following substances cannot control the growth of harmful microorganisms

  16. A. disinfectants
    B. Antibiotics
    C. Isotonic sugar solution

  17. Which of the following is the underlining principle in the adoption of biological control of pests

  18. A. the predator-prey relationship in the ecologically community
    B. The presence of poisonous chemicals in the farm
    C. Relationship between plants and animals

  19. The largest game reserve in Nigeria is the

  20. A. Yankari Game Reserve in Bauchi State
    B. Oban Hills Game Reserve in Cross River State
    C. Zamfara Forest Reserve in Sokoto State

History And Philosophy Question Test 1

  1. ____ is the science for practical and efficiency

  2. A. entomology
    B. technology
    C. gerontology

  3. Michael Faraday studied ____

  4. A. Electricity and magnetism
    B. Engineering and innovation
    C. Aviation and movement

  5. Thomas Edison invented ____

  6. A. telephone
    B. badminton
    C. Electric light bulb

  7. First cosmology to give rational account of all physical phenomena was devised by

  8. A. Galileo Galilee
    B. Henry the Tudor
    C. Aristotle

  9. The Sumerians develop metallurgy and the use of ____

  10. A. compass
    B. Lunar calendar
    C. calculator

  11. Sir Isaac Newton formulated the law of universal gravitation

  12. A. fallacy
    B. certain
    C. dilemma

  13. Archimedes of Syracuse (287-212 B.C.) pioneered the science of

  14. A. transportation
    B. horoscope
    C. mechanics

  15. ____ studied the chemistry of gases and and the nature of respiration and combustion

  16. A. Jack Doreen
    B. Karl Max
    C. Robert Hooke

  17. Classic learning vanished from Europe during

  18. A. Dark age
    B. Modern age
    C. Renaissance age

  19. The first periodic table of chemical elements were compiled by

  20. A. Dmitri Mendeleyev
    B. Charles Darwin
    C. Nicholas Copernicus

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LIST OF POETRY CONTEST WEBSITES

1. The Sillerman First Book Prize for African Poets

2. Brunel International African Poetry Prize

3. Writing Contests, Grants & Awards | Poets & Writers

4. Mississippi Review Poetry Contest

5. Bayou Magazine's Kay Murphy Prize for Poetry

6. Gemini Magazine Poetry Open

7. The Colorado Review Prize for Poetry

8. USA Gold Pencils Student Poetry Contest

9. The Marsh Hawk Press Poetry Prize

10. The Backwaters Prize

11. Black River Chapbook Competition

12. Grist's Pro Forma Writing Contest

13. Tethered by Letters 2020 Spring Literary Contest

14. Juxtaprose 2020 Poetry Contest

15. The Cossack Review's October Poetry Prize

16. Boston Review Annual Poetry Contest

17. TIFERET Writing Contest

18. Boulevard Emerging Poets Contest

19. The Bitter Oleander Press Library of Poetry Award

20. Annual Gival Press Oscar Wilde Award